Functions of Language

Functions of Language is an international journal of linguistics which explores the functionalist perspective on the organisation and use of natural language. It publishes articles and reviews books from the full spectrum of functionalist linguistics, seeking to bring out the fundamental unity behind the various schools of thought, while stimulating discussion among functionalists. It encourages the interplay of theory and description, and provides space for the detailed analysis, qualitative or quantitative, of linguistic data from a broad range of languages. Its scope is broad, covering such matters as prosodic phenomena in phonology, the clause in its communicative context, and regularities of pragmatics, conversation and discourse, as well as the interaction between the various levels of analysis. The overall purpose is to contribute to our understanding of how the use of languages in speech and writing has impacted, and continues to impact, upon the structure of those languages.

Functions of Language publishes its articles Online First.

ISSN 0929-998X | E-ISSN 1569-9765
Sample issue: FOL 24:2
Monika Bednarek | University of Sydney
Martin Hilpert | University of Neuchâtel
J. Lachlan Mackenzie | VU University Amsterdam
Review Editor
Wendy L. Bowcher | Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou
Managing Editor
Lobke Ghesquière | University of Mons | lobke.ghesquiere at
Editorial Board
Svenja Adolphs | University of Nottingham
Jóhanna Barðdal | University of Ghent
Dagmar Barth-Weingarten | University of Potsdam
Walter Bisang | Johannes-Gutenberg-University of Mainz
Kasper Boye | University of Copenhagen
Cristiano Broccias | University of Genoa
Alice Caffarel-Cayron | University of Sydney
Cecilia Colombi | UC Davis
Hendrik De Smet | University of Leuven
Holger Diessel | University of Jena
John W. Du Bois | University of California, Santa Barbara
Anita Fetzer | University of Augsburg
Lise Fontaine | University of Cardiff
Cliff Goddard | Griffith University
Francisco Gonzálvez-García | University of Almería
Martin Haspelmath | MPI-SHH Jena
Kees Hengeveld | University of Amsterdam
Liesbet Heyvaert | University of Leuven
Sally Humphrey | Australian Catholic University, North Sydney
Susan Hunston | University of Birmingham
Laura A. Janda | University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Evelien Keizer | University of Vienna
J.R. Martin | University of Sydney
Tanja Mortelmans | University of Antwerp
Stella Neumann | University of Aachen
Dirk Noël | University of Hong Kong
Gerard O’Grady | University of Cardiff
Teresa Oteíza | PUC Santiago
Mary J. Schleppegrell | University of Michigan
Jack Sidnell | University of Toronto
Elena Smirnova | University of Hannover
Gerard J. Steen | University of Amsterdam
Maite Taboada | Simon Fraser University, Vancouver
Freek Van de Velde | University of Leuven
Subscription Info
Current issue: 27:2, available as of August 2020
Next issue: 27:3, expected November 2020

General information about our electronic journals.

Subscription rates

All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

Online-only Print + online
Volume 28 (2021): 3 issues; ca. 375 pp. EUR 283.00 EUR 327.00
Volume 27 (2020): 3 issues; ca. 375 pp. EUR 283.00 EUR 327.00

Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 70.00 (online‑only: EUR 65.00)
Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

Available back-volumes

Online-only Print + online
Complete backset
(Vols. 1‒26; 1994‒2019)
58 issues;
8,250 pp.
EUR 6,097.00 EUR 6,439.00
Volume 26 (2019) 3 issues; 375 pp. EUR 277.00 EUR 321.00
Volume 25 (2018) 3 issues; 375 pp. EUR 269.00 EUR 312.00
Volume 24 (2017) 3 issues; 375 pp. EUR 261.00 EUR 303.00
Volume 23 (2016) 3 issues; 375 pp. EUR 261.00 EUR 294.00
Volume 22 (2015) 3 issues; 375 pp. EUR 261.00 EUR 285.00
Volume 21 (2014) 3 issues; 375 pp. EUR 261.00 EUR 277.00
Volume 20 (2013) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 232.00 EUR 239.00
Volumes 1‒19 (1994‒2012) 2 issues; avg. 300 pp. EUR 225.00 each EUR 232.00 each
IssuesOnline-first articles

Volume 27 (2020)

Volume 26 (2019)

Volume 25 (2018)

Volume 24 (2017)

Volume 23 (2016)

Volume 22 (2015)

Volume 21 (2014)

Volume 20 (2013)

Volume 19 (2012)

Volume 18 (2011)

Volume 17 (2010)

Volume 16 (2009)

Volume 15 (2008)

Volume 14 (2007)

Volume 13 (2006)

Volume 12 (2005)

Volume 11 (2004)

Volume 10 (2003)

Volume 9 (2002)

Volume 8 (2001)

Volume 7 (2000)

Volume 6 (1999)

Volume 5 (1998)

Volume 4 (1997)

Volume 3 (1996)

Volume 2 (1995)

Volume 1 (1994)

