Argumentation

Approaches to theory formation

Containing the contributions to the Groningen Conference on the Theory of Argumentation, October 1978

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The contributions in the first part ‘Re-modelling logic’ of this volume take account of formal logic in the theory of ‘rational’ argumentation. Part two contains papers that distinguish the various dialogue games for logics in terms of ‘rights’ and ‘obligations’ of the players. The authors following in the third section study the interaction between participants in a dialogue. Here the tools of the logician are used for the wider purpose of studying the nature of dialogue. The fourth section concern modes of argumentation that are actually found in philosopical texts from earlier centuries. To be followed by contributions in Part five that may be read as attempts to retrieve what was left of the spirit of criticism and debate in philosphy after the onslaught of Cartesianism and idealism.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 8]  1982.  xviii, 333 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Contributors
v
Preface
vii
Part One: Re-Modelling Logic
Introduction
E.M. Barth
3
A Necessary Component of Logic: Empirical Argumentation Analysis
Arne Naess
9
1. Logic has empirical components and needs empirical research
2. ‘Argumentation analysis’
3. Options in a clarification and assessment game
4. Analysis of agreement and pseudo-agreement
5. Degree of definiteness of intention (discrimination acuity) as a factor in argumentation
6. The hermeneutical spiral as a factor in argumentation
Die Dialogische Begründung Von Logikkalkülen
P. Lorenzen
23
1. Drei Typen von Logikkalkülen
2. Das Begründungsproblem
3. Empraktische Einführung der Verwendungsregeln
4. Materiale Dialoge: Semantik
5. Erweiterungen der strengen Dialoge: Liberalisierungen
6. Die effektive Dialogregel
7. Das Problem der Konsistenz: Schnittregel
8. Die klassische Dialogregel
9. Die Beziehung materialer Dialoge zu Logikkalkülen
10. Zur Frage der sog: Vollständigkeit
11. Vollständigkeit ohne Semantik
Sherlock Holmes Confronts Modern Logic: Toward a Theory of Information-Seeking Through Questioning
Jaakko Hintikka and Merrill B. Hintikka
55
1. Sherlock Holmes vs. philosophers on deduction
2. Making tacit information explicit through questioning
3. The structure of question-inference complexes
4. On the principle of total evidence. Bayesianism
5. The role of observations
6. Question-answer sequences as games against Nature
7. Payoffs and strategies
8. Deductions sometimes replaceable by questions and answers
Semantical Games and Transcendental Arguments
Jaakko Hintikka
77
1. Kant on the logic of existence
2. Seeking and finding, and game-theoretical semantics
3. A transcendental refutation of certain related views
4. A test-case: branching quantifiers
5. Material vs. logical truth, formal argumentation, and semantics
6. From semantical games to dialogical ones
Towards a General Theory of Argumentation
Leo Apostel
93
1. Logic and rhetorics, heuristics, proof theory
2. Theory of discussion
3. What are discussions?
4. Reduction to the theory of (inter-)action
5. “Proponent”, “Opponent”, “defence” and “attack”
6. Systematic connections between the theory of games and some theories discussed at this conference
7. Hamblin's theory: What is an argument?
8. Decomposition of argumentative texts: Sub-games
9. Equivocation and use of metaphors
Theory of Argumentation and the Dialectical Garb of Formal Logic
Erik C.W. Krabbe
123
Ein Konstruktiver Weg Zur Semantik Der “Möglichen Welten”
Rüdiger Inhetveen
133
1. Dialogebenen: Spielregel
2. Beispiele
3. Beziehung zu den modallogischen Standardsystemen
Part Two: Choosing the Rules
Introduction
E.M. Barth
143
On the Criteria for the Choice of Rules of Dialogic Logic
Kuno Lorenz
145
1. A game-theoretic pragmatic conception of truth
2. Specifying the game (“global” game rules)
3. Argument rules (“local” game rules)
4. Subjunction
5. Formal winning-strategy and formal truth
6. A theorem of formal dialogic logic
A Normative-Pragmatical Foundation of the Rules of some Systems of Formal3 Dialectics
E.M. Barth
159
1. New foundations: Statemental dialogue attitudes
2. Two purposes — presentation of the dialectical systems, and the problem of fallacy
3. Basic norms and ends; implementations
4. Dialectics should be systematic and thorough going
5. Dialectics should be orderly and dynamic
6. Epilogue: The three elementary phases of a critical discussion
Part Three: Describing Argumentative Dialogues
Introduction
E.M. Barth
171
A Set of Concepts for the Study of Dialogical Argumentation
Arnold Gunther
175
1. Introduction
2. Argumentation — informally described
3. Dialogue bases
4. Co-operative argumentative dialogues and argumentation
Montague-Grammars for Argumentative Dialogues
Carl H. Heidrich
191
1. Introduction
2. Background and motivation
3. An example of a dialogue
4. A Montague-grammar
Part Four: Analysing Philosophy
Introduction
E.M. Barth
229
Formal Dialectics as Immanent Criticism of Philosophical Systems
Erik C.W. Krabbe
233
1. Introduction
2. The provocative thesis
3. Critical interpretation of the logical constants
4. Information-seeking interpretation of the logical constants
An Application of Empirical Argumentation Analysis to Spinoza's “Ethics”
Arne Naess
245
1. The propositions of the “Ethics” conceived of as arguments in a debate
2. Spinoza's theses of equivalence
3. Equivalences as arguments
Finite Debates About “The Infinite”
E.M. Barth
257
1. Two philosophical paradigms
2. “Tongue-twisting for the sake of consistency” — a recent description of the Weierstrass method
3. Two-role logic and the notion of ‘limit’
4. Instantaneous velocities
5. Paradigmatically misleading expressions
6. Conclusion
Part Five: Analysing Interaction
Introduction
E.M. Barth
271
A Decision-Theoretical Interpretation of Dialogues
Ulrike Leopold-Wildburger
273
On the Philosophy of Argument and the Logic of Common Morality
F. van Dun
281
1. Dialectical argument and first principles
2. The fundamental principle of morality
3. A dialogical approach to the logic of common morality
Theory of Argumentation
A. Chronological Bibliography
295
B. Index of Names to Chronological Bibliography
329
Cited by

Cited by other publications

Blair, J. Anthony
2012.  In Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation [Argumentation Library, 21],  pp. 231 ff. Crossref logo
Finocchiaro, Maurice A.
2005.  In Arguments about Arguments, Crossref logo
Girle, Roderic A.
1991. Dialogue and the Teaching of Reasoning. Educational Philosophy and Theory 23:1  pp. 45 ff. Crossref logo
Hintikka, Jaakko
1989.  In An Intimate Relation [Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 116],  pp. 243 ff. Crossref logo
Moeschler, Jacques
2016.  In Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society [Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology, 4],  pp. 653 ff. Crossref logo
Walton, Douglas
2001.  In Informal Logic, Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 02 june 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  82226284