Language Processing in Advanced Learners of English

A multi-method approach to collocation based on corpus linguistic and experimental data

| University of Hildesheim
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027205407 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027261342 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
The production and processing of collocations and formulaic language is a field of growing interest in corpus linguistics and experimental psycholinguistics. In the past this fascinating field at the interface of grammar and the lexicon has been mainly studied based on English native speakers, while research focusing on second language speakers and language learners has been comparatively rare. This book proposes an integration of corpus-based and experimental methods by analysing language processing of collocation by advanced learners of English. In using corpus-derived collocational stimuli of native-like and learner-typical language use in an experimental setting, it shows how advanced German L1 learners of English process native-like collocations, L1-based interferences and non-collocating lexical combinations. This book is of interest to anyone interested in the psycholinguistic validity of collocation from a bilingual point of view, as it explores methods of tracking collocational processing of speakers working with different sets of ‘collocational preferences’.
[Bilingual Processing and Acquisition, 9]  2020.  xvii, 293 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
List of figures
xi–xii
List of tables
xiii–xv
Acknowledgements
Part I. Empirical analysis of language production and language processing
4–52
Chapter 1. Introduction and overview
4–6
Chapter 2. Aspects of corpus linguistics
8–27
Chapter 3. Aspects of experimental data in psycholinguistics
30–52
Part II. Language processing of intermediate and advanced learners of English
56–280
Chapter 4. Interference collocations of advanced German learners of English
56–64
Chapter 5. Measuring eye movements for the study of language processing and comprehension
66–73
Chapter 6. Processing semantic mismatch and unexpected lexical items
76–89
Chapter 7. Methodology
92–115
Chapter 8. Results 1: Evidence from eye-tracking
118–163
Chapter 9. Results 2: Evidence from EEG/ERP
166–243
Chapter 10. Evaluation and discussion
246–273
Chapter 11. Conclusions and outlook
276–280
References
281–290
Notes
Index
291
References

References

Abrams, R. A., Meyer, D. E. & Kornblum, S.
1989Speed and accuracy of saccadic eye-movements: characteristics of impulse variability in the oculomotor system. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 15(3): 529–543.
Altenberg, E. P. & Vago, R. M.
2004The role of grammaticality judgments in investigationg first language attrition. In First Language Attrition: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Methodological Issues [Studies in Bilingualism 28], M. S. Schmid, B. Köpke, M. Keijzer & L. Weilemar (eds), 105–131. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Amosova, N. N.
1963Osnovy anglijskoj frazeologij. Leningrad: Nauka.
Andor, J.
2006The master and his performance: An interview with Noam Chomsky. International Journal of Pragmatics 1: 93–111.
Ardal, S., Donald, M. W., Meuter, R., Muldrew, S. & Luce, M.
1990Brain responses to semantic incongruity in bilinguals. Brain and Language 39: 187–205. Crossref link
Aston, G. & Burnard, L.
1998The BNC Handbook. Exploring the British National Corpus with SARA. Edinburgh: EUP.
Baayen, R. H., Davidson, D. J. & Bates, D. M.
2008Mixed-effects modeling with crossed random effects for subjects and items. Journal of Memory and Language 59: 390–412. Crossref link
Barlow, M.
2005Computer-based analysis of learner language. In Analysing learner language, R. Ellis & G. P. Barkhuizen (eds), 335–357. Oxford: OUP.
Bates, E.
2003Natura e cultura nel linguaggio (On the nature and nurture of language). I. Frontiere della biologia (Frontiers of Biology). Il cervello di Homo sapiens (The Brain of Homo Sapiens), E. Bizzi, P. Calissano & V. Volterra (eds), 241–265. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana fondata da Giovanni Trecanni.
Berglund-Prytz, Y.
2007British National Corpus, Version 3 (BNC XML edn). Distributed by Oxford University Computing Services on behalf of the BNC Consortium.
Besson, M., Kutas, M. & van Petten, C.
