Frequency and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure

Editors
| University of New Mexico
| Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh
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ISBN 9789027229472 (Eur) | EUR 140.00
ISBN 9781588110275 (USA) | USD 210.00
 
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ISBN 9781588110282 (USA) | USD 83.00
 
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A mainstay of functional linguistics has been the claim that linguistic elements and patterns that are frequently used in discourse become conventionalized as grammar. This book addresses the two issues that are basic to this claim: first, the question of what types of elements are frequently used in discourse and second, the question of how frequency of use affects cognitive representations. Reporting on evidence from natural conversation, diachronic change, variability, child language acquisition and psycholinguistic experimentation the original articles in this book support two major principles. First, the content of people’s interactions consists of a preponderance of subjective, evaluative statements, dominated by the use of pronouns, copulas and intransitive clauses. Second, the frequency with which certain items and strings of items are used has a profound influence on the way language is broken up into chunks in memory storage, the way such chunks are related to other stored material and the ease with which they are accessed to produce new utterances.
[Typological Studies in Language, 45]  2001.  vii, 492 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Introduction to frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure
Joan L. Bybee and Paul J. Hopper
1
Part I: Patterns of Use
Transitivity, clause structure, and argument structure: Evidence from conversation
Sandra A. Thompson and Paul J. Hopper
27
Local patterns of subjectivity in person and verb type in American English coversation
Joanne Scheibman
61
Paths to prepositions? A corpus-based study of the acquisition of a lexico-grammatical category
Naomi Hallan
91
Part II: Word-level frequency effects
Lexical diffusion, lexical frequency, and lexical analysis
Betty S. Phillips
123
Exemplar dynamics: Word frequency, lenition and contrast
Janet B. Pierrehumbert
137
Emergent phonotactic generalizations in English and Arabic
Stefan A. Frisch, Nathan R. Large, Bushra Adnan Zawaydeh and David B. Pisoni
159
Ambiguity and frequency effects in regular verb inflection
Mary L. Hare, Michael Ford and William Marslen-Wilson
181
Frequency, regularity and the paradigm: A perspective from Russian on a complex relation
Greville G. Corbett, Andrew Hippisley, Dunstan Brown and Paul Marriott
201
Part III: Phrases and constructions
Probabilistic relations between words: Evidence from reduction in lexical production
Daniel Jurafsky, Alan Bell, Michelle Gregory and William D. Raymond
229
Frequency effects and word-boundary palatization in English
Nathan Bush
255
The role of frequency in the realization of English that
Catie Berkenfield
281
Frequency, iconicity, categorization: Evidence from emerging modals
Manfred G. Krug
309
Frequency effects on French liaison
Joan L. Bybee
337
The role of frequency in the specialization of the English anterior
K. Aaron Smith
361
Hypercorrect pronoun case in English? Cognitive processes that account for pronoun usage
Joyce Tang Boyland
383
Variability, frequency, and productivity in the irrealis domain of French
Shana Poplack
405
Part IV: General
Familiarity, information flow, and linguistic form
Gertraud Fenk-Oczlon
431
Emergentist approaches to language
Brian MacWhinney
449
Inflationary effects in language and elsewhere
Östen Dahl
471
Subject index
481
Name index
487
“The collection contains very insightful articles on the issues of the highest interest to phoneticians, morphologists, syntacticians, cognitive linguists and psycholinguists. They represent the very healthy attitude of the recent years to focus on the question of possible relationships between abstract linguistic structures and issues in performance captured in empirical terms.”
“The most sriking feature of the book is perhaps the wealth of data presented in the articles. In contrast to much other work in contemporary linguistics, in which the researcher's linguistic intuitions often provide the only data source, the authors of the papers in this volume back up their theoretical claims with statistically analyzed data from large corpora, psycholinguistic experiments and linguistic surveys.



The volume presents an important contribution to the growing body of literature in which grammar is seen as a dynamic system that emerges from language use. I was especially impressed by the amount of data presented in the papers and the attention that has been given to methodological issues. Linguistics is often criticized for being non-empirical, but this critique certainly does not hold for the book under review.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  00051912