Latest articles

6 July 2020

  • Nominalisations in scientific English: A tristratal perspective
    Jing Hao | FOL 27:2 (2020) pp. 143–173
  • Interpersonal functions of interjections: A Systemic Functional perspective
    Yi Jing
  • Competing ditransitive constructions in Enets
    Olesya Khanina & Andrey Shluinsky | FOL 27:3 (2020) pp. 247–279
  • Give as a light verb
    Elena Martínez Caro & Jorge Arús-Hita | FOL 27:3 (2020) pp. 280–306
  • Presupposed evaluation in environmental argumentative discourse
    Gabrina Pounds
  • A systemic functional study of modal verbs in the Chinese clause: Their clausal positions and functions
    Shu Yang
  • 30 June 2020

  • Negation in complement clauses of fear-verbs
    Nina Dobrushina
  • On the status of wh-exclamatives in English
    Bernd Heine, Gunther Kaltenböck & Tania Kuteva | FOL 27:2 (2020) pp. 207–233
  • The role of (historical) pragmatics in the use of response particles: The case of French
    Maj-Britt Mosegaard Hansen | FOL 27:3 (2020) pp. 307–339
  • Ivano Ciardelli, Jeroen GroenendijkFloris Roelofsen. 2019. Inquisitive semantics
    Reviewed by Vít Punčochář
  • 19 June 2020

  • Wendan Li. 2018. Grounding in Chinese written narrative discourse
    Reviewed by Xiuling Xu | FOL 27:3 (2020) pp. 373–380
  • 16 June 2020

  • Practices of indexing discrepant assumptions with German ich dachte (‘I thought’) in talk-in-interaction
    Arnulf Deppermann & Silke Reineke | FOL 27:2 (2020) pp. 113–142
  • Interacting voices structure a text: A quantitative investigation of dialogic elements across structural units in the introductory chapters of history theses
    Tomoko Sawaki | FOL 27:2 (2020) pp. 174–206
  • 5 June 2020

  • Geoff Thompson, Wendy L. Bowcher, Lise FontaineDavid Schönthal (eds.). 2019. The Cambridge handbook of Systemic Functional Linguistics
    Reviewed by Richard Hudson
  • Vera Benninghoven. 2018. The functions of ‘general nouns’: Theory and corpus analysis
    Reviewed by Charlotte Maekelberghe
  • Talmy Givón. 2017. The story of zero
    Reviewed by Li Xie | FOL 27:2 (2020) pp. 234–245
  • 4 June 2020

  • More than just a modal particle: The enclitic =q’al in Sanzhi Dargwa
    Diana Forker | FOL 27:3 (2020) pp. 340–372
  • How do speakers and hearers disambiguate multi-functional words? The case of well
    Christoph Rühlemann & Stefan Th. Gries
  • 27 May 2020

  • Annabelle Lukin. 2019. War and its ideologies: A social-semiotic theory and description
    Reviewed by Tom Bartlett
  • 15 April 2020

  • Recycling through perspective persistence in Monsang (Trans-Himalayan): Reconstructing the desiderative from a reported intentionality construction
    Linda Konnerth | FOL 27:1 (2020) pp. 55–77
  • Logophoricity and shifts of perspective: New facts and a new account
    Tatiana Nikitina | FOL 27:1 (2020) pp. 78–99
  • Perspective persistence and irregular perspective shift: Mismatches in form-function pairings
    Stef Spronck, An Van linden, Caroline Gentens & María Sol Sansiñena | FOL 27:1 (2020) pp. 1–6
  • Constructional effects of indirect evidential marking in Harakmbut
    An Van linden | FOL 27:1 (2020) p. 7
  • Evidentials and their pivot in Tibetic and neighboring Himalayan languages
    Marius Zemp | FOL 27:1 (2020) pp. 29–54
  • Tom BartlettGerard O’Grady (eds.). 2017. The Routledge handbook of Systemic Functional Linguistics
    Reviewed by Zhigang Yu, Enhua Guo & Zhanting Bu | FOL 27:1 (2020) pp. 100–112
  • 25 November 2019

  • Evidentiality in adverbs of manner of perceivability: The case of English manifestly, noticeably, patently and visibly
    Marta Carretero | FOL 26:3 (2019) pp. 275–307
  • The semantics of evaluational adjectives: Perspectives from Natural Semantic Metalanguage and Appraisal
    Cliff Goddard, Maite Taboada & Radoslava Trnavac | FOL 26:3 (2019) pp. 308–342
  • Language patterns and attitude revisited: Adjective patterns, Attitude and Appraisal
    Hang Su & Susan Hunston | FOL 26:3 (2019) pp. 343–371
  • Lawrence N. Berlin, Elda WeizmanAnita Fetzer (eds.). The dynamics of political discourse: Forms and functions of follow-ups
    Reviewed by Ying Tong & Chaoqun Xie | FOL 26:3 (2019) pp. 372–380
  • 2 August 2019