1992An event-related potential (ERP) analysis of semantic congruity and repetition in sentences. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 4(2): 132–149. Crossref link
Binder, J. R., Frost, J. A., Hammeke, T. A., Cox, R. W., Rao, S. M. & Prieto, T.
1997Human brain language areas identified by functional magnetic resonance imaging. The Journal of Neuroscience 17(1): 353–362. Crossref link
Blumstein, S. E., Milberg, W. & Shrier, R.
1982Semantic processing in aphasia. Evidence from an auditory lexical decision task. Brain and Language 17(2): 301–315. Crossref link
Brand, C. & Kämmerer, S.
2006The Louvain international database of spoken English interlanguage: Compiling the German component. In Corpus Technology and Language Pedagogy: New Resources, New Tools, New Methods, S. Braun, K. Kohn & J. Mukherjee (eds), 127–140. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
Bresnan, J.
2007Is syntactic knowledge probabilistic? Experiments with the English dative alternation. In Roots. Linguistics in Search of its Experimental Base, S. Featherson & W. Sternefeld (eds), 75–96. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Bresnan J. & Hay, J.
2008Gradient grammar: An effect of animacy on the syntax of give in New Zealand and American English. Lingua 118(2): 245–259. Crossref link
Clifton, C., Straub, A. & Rayner, K.
2007Eye movements in reading words and sentences. In Eye Movements: A Window on Mind and Brain, R. P. G. van Gompel, M. H. Fischer, W. S. Murray & R. L. Hill (eds), 341–373. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Crossref link
Coltheart, M., Rastle, K., Perry, C., Langdon, R. & Ziegler, J.
2001DRC: A dual route cascade model of visual word recognition and reading aloud. Psychological Review 108(1): 204–256. Crossref link
Coltheart, M., Curtis, B., Atkins, P., & Haller, M.
1993Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and parallel-distributed-processing approaches. Psychological Review, 100(4), 589–608. Crossref link
Cowie, A. P.
1981The treatment of collocations and idioms in learners’ dictionaries. Applied Linguistics 2(3): 223–235. Crossref link
1998Introduction. In Phraseology: Theory, Analysis and Applications, A. P. Cowie (ed.), 1–20. Oxford: OUP.
Cruden, A.
1737A Complete Concordance to the Holy Scriptures. London: Private print.
Daudaravičius, M. & Marcinkevičienė, R.
2004Gravity counts for the boundaries of collocations. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 9(2): 321–348. Crossref link
Davies, M.
2009The 385+ million word Corpus of Contemporary American English (1990–2008+): Design, architecture and linguistic insights. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 14(2): 159–190. Crossref link
Deacon, D., Mehta, A., Tinsley, C. & Nousak, J. M.
1995Variations in the latencies and amplitudes of N400 and NA as a function of semantic priming. Psychophysiology 32(6): 560–570. Crossref link
Dien, J., Frishkoff, G. A. & Tucker, D. M.
2000Differentiating the N3 and N4 electrophysiological semantic incongruity effects. Brain & Cognition 43: 148–152.
Dijkstra, T.
2005Bilingual lexical word recognition and lexical access. In Handbook of Bilingualism. Psycholinguistic Approaches, J. F. Kroll & A. M. B. de Groot (eds), 179–201. Oxford: OUP.
Dimigen, O. W., Sommer, A., Hohlfeld, A., Jacobs, M. & Kliegl, R.
2011Co-registration of eye movements and EEG in natural reading: Analyses & review. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140(4): 552–572. Crossref link
Dunning, T.
1993Accurate methods for the statistics of surprise and coincidence. Computational Linguistics 19(1): 61–74.
Durrant, P. & Schmitt, N.
2009To what extent do native and non-native writers make use of collocations? International Journal of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching 47: 157–177.
Dussias, P. E.
2010Uses of eye-tracking data in second language sentence processing research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 30: 149–166. Crossref link
Ellis, N. C., Frey, E. & Jalkannen, I.
