Palenquero and Spanish in Contact

Exploring the interface

| The Pennsylvania State University
ISBN 9789027204868 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
ISBN 9789027261632 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
Bilingual speakers are normally aware of what language they are speaking or hearing; there is, however, no widely accepted consensus on the degree of lexical and morphosyntactic similarity that defines the psycholinguistic threshold of distinct languages. This book focuses on the Afro-Colombian creole language Palenquero, spoken in bilingual contact with its historical lexifier, Spanish. Although sharing largely cognate lexicons, the languages are in general not mutually intelligible. For example, Palenquero exhibits no adjective-noun or verb-subject agreement, uses pre-verbal tense-mood-aspect particles, and exhibits unbounded clause-final negation. The present study represents a first attempt at mapping the psycholinguistic boundaries between Spanish and Palenquero from the speakers’ own perspective, including traditional native Palenquero speakers, adult heritage speakers, and young native Spanish speakers who are acquiring Palenquero as a second language. The latter group also provides insights into the possible cognitive cost of “de-activating” Spanish morphological agreement as well as the relative efficiency of pre-verbal vs. clause-final negation. In this study, corpus-based analyses are combined with an array of interactive experimental techniques, demonstrating that externally-imposed classifications do not always correspond to speakers’ own partitioning of language usage in their communities.
[Contact Language Library, 56]  2020.  xvii, 318 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Key to glosses
A note on the examples
Chapter 1. The Palenquero language: History and scholarship
Chapter 2. Palenque: Language revitalization and the evolving linguistic ecology
Chapter 3. A brief sketch of Palenquero grammar
Chapter 4. Palenquero-Spanish mixing: Previous observations and new data
Chapter 5. Palenqueros’ thoughts: Language identification tasks
Chapter 6. Palenqueros talk back: Interactive tasks
Chapter 7. Palenquero-Spanish mixing and models of language switching
Chapter 8. Palenquero as a second language: Data and analyses
Chapter 9. A window into Palenquero-Spanish bilingualism: Grammatical gender
Chapter 10. Conclusions
Appendix A. Samples of L2 learners’ written lengua ri Palenge
Appendix B. Examples of written Palenquero in the community
Appendix C. Palenquero consultants


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BIC Subject: CF/2ZP – Linguistics/Pidgins & Creoles
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2019054224