Linguistic Landscape | An international journal

Main information
ORCID logoElana Shohamy | Tel Aviv University, Israel | elana at
ORCID logoRobert Blackwood | University of Liverpool, UK | robert.blackwood at
Editor Emeritus
ORCID logoEliezer Ben-Rafael | Tel Aviv University, Israel
Associate Editors
ORCID logoJackie Jia Lou | Birkbeck, University of London, UK
ORCID logoDavid Malinowski | San José State University, USA
ORCID logoAmiena Peck | University of the Western Cape, South Africa
Book Review Editor
ORCID logoKellie Gonçalves | University of Bern, Switzerland
In this day and age languages surround us everywhere; languages appear in flashy advertisements and commercials, names of buildings, streets and shops, instructions and warning signs, graffiti and cyber space. The dynamic field of Linguistic Landscape (LL) attempts to understand the motives, uses, ideologies, language varieties and contestations of multiple forms of ‘languages’ as they are displayed in public spaces. The rapidly growing research in LL grants it increasing importance within the field of language studies. LL research is grounded in a variety of theories, from politics and sociology to linguistics, and education, geography, economics, and law. The peer reviewed journal, Linguistic Landscape. An international journal (LL), publishes highly rigorous research anchored in a variety of disciplines. It is open to all research methodologies (e.g., qualitative, quantitative and others) and concerned with all domains and perspectives of LL. It will also include thematic issues around a given topic, book reviews and discussion forums.

LL publishes its articles Online First.

ISSN: 2214-9953 | E-ISSN: 2214-9961
DOI logo
Latest articles

24 May 2023

  • The prominence of English in the Linguistic Landscape of Jamshedpur
    Sneha Mishra
  • 2 May 2023

  • Martina Bellinzona . 2021. Linguistic Landscape. Panorami urbani e scolastici nel XXI secolo
    Reviewed by Marcella Uberti-Bona
  • 11 April 2023

  • Contextual graffiti and collective action frames at the Chilean social outbreak in 2019
    Melisa Miranda Correa
  • 10 February 2023

  • Assessing the place of minoritized languages in postcolonial contexts using the Linguistic Landscape : The role of ethnographic information
    Bettina Migge
  • 3 February 2023

  • Tong King Lee . 2022. Choreographies of Multilingualism: Writing and language ideology in Singapore
    Reviewed by James Chonglong Gu
  • 19 January 2023

  • Seyed Hadi Mirvahedi (Ed.). 2022. Linguistic Landscapes in South-East Asia: The Politics of Language and Public Signage
    Reviewed by Chaojun Ma
  • 19 December 2022

  • Manoeuvres of dissent in landscapes of annexation
    Natalia Volvach | LL 9:2 (2023) pp. 113–132
  • 13 December 2022

  • The temporality of commodified landscapes at events & local constructions of identity in Salzburg
    Konstantin Niehaus
  • 25 November 2022

  • Bernard Dov Spolsky (1932–2022) : An appreciation
    Jeffrey L. Kallen | LL 9:1 (2023) pp. 1–4
  • 22 November 2022

  • Language, translocality and urban change : Online and offline signage in four Gothenburg neighbourhoods
    Tove Rosendal , Helle Lykke Nielsen , Johan Järlehed , Tommaso M. Milani Maria Löfdahl | LL 9:2 (2023) pp. 181–210
  • 15 November 2022

  • Women in Signs : A Linguistic Landscape analysis of red-light districts in Ermita-Malate, Manila
    Katrina Ninfa M. Topacio | LL 9:2 (2023) pp. 158–180
  • 7 November 2022

  • ‘Beirut you will rise again’ : A critical discourse historiographical analysis of the Beiruti Linguistic Landscape
    Fares J. Karam , Amanda K. Kibler , Amber N. Warren Zinnia Shweiry | LL 9:2 (2023) pp. 133–157
  • 15 September 2022

  • Robert Blackwood Deirdre A. Dunlevy (eds.). 2021. Multilingualism in public space: Empowering and transforming communities
    Reviewed by Samantha Goodchild | LL 9:2 (2023) pp. 211–214
  • Patricia Gubitosi Michelle F. Ramos Pellicia (Eds.). 2021. Linguistic Landscape in the Spanish-speaking World
    Reviewed by Durk Gorter | LL 9:2 (2023) pp. 215–217
  • 1 September 2022