2009The psycholinguistic reality of collocation and semantic prosody (1) – Lexical access (89–116). In Exploring the Lexis-Grammar Interface [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 35], U. Roemer & R. Schulze (eds), 89–114. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Ellis, N. & Frey, E.
2009The psycholinguistic reality of collocation and semantic prosody (2) – Affective priming (473–498). In Formulaic Language, Vol. 2: Acquisition, Loss, Psycholinguistic Reality, and Functional Explanations [Typological Studies in Language 83], R. Corrigan, E. A. Moravcsik, H. Ouali & K. M. Wheatley (eds), 473–498. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Evert, S.
2008Corpora and collocations. In Corpus Linguistics. An International Handbook, Vol. 2, A. Lüdeling & M. Kytö. (eds), 1212–1248. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Federmeier, K. D., Mai, H. & Kutas, M.
2005Both siders get the point: Hemispheric sensitivity to sentential constraint. Memory and Cognition 2005(33): 871–886. Crossref link
Fernald, A., Zangl, R., Portillo, A. L., Marchman, V. A.
2008Looking while listening: using eye movements to monitor spoken language comprehension by infants and young children. In Developmental Psycholinguistics: On-Line Methods in Children’s Language Processing [Language Acquisition and Language Disorders 44], I. A. Sekerina, E. M. Fernández & H. Clahsen (eds), 97–135. Amsterdam: Johan Benjamins. Crossref link
Fiebach, C. J., Friederici, A., Müller, K. & von Cramon, D. Y.
2002fMRI evidence for dual routes to the mental lexicon in visual word recognition. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 14(1): 11–23. Crossref link
Field, A., Miles, J. & Field, Z.
2012Discovering Statistics using R. London: Sage.
Firth, J. R.
1957Papers in Linguistics 1934–1951. Oxford: OUP.
Francis, W. N.
1982Problems of assembling and computerizing large language corpora. In Processing Computer Corpora in English Language Research, S. Johansson (ed.), 7–42. Bergen: Norwegian Computing Centre for the Humanities.
Francis W. N.
1992Language corpora B.C. In Directions in Corpus Linguistics, J. Svartvik (ed.), 17–34. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Francis W. N. & Kučera, H.
(compilers) 1964The Brown Corpus. Available through International Computer Archive of Modern and Medieval English (ICAME). http://​icame​.uib​.no​/brown​/bcm​.html
Frankenberg-Garcia, A.
2004Lost in parallel concordances. In G. Aston, S. Bernardini & D. Stewart (eds). Corpora and Language Learners [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 17], G. Aston, S. Bernardini & D. Stewart (eds), 213–232. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Friederici, A. D.
1995The time course of syntactic activation during language processing: A model based on neuropsychological and neurophysiological data. Brain and Language 50(3): 259–281. Crossref link
2002Towards a neural basis of auditory sentence processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6(2): 78–84. Crossref link
Friederici, A. D. & Kotz, S. A.
2003The brain basis of syntactic processes: Functional imaging and lesion studies. NeuroImage 20(S1): 8–17. Crossref link
Friederici, A. D., Pfeifer, E. & Hahne, A.
1993Event related potentials during natural speech processing: Effects of semantic, morphological and syntactic violations. Cognitive Brain Research 1(3): 183–192. Crossref link
Friederici, A. D. & Weissenborn, J.
2007Mapping sentence form onto meaning: The syntax-semantic interface. Brain Research 1146: 50–58. Crossref link
Gast, V.
2008Verb-noun compounds in English and German. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 56(3): 269–282. Crossref link
Gilquin, G., De Cock, S. & Granger, S.
2010Louvain International Database of Spoken English Interlanguage. Handbook and CD-ROM. Louvain-la-Neuve: Presses Universitaires de Louvain.
Gilquin, G. & Gries, S. T.
2009Corpora and experimental methods: A state-of-the art review. Corpus Linguistics & Linguistic Theory 5(1): 1–26. Crossref link
Gilquin, G. & Shortall, T.