  • Two distinct sources – one target: A diachronic contrastive study of the grammaticalization of German scheinen and English seem
    Gabriele Diewald & Katerina Stathi | FOL 26:2 (2019) pp. 177–215
  • A diachronic corpus study of prenominal zo’n ‘so a’ in Dutch: Pathways and (inter)subjectification
    Daniël Van Olmen | FOL 26:2 (2019) pp. 216–247
  • The development of the Chinese copula shì construction: A diachronic constructional perspective
    Fangqiong Zhan & Elizabeth Closs Traugott | FOL 26:2 (2019) pp. 139–176
  • Donna R. MillerPaul Bayley (eds.). 2016. Hybridity in Systemic Functional Linguistics: Grammar, text and discursive context
    Reviewed by Tom Bartlett | FOL 26:2 (2019) pp. 248–257
  • Simona Pekarek Doehler, Elwys De StefaniAnne-Sylvie Horlacher (eds.). 2015. Time and emergence in grammar: Dislocation, topicalization and hanging topic in French talk-in-interaction
    Reviewed by Yinmei Li & Yi’na Wang | FOL 26:2 (2019) pp. 258–265
  • Elda WeizmanAnita Fetzer (eds.). 2015. Follow-ups in political discourse: Explorations across contexts and discourse domains
    Reviewed by Chaoqun Xie & Ying Tong | FOL 26:2 (2019) pp. 266–274
  • From the editors
    FOL 26:2 (2019) pp. 137–138
  • 27 May 2019

  • In praise of text analysis: An essay in honour of Margaret Berry’s 80th birthday and the 25th anniversary of Functions of Language
    Elissa Asp | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 35–42
  • Does functional linguistics have a ‘fundamental unity’? Doing things with words in three structural-functional theories
    Christopher S. Butler | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 64–85
  • Textual analysis: Why do it, and where does it take you?
    Eirian Davies | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 43–48
  • English tag questions eliciting knowledge or action: A comparison of the speech function and exchange structure models
    Ditte Kimps, Kristin Davidse & Gerard O’Grady | FOL 26:1 (2019) p. 86
  • The evolutionary origins of interpersonal grammar
    William B. McGregor | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 112–135
  • The author and the text in radically usage-based diachronic construction grammar, or why historical linguists have started analysing text again
    Dirk Noël | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 56–63
  • Do we need more of the same? Some reflections on text analytical research
    Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 49–55
  • What makes a text a text?
    Rebekah Wegener | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 28–34
  • Introduc​tion
    Kristin Davidse, Lise Fontaine & Miriam Taverniers | FOL 26:1 (2019) p. 5
  • Reflections on Functions of Language
    Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 13–14
  • Tributes to Margaret Berry
    Hillary Hillier, Robin Fawcett & Sheena Gardner | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 15–27
  • Preface
    Monika Bednarek, Lobke Ghesquière, Hilde Hasselgård, Martin Hilpert & J. Lachlan Mackenzie | FOL 26:1 (2019) pp. 1–4
  • Guidelines

    Guidelines and general information

    Contributions should be in English. Authors who are not expert users of written academic English should have their text carefully checked by such an expert user (preferably a linguist familiar with the discourse of our discipline) before submitting the paper.

    Before submitting to Functions of Language, please consult this Checklist to make sure that the topic of your contribution is relevant to this journal.

    Manuscripts of articles and reviews must be prepared in accordance with the style sheet. Manuscripts not conforming with the style sheet will not be considered.

    Papers submitted for consideration should not have been published in any form before in any widely available publication, nor may they be under review elsewhere. They will be reviewed by at least two referees. The turnaround time between submission and publication decision will be no more than four months.

    Manuscripts should be submitted via the online submission and tracking system. They should have the .doc, .docx or .rtf format (not .pdf). Please make sure that you have anonymized your paper before you submit it and consult the Short Guide to EM for Authors before you submit your paper.

    Authors of accepted manuscripts will be sent page proofs for correction and are expected to return these promptly.

    All editorial questions should be sent to the Managing Editor:
    Lobke Ghesquière, lobke.ghesquiere at
    University of Mons, Faculty of Translation and Interpretation – Ell, Avenue du Champ de Mars 17, B-7000 MONS, Belgium.

    All questions about book reviews should be sent to the (incoming) Reviews Editor:
    Wendy Bowcher, wendylee at


    John Benjamins journals are committed to maintaining the highest standards of publication ethics and to supporting ethical research practices. Please read this Ethics Statement.


    John Benjamins Publishing Company has an agreement in place with Portico for the archiving of all its online journals and e-books.

    Rights and Permissions

    Authors must ensure that they have permission to use any third-party material in their contribution; the permission should include perpetual (not time-limited) world-wide distribution in print and electronic format.

    For information on authors' rights, please consult the rights information page.

    Open Access

    For information about permission to post a version of your article online or in an institutional repository ('green' open access), please consult the rights information page.

    Functions of Language offers the possibility for accepted papers to be made available under the 'gold' open access model immediately upon publication, after payment of a fee (Article Publication Charge, APC) by or on behalf of the author. For more information, see the open access policy.


    Main BIC Subject

    CF: Linguistics

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General