  • Scaling the pandemic dispositive : A multimodal analysis of mask-requirement signs during 2020
    Jannis Androutsopoulos | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 131–148
  • ‘Together, soon enough’ : Melbourne’s affective-discursive landscape during and since lockdown
    Joseph Comer | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 149–167
  • A sign in the window : Social norms and community resilience through handmade signage in the age of Covid-19
    Gordon C. C. Douglas | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 184–201
  • (Un)masking Seoul : The mask as a static and dynamic semiotic device for renegotiating space
    Eldin Milak | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 233–247
  • Signs at work : New labor relations and structures of feeling in Washington, D.C.’s Covid landscape
    Gabriella Modan Katie J. Wells | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 281–298
  • Citizen Linguistic Landscape, bordering practices, and semiotic ideology in the COVID-19 pandemic
    Prem Phyak Bal Krishna Sharma | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 219–232
  • Covid-19 and public responsibility : A multimodal critical discourse analysis of blaming the public during the UK’s third wave
    Louis Strange | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 168–183
  • Complicating solidarity : The Hong Kong Covid-19 landscape
    Andre Joseph Theng , Vincent Wai Sum Tse Jasper Zhao Zhen Wu | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 264–280
  • Hybrid places : The reconfiguration of domestic space in the time of Covid-19
    Stefania Tufi | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 202–218
  • Aggressive banners, dialect-shouting village heads, and their online fame : Construction and consumption of rural Linguistic Landscapes in China’s anti-Covid campaign
    Feifei Zhou | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 248–263
  • The Linguistic Landscape of Covid-19
    Jackie Jia Lou , David Malinowski Amiena Peck | LL 8:2-3 (2022) pp. 123–130
  • 11 July 2022

  • Legitimization and recontextualization of languages : The imbalance of powers in a multilingual landscape
    Gabriel Simungala Hambaba Jimaima | LL 9:1 (2023) pp. 36–58
  • 24 May 2022

  • Greg Niedt Corinne A. Seals (Eds). 2021. Linguistic Landscapes beyond the Language Classroom
    Reviewed by Judith Purkarthofer | LL 9:1 (2023) pp. 110–112
  • 20 May 2022

  • Diane Elizabeth Johnson . 2021. Linguistic Landscaping and the Pacific Region: Colonization, indigenous identities, and critical discourse theory
    Reviewed by Guangxiang Liu | LL 9:1 (2023) pp. 107–109
  • 15 February 2022

  • Does the Linguistic Landscape influence happiness? Framing perceptions of language signs among speech communities in Germany
    Connor Malloy | LL 9:1 (2023) p. 86
  • 8 February 2022

  • Towards a taxonomy of arguments for and against street renaming : Exploring the discursive embedding of street name changes in the Leipzig cityscape
    Isabelle Buchstaller , Carolin Schneider Seraphim Alvanides | LL 9:1 (2023) p. 5
  • 19 January 2022

  • Social actors in the Singaporean LL : Sign uptake, market ideology, and language hierarchies
    Anna Tsiola | LL 9:1 (2023) pp. 59–85
  • 12 January 2022

  • David Malinowski , Hiram H. Maxim Sébastian Dubreil (Eds.). 2020. Language Teaching in the Linguistic Landscape: Mobilizing Pedagogy in Public Space
    Reviewed by Marion Mathier | LL 8:1 (2022) pp. 118–121
  • 20 December 2021

  • Degrees of authenticity : Emulation, hybridity, and place-making in Vietnamese landscapes
    Anh Khoi Nguyen | LL 8:1 (2022) p. 85
  • Shonna Trinch Edward Snajdr . 2020. What the signs say: reading a changing Brooklyn
    Reviewed by Johan Järlehed | LL 8:1 (2022) pp. 114–117
  • IssuesOnline-first articles

    Volume 9 (2023)

    Volume 8 (2022)

    Volume 7 (2021)

    Volume 6 (2020)

    Volume 5 (2019)

    Volume 4 (2018)

    Volume 3 (2017)

    Volume 2 (2016)

    Volume 1 (2015)