2007Reconciling corpus data and elicitation data in FLT. In Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics Conference (CL 2007), M. Davies, P. Rayson, S. Hunston & P. Danielsson (eds), 12–27. Birmingham: University of Birmingham.
Gläser, R.
1986Phraseologie der Englischen Sprache. Tübingen: Niemeyer. Crossref link
Grainger, J.
1990Word frequency and neighborhood frequency effects in lexical decision and naming. Journal of Memory and Language 29(2): 228–244. Crossref link
Granger, S.
2003The International Corpus of Learner English: A new resource for foreign language learning and teaching and second language acquisition research. TESOL Quarterly 37(3): 538–546. Crossref link
2015Contrastive interlanguage analysis: A reappraisal. International Journal of Learner Corpus Research 1(1): 7–24. Crossref link
Granger, S. & Bestgen, Y.
2014The use of collocations by intermediate vs. advanced non-native writers: A bigram-based study. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching 52(3): 229–252. Crossref link
Granger, S., Dagneaux, E., Meunier, F., Paquot, M.
2009The International Corpus of Learner English. Handbook and CD-ROM, Version 2. Louvain-la-Neuve: Presses Universitaires de Louvain.
Gries, S. T.
2006Some proposals towards more rigorous corpus linguistics. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 54(2): 191–202. Crossref link
Hahne, A.
2001What’s different in second-language processing? Evidence from event-related potentials. Journal of Psychological Research 30(3): 251–266. Crossref link
Hahne, A. & Friederici, A. D.
2002Differential task effects on semantic and syntactic processes as revealed by ERPs. Cognitive Brain Research 13: 339–356. Crossref link
Halliday, M. A. K.
1966Lexis as a Linguistic Level. In Memory of J.R. Firth, C. E. Bazell, J. C. Catford, M. A. K. Halliday & R. H. Robins (eds), 148–163. London: Longman.
Hasselgren, A.
1994Lexical teddy bears and advanced learners: A study into the ways Norwegian students cope with English vocabulary. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 4: 237–260. Crossref link
Hauk, O., Davis, M. H., Ford, M., Pulvermüller, F. & Marslen-Wilson, W. D.
2006The time course of visual word recognition as revealed by linear regression analysis of ERP data. NeuroImage 30(4): 1383–1400. Crossref link
Hillyard, S. A. & Kutas, M.
1983Electrophysiology of cognitive processes. Annual Review of Psychology 34: 33–61. Crossref link
Hoey, M.
2005Lexical Priming: A New Theory of Words and Language. London: Routledge.
Hoffmann, S.
2007From web-page to mega-corpus: The CNN transcripts. In Corpus Linguistics and the Web, M. Hundt, N. Nesselhauf & C. Biewer (eds), 69–85. Amsterdam: Rodopi. Crossref link
Hoffmann, S., Evert, S., Smith, N., Lee, D. & Berglund-Prytz, Y.
2008Corpus Linguistics with BNCweb – A Practical Guide. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
Howarth, P. A.
1996Phraseology in English Academic Writing: Some Implications for Language Learning and Dictionary Making. Tübingen: Niemeyer. Crossref link
1998Phraseology and second language proficiency. Applied Linguistics 19(1): 23–44. Crossref link
Huettel, S. A., Song, A. W. & McCarthy, G.
2014Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 3rd edn. Sunderland MA: Sinauer.
Hunston, S.
2002Pattern grammar, language teaching and linguistic variation. In Using Corpora to Explore Linguistic Variation, [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 9], R. Reppen, S. M. Fitzmaurice & D. Biber (eds), 167–183. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Inhoff, A. W. & Radach, R.
1998Definition and computation of oculomotor measures in the study of cognitive processes. In Eye Guidance in Reading and Scene Perception, G. Underwood (ed.), 29–53. Oxford: Elsevier. Crossref link
Jäkel, O.
