The Mysterious Address Term anata 'you' in Japanese

| Victoria University of Wellington
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027210500 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027258922 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
 
The use of the second person singular pronoun anata ‘you’ in modern Japanese has long been regarded as mysterious and problematic, generating contradictory nuances such as polite, impolite, intimate, and distancing. Treated as a troublesome pronoun, scholars have searched for a semantically loaded meaning in anata, under the assumption that all Japanese personal reference terms involve social indexicality. This book takes a new approach, revealing that anata is in fact semantically simple and its powerful expressivity is explained only in pragmatic terms. In doing so, the study brings to bear a thorough understanding of key issues in pragmatics, such as common ground, sociocultural norms, and shared understandings, in order to fully grasp the meaning and usage of this single linguistic item. This book will be of interest to scholars and students in a range of linguistic fields, such as semantics, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, discourse analysis, anthropological linguistics, linguistic typology, cultural linguistics, as well as applied linguistics.
[Topics in Address Research, 4]  2021.  xv, 208 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
xi–xii
Abbreviations
xiii
List of figures
xv
List of tables
xvii
Chapter 1. Introduction
2–36
Chapter 2. The history of anata, person reference terms in Japanese, and social norms in Japanese communication
38–66
Chapter 3. The perceptions of native speakers
68–90
Chapter 4. Absolute specification in a socially undefinable relationship
92–116
Chapter 5. Absolute specification in a socially definable relationship
118–144
Chapter 6. Ideology, identity, reflexive processes, and the use of anata
146–170
Chapter 7. Conclusion
172–174
References
175–190
Data Sources
193–194
Appendix
195–200
Name index
201
Subject index
203–208
References

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Resources

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Chuutoo-gakkoo Sahoo Yookoo Kaisetsu
[Educational Guidelines for Secondary Schools] 1933 Tokyo: Teikoku Jikkoo Kyooikukai ‘The Japan Society for the Study of Education’.Google Scholar
Reihoo Yookoo
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Korekara no Keigo
[Honorifics for the Future] 1952 Tokyo: Kokugo Shingikai ‘The National Language Council of Japan’. https://​www​.bunka​.go​.jp​/kokugo​_nihongo​/sisaku​/joho​/joho​/kakuki​/01​/tosin06​/index​.html

Online news

Ameba News
2013, November 16. Toshiue toiu dake de keii o harau? Wakamono no kotae wa oomune iesu [Do you give respect only because someone is older than you? The answer from young people is mostly ‘yes’]. Retrieved from http://​news​.ameba​.jp​/20131116​-99/
MyVoice
2015, January 15. Famirii resutoran, famiresu [Family restaurant]. Retrieved from https://​www​.myvoice​.co​.jp​/biz​/surveys​/20806​/index​.html
NHK Kininaru Kotoba
2012, October 10. Anata to iwareru no wa fukai? [Are you unconformable with being referred to as anata?]. Retrieved from http://​www​.nhk​.or​.jp​/kininaru​-blog/
Yomiuri Hatsugen Komachi
2012, April 16. Anata to yobu hito fukai janai desu ka [Don’t you feel uncomfortable with people who use anata?]. Retrieved from https://​komachi​.yomiuri​.co​.jp​/t​/2012​/0415​/499584​.htm

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, 1st edn. 1955 Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
, 4th edn. 1991 Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
, 5st edn. 1998 Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
, 6st edn. 2008 Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
, 7st edn. 2018 Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
Oobunsha Hyoojun Kokugo Jiten
1992 Tokyo: Obunsha.Google Scholar
Sanseidoo Reikai Shin Kokugo Jiten
1995 Tokyo: Sanseido.Google Scholar
Sanseidoo Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten
1992 Tokyo: Sanseido.Google Scholar
Shoogakkan Gendai Kokugo Reikai Jiten
1997 Tokyo: Shogakkan.Google Scholar
Shoogakkan Nihon Kokugo Daijiten
2001 Tokyo: Shogakkan.Google Scholar
Shuueisha Kokugo Jiten
1993 Tokyo: Shueisha.Google Scholar

Novels

Futabatei, Shimei
1984 [1887]Ukigumo [Drifting clouds]. In Futabatei Shimei zenshuu [Collected works of Futabatei Shimei]. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
Natsume, Soseki
1975 [1905]Wagahai wa neko dearu. In Natsume Soseki shu [Collection of Soseki Natsume]. Tokyo: Chikuma Shobo.Google Scholar
1976 [1914]Kokoro [Heart]. In Natsume Soseki shu [Collection of Soseki Natsume]. Tokyo: Chikuma Shobo.Google Scholar
Nitta, Jiro
1969Kokoo no hito [Solitary person]. Tokyo: Shinchosha.Google Scholar
Shinkawa, Kazue
1997 [1966]Watashi o tabanenaide [Don’t bundle me up]. Tokyo: Dowasha.Google Scholar

Data Sources

Conversation corpus

Usami, Mayumi
2007The Corpus of Japanese Spoken Language from ‘Basic Transcription System for Japanese’ ― Japanese Conversation 1: Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.Google Scholar

Diet minutes

Kokkai Kaigiroku Kensaku Shisutemu
Minutes of the Japanese Diet Retrieval System]. Online at http://​kokkai​.ndl​.go​.jp/

TV dramas

Kaneko, Shigeki, Tamio Hayashi, & Chiho Watanabe
2005Kiken na Aneki [My Dangerous Older Sister]. Fuji Television Network.Google Scholar
Kosawa, Ryota
2012Riigaru Hai [Legal High]. Fuji Television Network.Google Scholar
Muto, Shogo
2013Kazoku Geemu [Family Game]. Fuji Television Network.Google Scholar
Yukawa, Kazuhiko
2011Kaseifu no Mita [Housekeeper Mita]. Nippon TV.Google Scholar

Newspaper articles

Anata: Meue niwa tsukawanai
[ Anata: Not to be used towards a superior] 1976, Yomiuri Shimbun, October 15, p.22.Google Scholar
Anata: Sairyoo no nininshoo desu
[ Anata: The best second person reference term] 1976, Yomiuri Shimbun, October 15, p.22.Google Scholar
Anata: Depaato dewa kinku
[ Anata: A taboo word in department stores] 1976, Yomiuri Shimbun, October 19, p.22.Google Scholar
Anata: Yawarakai hibiki seikoo
[ Anata: Successfully sounding soft] 1976, Yomiuri Shimbun, October 26, p.22.Google Scholar
Anata: Watashi ni uttaeru
[ Anata: Appealing to the individual self] 1976, Yomiuri Shimbun, October 27, p.22.Google Scholar
Anata: no gerakushi
[ Anata: The decline of anata ] 1976, Yomiuri Shimbun, November 4, p.22.Google Scholar
Anata: to yobarete oiya?
[Don’t you like being addressed as anata?] 1983, Asahi Shimbun, September 27, p15.Google Scholar
Anata niwa teikoo kanjimasu
[I feel reluctant to use anata ] 1983, Asahi Shimbun, October 8, p.15.Google Scholar
Makudonarudo, genten kaiki kazoku muke shoohin o kyooka
[McDonald’s, back to the starting point, strengthening family friendly products] 2014, Nihon Keizai Shimbun, February 6. Retrieved from http://​www​.nikkei​.com​/article/
Subjects & Metadata
BIC Subject: CFG – Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis
BISAC Subject: LAN009030 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Pragmatics
ONIX Metadata
ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2021032577 | Marc record