    Editorial Board
    ORCID logoJannis Androutsopoulos | University of Hamburg
    ORCID logoMonica Barni | University for Foreigners, Siena, Italy
    ORCID logoJasone Cenoz | University of the Basque Country, Spain
    Rebecca T. Garvin | University of Tennessee Southern
    ORCID logoDurk Gorter | University of the Basque Country, Spain
    David I. Hanauer | Indiana University of Pennsylvania, USA
    ORCID logoChristine Hélot | University of Strasbourg, France
    ORCID logoThom Huebner | San José State University, USA
    ORCID logoAdam Jaworski | University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    ORCID logoRodney H. Jones | University of Reading, UK
    ORCID logoJeffrey L. Kallen | Trinity College, Ireland
    Patricia Lamarre | University of Montreal, Canada
    ORCID logoElizabeth Lanza | University of Oslo, Norway
    ORCID logoJennifer Leeman | George Mason University, USA
    ORCID logoTommaso M. Milani | The Pennsylvania State University, USA
    ORCID logoGabriella Modan | The Ohio State University, USA
    ORCID logoLuisa Martín Rojo | University Autónoma of Madrid, Spain
    Laurence Mettewie | University of Namur, Belgium
    ORCID logoAneta Pavlenko | University of Oslo, Norway
    ORCID logoAlastair Pennycook | University of Technology, Sydney, Australia
    ORCID logoSari Pietikäinen | University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    ORCID logoBernard Spolsky † | Bar Ilan University, Israel
    Christopher Stroud | University of the Western Cape, South Africa
    ORCID logoCrispin Thurlow | University of Bern, Switzerland
    ORCID logoStefania Tufi | University of Liverpool, UK
    Shoshi Waksman | Levinsky College of Education, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Hirut Woldemaram | Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    Subscription Info
    Current issue: 9:2, available as of March 2023

    General information about our electronic journals.

    Subscription rates

    All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

    Online-only Print + online
    Volume 9 (2023): 4 issues; ca. 400 pp. EUR 235.00 EUR 265.00

    Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 70.00 (online‑only:  EUR 65.00)
    Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

    Available back-volumes

    Online-only Print + online
    Complete backset
    (Vols. 1‒8; 2015‒2022)
    24 issues;
    2,400 pp.
    EUR 1,525.00 EUR 1,704.00
    Volumes 6‒8 (2020‒2022) 3 issues; avg. 300 pp. EUR 198.00 per volume EUR 223.00 per volume
    Volume 5 (2019) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 194.00 EUR 219.00
    Volume 4 (2018) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 188.00 EUR 213.00
    Volume 3 (2017) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 183.00 EUR 207.00
    Volume 2 (2016) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 183.00 EUR 201.00
    Volume 1 (2015) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 183.00 EUR 195.00

    Manuscripts can be submitted through the journal's online submission and manuscript tracking site. Please consult the guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors before you submit your paper.

    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors by e-mail: Elana Shohamy, at elana at and Robert Blackwood, at Robert.Blackwood at

    Articles under consideration are double-blind peer-reviewed and decisions on all published content are made by the editors.


    John Benjamins journals are committed to maintaining the highest standards of publication ethics and to supporting ethical research practices. Please read this Ethics Statement.

    Rights and Permissions

    Authors must ensure that they have permission to use any third-party material in their contribution; the permission should include perpetual (not time-limited) world-wide distribution in print and electronic format.

    For information on authors' rights, please consult the rights information page.

    Open Access

    For information about permission to post a version of your article online or in an institutional repository ('green' open access or self-archiving), please consult the rights information page.

    This journal offers the possibility for accepted papers to be published Open Access through payment of an Article Publication Charge (APC) of EUR 1800 (excl. tax); more information can be found on the publisher's Open Access Policy page.

    Corresponding authors from institutions with which John Benjamins has a Read & Publish arrangement can publish Open Access without paying a fee; information on the institutions and which articles qualify, can be found on this page.


    John Benjamins Publishing Company has an agreement in place with Portico for the archiving of all its online journals and e-books.


    1. Authors wishing to submit articles for publication in Lingusitic Language are requested to do so through the journal’s  online submission and manuscript tracking site All other inquiries should be directed towards the editors by e-mailing the journal at: Elana Shohamy, at elana at and Robert Blackwood, at Robert.Blackwood at

    2. Submissions should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) 6th edition. Submissions that do not follow the APA style or that do not correspond to the focus of LL will be returned to authors without review.

    3. Contributions must be in English. Spelling should be either American English or British English and should be consistent throughout the paper. If not written by a native speaker, it is advisable to have the paper checked by a native speaker prior to submission.