2010The Flensburg English Classroom Corpus (FLECC): Sammlung authentischer Unterrichtsgespräche aus dem aktuellen Englischunterricht auf verschiedenen Stufen an Grund-, Haupt-, Real- und Gesamtschulen Norddeutschlands. Flensburg: Flensburg University Press.
Jarvis, S.
2000Methodological rigor in the study of transfer: Identifying L1 influence in the interlanguage lexicon. Language Learning 50(2): 245–309. Crossref link
Just, M. A. & Carpenter, P. A.
1980A theory of reading: From eye fixation to comprehension. Psychological Review 87(4): 329–354. Crossref link
1992A capacity theory of comprehension: Individual differences in working memory. Psychological Review 99(1): 122–149. Crossref link
Kemper, S., Crow, A. & Kemtes, K.
2004Eye-fixation patterns of high- and low-span young and older adults: Down the garden path and back again. Psychology and Aging 19(1): 157–170. Crossref link
Kilgarriff, A. & Grefenstette, G.
2003Introduction to the special issue on the web as corpus. Computational Linguistics 29(3): 333–347. Crossref link
Kilgarriff, A., Rychlý, P., Smrz, P. & Tugwell, D.
2004The Sketch Engine. In Proceedings of the Eleventh Euralex International Congress, Lorient, France, 6–10 July, Geoffrey Williams & Sandra Vessier (eds), 105–116. Lorient: Université de Bretagne-Sud.
Kilgarriff, A., Baisa, V., Bušta, J., Jakubíček, M., Kovář, V., Michelfeit, J., Rychlý, P. & Suchomel, V.
2014The Sketch Engine: Ten years on. Lexicography 1(1): 7–36. Crossref link
Kim, S. G., Ashe, J., Georgopoulos, A. P., Merkle, H., Ellerman, J. M., Menon, R. S., Ogawa, S. & Ugurbil. K.
1993Functional imaging of human motor cortex at high magnetic field. Journal of Neurophysiology 69(1): 297–302. Crossref link
Kjellmer, G.
2009Awful adjectives: A type of semantic change in present-day corpora. In Corpus Linguistics: Refinements and Reassessments, A. Renouf & A. Kehoe (eds), 437–449. Amsterdam: Rodopi. Crossref link
Kliegl, R., Grabner, E., Rolfs, M. & Engbert, R.
2004Length, frequency, and predictability effects of words on eye-movements in reading. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 16(2): 262–284. Crossref link
Kreyer, R.
2014The Marburg Corpus of Intermediate Learner English (MILE). In Language Corpora in Language Testing and Assessment [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 70], M. Callies & S. Götz (eds), 13–34. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Kroll, J. F. & Stewart, E.
1994Category inferences in translation and picture naming. Journal of Memory and Language 33(2): 149–174. Crossref link
Kroll, J. F. & Tokowicz, N.
2005Models of bilingual representation and processing: Looking back and to the future. In Handbook of Bilingualism, J. Kroll & A. M. B. de Groot (eds), 531–553. Oxford: OUP.
Kroll, J. F., van Hell, J. G., Tokowicz, N. & Green, D. W.
2010The revised hierarchical model: A critical review and assessment. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 13(3): 373–381. Crossref link
Kutas, M. & Hillyard, S. A.
1980Reading senseless sentences: Brain potentials reflect semantic incongruity. Science, New Series 207(4427), 203–205.
1984Brain potentials during reading reflect word expectancy and semantic association. Nature 307: 161–163. Crossref link
Langacker, R. W.
1999Grammar and Conceptualization. Berlin: De Gruyter. Crossref link
Laporte, S.
2012Mind the gap!: Bridge between World Englishes and Learner Englishes in the making. English Text Construction 5(2): 264–291. Crossref link
Laufer, B. & Waldmann, T.
2011Verb-noun collocations in second language writing: A corpus analysis of learners’ English. Language Learning 61(2): 647–672. Crossref link
Leech, G.
