Article published in:Turn continuation in cross-linguistic perspective
Edited by Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen and Tsuyoshi Ono
[Pragmatics 17:4] 2007
► pp. 553–572
Complement clauses as turn continuations
The Finnish et(tä)-clause
This paper examines the use of että-clauses in Finnish everyday conversation for extending a speaker’s turn after a possible point of turn completion for the purpose of pursuing uptake from a turn recipient. Although että-clauses are considered complements in most grammatical descriptions of Finnish, the paper questions their status as subordinate clauses. We show that they nevertheless could be considered to function as increments, as either Extensions (Glue-ons, in terms of Couper-Kuhlen & Ono, this volume) or Free Constituents. This is interesting in view of Ford, Fox & Thompson’s (2002) definition of increments as “nonmain-clause continuations after a possible point of turn completion.” We also show that what makes että-clauses ideal for the pursuit of uptake is that both as a conjunction and particle, että functions to open up the participation framework and import new voices to the conversation.
Keywords: Increments, Subordination, Complementation, Että-clause, Finnish, Turn expansion
Available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) 4.0 license.
Published online: 01 December 2007
(1994) Discourse, consciousness and time. The flow and displacement of conscious experience in speaking and writing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. BoP
(2003) Searching for structure. The problem of complementation in colloquial Indonesian conversation. Studies in Discourse and Grammar 13. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. BoP
Ford, Cecilia E., Barbara A. Fox, and Sandra A. Thompson
(2002) Constituency and the grammar of turn increments. In Cecilia E. Ford, Barbara A. Fox and Sandra A. Thompson (eds.), The language of turn and sequence. Oxford Studies in Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 14-38. BoP
(1981) Forms of talk. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. BoP
Hakulinen, Auli, and Fred Karlsson
Hakulinen, Auli, and Eeva-Leena Seppänen
(1992) Finnish kato: From verb to particle. Journal of Pragmatics 18: 527-549. BoP
Hakulinen, Auli, Maria Vilkuna, Riita Korhonen, Vesa, Koivisto, Tarja Riita Heinonen, and Irja Alho
(2006) On subordination, Finnish style. Questioning the category of finite clausal complementation in Finnish. In Mickael Suominen, Antti Arppe, Anu Airola, Orvokki Heinämäki, Matti Miestamo, Urho Määttä, Jussi Niemi, Kari K. Pitkänen & Kaius Sinnemäki (eds.), A man of measure. Festschrift in honor of Fred Karlsson on his 60th birthday.Turku: The Linguistic Association of Finland, pp. 310-321.
Laury, Ritva, and Eeva-Leena Seppänen
(1992) Et(tä)-partikkelilla alkavat lausumat keskustelussa. Unpublished thesis, Department of Finnish, University of Helsinki.
(2001) Responding in conversation. A study of response particles in Finnish. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. BoP
Thompson, Sandra A.
Cited by 11 other publications
D’Hertefelt, Sarah & Jean-Christophe Verstraete
Koivisto, Aino & Liisa Voutilainen
Luke, Kang-kwong, Sandra A. Thompson & Tsuyoshi Ono
Oloff, Florence & Martin Havlík
Thompson, Sandra A. & Tsuyoshi Ono
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 05 november 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.