Reanalysis of contrastive -wa in Japanese
Perspectives from newspaper articles
This paper examines the behavior of contrastive –wa in Japanese written discourse. While supporting its local nature (Clancy and Downing 1987), the paper argues, based on a survey of newspapers, that localness alone is not sufficient to understand the nature of contrast. It proposes that the use of contrastive –wa is motivated by how the writer perceives the world, or what Chafe (1994) calls ‘conscious experience’. We propose literal opposition, evaluation, association, and conflict as its main components. In the final part, the paper relates the results to the recent study on Contrastive Topic (Lee 1999, 2000, 2003), stating that the CT-approach is still unable to account for the entire range of phenomena discovered. The paper suggests that the discrepancies arise because of the fact that natural data integrates the writer’s context-specific intentions, to which priority is not given in formalistic approaches.
Keywords: Written discourse, Conscious experience, Contrastive –wa, Speaker/writer, Contrastive Topic
Available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) 4.0 license.
Published online: 01 September 2003
(1995) Aspect and text structure. Linguistics 33: 213-253. BoP
(1994) Discourse, consciousness, and time. The flow and displacement of conscious experience in speaking and writing. Chicago/London: The University of Chicago Press. BoP
Clancy, Patricia M., and Pamela Downing
van Dijk, Teun A.
Dooley, Robert, and Stephen H. Levinsohn
Hinds, John, Senko K. Maynard, Shoichi Iwasaki
(eds.) (1987) Perspectives on Topicalization. The Case of Japanese ‘wa’. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. BoP
Hobbs, Jerry R.
Hodge, Robert, and Gunther Kress
(1993) Language as Ideology [second edition]. London: Routledge. BoP
Linell, Per, and Natascha Korolija
Longacre, Robert E.
(1996) The Grammar of discourse [second edition]. New York/London: Plenum Press. BoP
(1999) Definiteness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. BoP
(2002) In the name of a vessel: Emotive perspectives in the reporting of the Ehime Maru-Greeneville collision in a Japanese newspaper. Linguistics 40.5: 1047-1086. BoP
(1992) Aspects of a cognitive-pragmatic theory of language. On cognition, functionalism, and grammar. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. BoP
Schwenter, Scott. A.
Sweetser, Eve E.
(1990) From etymology to pragmatics. Metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. BoP
Cited by other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 14 january 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.