2007New resources, or just better old ones? The Holy Grail of representativeness. In Corpus Linguistics and the Web, M. Hundt, N. Nesselhauf & C. Biewer (eds), 133–149. Amsterdam: Rodopi. Crossref link
Leech, G., Garside, R. & Bryant, M.
1994CLAWS4: The tagging of the British National Corpus. In Coling 1994, Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Compational Linguistics, 2 Vols, 622–628. Kyoto.
Libben, M. R. & Titone, D. A.
2009Bilingual lexical access in context: Evidence from eye-movements during reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35(2): 381–390.
Lorenz, G.
1999Adjective Intensification - learners versus native speakers: a corpus study of argumentative writing. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Love, R., Bembry C., Hardy A. & McEnery, T.
2017The Spoken BNC2014 – Designing and building a spoken corpus of everyday conversations. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 22(3): 319–344. Crossref link
Manning, C. D. & Schütze, H.
1999Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
Maguire, M.J., Magnon, G., Ogiela, D.A., Egbert, R., Sides, L.
2013The N300 ERP component reveals developmental changes in object and action identification. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience 5: 1-9. Crossref link
McEnery, T. & Wilson A.
1996Corpus Linguistics: An Introduction. Edinburgh: EUP.
Melʹčuk, I. A.
1988Dependency Syntax: Theory and Practice. Albany NY: State University of Ney York Press.
Meyer, C. F.
2002English Corpus Linguistics: An Introduction. Cambridge: CUP. Crossref link
Meyer, D. E. & Ellis, G. B.
1970Parallel processes in word-recognition. Paper presented at the meeting of the Psychonomic Society, San Antonio, TX.
Meyer, D. E. & Schvanefeldt, R. W.
1971Facilitation in recognizing pairs of words; evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90(2): 227–234. Crossref link
Milberg, W. & Blumstein, S. E.
1981Lexical decision and aphasia: Evidence for semantic processing. Brain and Language 14(2): 371–385. Crossref link
Molfese, D. L. & Molfese, V. J.
1997Discrimination of language skills at five years of age using event-related potentials recorded at birth. Developmental Neuropsychology 13(2): 135–156. Crossref link
Molinaro, N. & Carreiras M.
2010Electrophysiological evidence of interaction between contextual expectations and semantic integration during the processing of collocations. Biological Psychology 83(3): 176–190. Crossref link
Murray, E.
1977Caught in the Web of Words. James Murray and the Oxford English Dictionary. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Nattinger, J. R. & DeCarrico, J. S.
1992Lexical Phrases and Language Teaching. Oxford: OUP.
Nesselhauf, N.
2003The use of collocations by advanced learners of English and some implications for teaching. Applied Linguistics 24(2): 223–242. Crossref link
2005Collocations in a Learner Corpus [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 14]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Nicholls, D.
2003The Cambridge Learner Corpus – Error coding and analysis for lexicography and ELT. In Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2003 Conference (CL 2003), D. Archer, P. Rayson, A. Wilson & T. McEnery (eds), 572–581. Lancaster: Lancaster University.
Ogawa, S., Lee, T. M., Kay, A. R. & Tank, D. W.
1990Brain magnetic resonance imaging with contrast dependent on blood oxygenation. PNAS 87(24): 9868–9872. Crossref link
Ojima, S., Nakata, H. & Kakigi, R.
2005An ERP study of second language learning after childhood: Effects of proficiency. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 17(8): 1212–1228. Crossref link
Osterhout, L., McLaughlin, J., Pitkänen, I., Frenck-Mestre, C. & Molinaro, N.
2006Novice learners, longitudinal designs, and event-related potentials: A means for exploring the neurocognition of second language processing. Language Learning 56(s1): 199–230. Crossref link
Paquot, M. & Granger, S.
2012Formulaic language in learner corpora. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 32: 130–149. Crossref link
Pawley, A. & Syder, F. H.
1983Two puzzles for linguistic theory: Nativelike selection and nativelike fluency. In Language and Communication, J. C. Richards & R. W. Schmidt (eds), 191–25. London: Longman.