    4. All articles published in this journal are double-blind peer reviewed. Self-identifying citations and references in the article text should either be avoided or left blank when manuscripts are first submitted. Authors are responsible for reinserting self-identifying citations and references when manuscripts are prepared for final submission.

    5. For initial submission, authors should submit their MANUSCRIPT in electronic form in Word only, double-spaced with 3 cm/1 inch margins. While submitting the manuscript, authors must provide a concise and informative title of the article; the name, affiliation, and address of each author; a self-contained abstract in English (100-150 words) that should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references, and five to ten keywords to be used for indexing purposes.

    6. Submissions should be approximately 8,500 words long.

    7. Upon acceptance, the author will be requested to furnish the FINAL VERSION in electronic form (Word).

    8. Authors are responsible for observing copyright laws when quoting or reproducing material. The copyright of articles published in APLV is held by the publisher. Permission for the author to use the article elsewhere will be granted by the publisher provided full acknowledgement is given to the source.

    9. Authors should provide the final version of the 100-150 word abstract in English and at least one other language.

    10. Papers should be reasonably divided into sections and, if appropriate, subsections. The headings of these subsections should be numbered in Arabic numerals (1.; 1.1.; 1.1.1.). Authors are advised not to use more than three levels of displayed headings.

    11. Images should be submitted as reproducible originals. They should be of the highest quality, numbered consecutively, appropriate captions should be provided, an be limited to a maximum of 10 per article. If there is need for more images you should first get in touch with the editors. Reference to the images should be given in the appropriate place where they should appear.

    12. TABLES should be numbered consecutively and should be referred to in the main text. TABLES should be created with Word’s table function, not as spreadsheets.

    13. NOTES should appear as ENDNOTES and should be concise, kept to a minimum, and numbered consecutively throughout the paper.

    14. REFERENCES in the text should be formatted according to APA style:

    A Work by Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses.

    Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports...

    Research supports…. (Wegener & Petty, 1994)

    A Work by Three to Five Authors: List all the authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses the first time you cite the source.

    (Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry, & Harlow, 1993)

    In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses.

    (Kernis et al., 1993)

    In et al. , et should not be followed by a period.

    Six or More Authors: Use the first author’s name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses.

    Harris et al. (2001) argued...

    (Harris et al., 2001)

    Two or More Works in the Same Parentheses: When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them the same way they appear in the reference list, separated by a semi-colon. That means that they are in alphabetical, not chronological order.

    (Berndt, 2002; Harlow, 1983)

    Authors With the Same Last Name: To prevent confusion, use first initials with the last names.

    (E. Johnson, 2001; L. Johnson, 1998)

    Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation.

    Research by Berndt (1981a) illustrated that...

    Book (monograph):

    Montrul, S.A. (2008). Incomplete acquisition in bilingualism. Re-examining the age factor. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.


    Anderson, B. (2002). The fundamental equivalence of native and interlanguage grammars: Evidence from argument licensing and adjective position. Unpublished dotoral dissertation, Indiana University.

    Book (edited volume):

    Brinton, D., Kagan, O., & Bauckus, S. (Eds.). (2008). Heritage language education. A new field emerging. London: Routledge.

    Article (in book):

    Bullock, B.E., & Toribio, A.J. (2009). Trying to hit a moving target: On the sociophonetics of code-switching. In L. Isurin, D. Winford, & K. de Bot (Eds.), Multidisciplinary approaches to code switching (pp. 189-206). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

    Articles (in journal):

    Grosjean, F. (1998). Studying bilinguals. Methodological and conceptual issues. Bilingualism, Language and Cognition, 1(2), 131-149.

    Bobaljik, J.D., & Wurmbrand, S. (2002). Notes on agreement in Itelmen. Linguistic Discovery, 1(1). Available from

    Electronic, online sources:

    Liberman, M. (2006). Uptalk is not HRT. Language Log, 28 March 2006, retrieved on 30 March, from

    15. Authors are kindly requested to check their manuscripts very carefully before submission in order to avoid delays in publication. The first author will receive a PDF file with page proofs for final correction. One set must be returned with corrections by the dates determined by the publication schedule. Any author’s alterations other than typographical corrections in the page proofs may be charged to the author.

    16. Authors of main articles will receive a complimentary copy of the issue in which their paper appears.



    Communication Studies

    Communication Studies

    Main BIC Subject

    CF: Linguistics

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General