Paterson, K. B., Liversedge IV, S. P. & Underwood, G.
1999The influence of focus operators in syntactic processing of short relative clauses. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology – Section A 52(3): 717–737. Crossref link
Paulmann, S., Elston-Güttler, K. E., Gunter, T. C. & Kotz, S. A.
2006Is bilingual lexical access influenced by language context? Neuroreport 17(7): 727–731. Crossref link
Radach, R. & Kennedy, A.
2004Theoretical perspectives on eye movements in reading: past controversies, current issues, and an agenda for future research. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 16(1): 3–26. Crossref link
Rayner, K.
1984Visual perception in reading, picture perception, and visual search – A tutorial. Attention and Performance 10: 67–96.
1998Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research. Psychological Bulletin 124(3): 372. Crossref link
Rayner, K. & Duffy, S. A.
1986Lexical complexity and fixation times in reading: Effects of word frequency, verb complexity, and lexical ambiguity. Memory and Cognition 14(3): 191–201. Crossref link
Rayner, K., Sereno, S. C., Morris, R. K., Schmauder, A. R. & Clifton Jr., C.
1989Eye movements and on-line language comprehension processes. Language and Cognitive Processes 4(3–4): SI21–SI49.
Rispens, J. & Krikhaar, E.
2010Using event-related potentials in language acquisition research. In Experimental Methods in Language Acquisition Research [Language Learning & Language Teaching 27], E. Blom & S. Unsworth (eds), 95–114. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Römer, U.
2007Learner language and the norms in native corpora and EFL teaching materials: A case study of English conditionals. In Anglistentag 2006 Halle. Proceedings, S. Volk-Birke & J. Lippert (eds), 355–363. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier.
Schaeffer, B. & Wallace, R.
1970The comparison of word meanings. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86(2): 144–152. Crossref link
Schilk, M.
2006Collocations in Indian English: A corpus-based sample analysis. Anglia 124(2): 276–316. Crossref link
2009Structural Nativization in Indian English Lexicogrammar. A Corpus-based Study. PhD dissertation, Justus-Liebig University, Giessen.
2011Structural Nativization in Indian English Lexicogrammar [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 46]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Schilk, M., Mukherjee, J., Nam, C. & Mukherjee, S.
2013Complementation of ditransitive verbs in South Asian Englishes: A multifactorial analysis. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 9(2): 187–225. Crossref link
Schmidtke, D., Van Dyke, J. A. & Kuperman, V.
2018Individual variability in the semantic processing of English compound words. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 44(3): 421–439.
Schmitt, N., Grandage, S. & Adolphs, S.
2004Are corpus-derived recurrent clusters psycholinguistically valid? In Formulaic Sequences. Acquisition, Processing and Use [Language Learning & Language Teaching 9], N. Schmitt (ed.), 127–152. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Schütze, C. T.
1996The Empirical Base of Linguistics. Grammaticality Judgement and Linguistic Methodology. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.
Sedivy, J. C.
2010Using eyetracking in language acquisition research. In Experimental Methods in Language Acquisition Research [Language Learning & Language Teaching 27], E. Blom & S. Unsworth (eds), 115–138. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Sereno, S. C. & Rayner, K.
2003Measuring word recognition in reading: Eye movements and event-related potentials. TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences 7(11): 489–493. Crossref link
Sereno, S. C., Rayner, K. & Posner, M. I.
1998Establishing a time-line of word recognition: Evidence from eye-movements and event-related potentials. NeuroReport 9: 2195–2200. Crossref link
Silva-Pereyra, J. F. & Carreiras, M.
2007An ERP study of agreement features in Spanish. Brain Research 1185(2007): 201–211. Crossref link
Sinclair, J. M.
1987 (Ed.). Looking up. An Account of the COBUILD Project in Lexical Computing. Glasgow: Collins.
1991Corpus, Concordance, Collocation. Oxford: OUP.
2004Trust the Text: Language, Corpus and Discourse. London: Routledge.
2008Preface. In Phraseology. An Interdisciplinary Perspective, S. Granger & F. Meunier (eds), xv–xviii. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Sinclair, J. M., Jones, S. & Delay, R.
1970[2004]English lexical studies: Report to OSTI on project C/LP/08. In English Collocation Studies. The OSTI Report, J. M. Sinclair, S. Jones & R. Daley (eds). London: Continuum.
Sitnikova, T., Holcomb, P. J., Kiyonaga, K. A. & Kuperberg, G. R.
2008Two neurocognitive mechanisms of semantic integration during the comprehension of visual real-world events. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 20(11): 2037–2057. Crossref link
Siyanova-Chanturia, A., Conklin, K. & Schmitt, N.
2011Adding more fuel to the fire: an eye-tracking study of idiom processing by native and non-native speakers. Second Language Research 27(2): 251–272. Crossref link
Szmrecsanyi, B. & Kortmann, B.
2009Vernacular universals and angloversals in a typological perspective. In Vernacular Universals and Language Contact, M. Filppula, J. Klemola & H. Paulasto (eds), 33–55. New York NY: Routledge.
Steinbügl. B.
2005Deutsch-englische Kollokationen: Erfassung in zweisprachigen Wörterbüchern und Grenzen der korpusbasierten Analyse. Tübingen: Niemeyer. Crossref link
Stubbs, M.
2009Technology and phraseology – With notes on the history of corpus linguistics. In Exploring the Lexis-Grammar Interface [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 35], U. Römer & R. Schulze (eds), 15–32. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Stuellein, N., Radach, R. R., Jacobs, A. M. & Hofmann, M. J.
2016No one way ticket from orthography to semantics in reccognition memory: N400 and P200 effects of association. Brain Research 1639: 88–98. Crossref link
Sunderman, G. & Kroll, J. F.
2006First language activation during second language access: An investigation of lexical form, meaning and grammatical class. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 28(3): 387–422. Crossref link
Tummers, J., Heylen, K. & Geeraerts, D.
2005Usage-based approaches in Cognitive Linguistics: A technical state of the art review. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 1(2): 225–261. Crossref link
Underwood, G., Schmitt, N. & Galpin, A.
2004The eyes have it – An eye movement study into the processing of formulaic sequences. In Formulaic Sequences. Acquisition, Processing and Use [Language Learning & Language Teaching 9], N. Schmitt (ed.), 153–172. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Vinogradov, V. V.
1947Ob osnovnych tipach frazeologičeskich jedinic v russkom jazyke. In Izbrannyje trudy. Leksikologija i leksikografija, V. V. Vinogradov (ed.), 140–161. Moscow: Nauka.
, M. L-H. & Wolfe, J.
2013Differential ERP signatures elicited by semantic and syntactic processing in scenes. Psychological Science 24(9): 1816–1823. Crossref link
Vogel, E. K. & Luck, S. J.
2000The visual N1 component as an index of a discrimination process. Psychophysiology 37: 190–203. Crossref link
Wagner, S.
2002Verbales Arbeitsgedächtnis und die Verarbeitung ambiger Wörter in Wort- und Satzkontexten [MPI Series in Cognitive Neuroscience 33]. Leipzig: MPI.
Wasow. T. & Arnold, J.
2005Intuitions in linguistic argumentation. Lingua 115(11): 1481–1496. Crossref link
Weber-Fox, C. M. & Neville, H. J.
1996Maturational constraints on functional specializations for language processing: ERP and behavioral evidence in bilingual speakers. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 8:(3). Crossref link
Wlotko, E. W. & Federmeier, K. D.
2007Finding the right word: Hemispheric assymetries in the use of sentence context information. Neuropsychologia 45: 3001–3014. Crossref link
Zangl, R. & Fernald, A.
2007Increasing flexibility in Children’s online processing of grammatical and nonce determiners in fluent speech. Language Learning and Development 3(3): 199–231. Crossref link
Subjects
BIC Subject: CFDC – Language acquisition
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2020002549