International Journal of Language and Culture

Main information
ORCID logoEsther Pascual | Shanghai International Studies University | ijlanguageculture at
ORCID logoVera da Silva Sinha | University of Oxford | ijlanguageculture at
Managing Editor
ORCID logoAnaïs Augé | UCLouvain | ijlanguageculture at
Founding Editor
ORCID logoFarzad Sharifian † | Monash University
The aim of the International Journal of Language and Culture (IJoLC) is to disseminate cutting-edge research that explores the interrelationship between language and culture. The journal is multidisciplinary in scope and seeks to provide a forum for researchers interested in the interaction between language and culture across several disciplines, including linguistics, anthropology, applied linguistics, psychology and cognitive science. The journal publishes high-quality, original and state-of-the-art articles that may be theoretical or empirical in orientation and that advance our understanding of the intricate relationship between language and culture. IJoLC is a peer-reviewed journal published twice a year.

Topics of interest to IJoLC include, but are not limited to the following:
a. Culture and the structure of language,
b. Language, culture, and conceptualisation,
c. Language, culture, and politeness,
d. Language, culture, and emotion,
e. Culture and language development,
f. Language, culture, and communication.

IJoLC publishes its articles Online First.

ISSN: 2214-3157 | E-ISSN: 2214-3165
DOI logo
Latest articles

4 November 2022

  • Metaphorical conceptualizations of cancer treatment in English and Chinese languages
    Mei-Yung Vanliza Chow Jeannette Littlemore
  • Animal names applied to a person in Maasai society
    Eliakimu Sane
  • 21 October 2022

  • A spatial model of conceptualization of time : With special reference to English and Armenian fairy tales
    Yelena Mkhitaryan Lusine Madatyan
  • 22 July 2022

  • The reschematization of face in Chinese overseas students’ intercultural experience
    Min Hou | IJOLC 9:1 (2022) pp. 27–47
  • Swearing in the Yuan and Ming Dynasties : The principles and cultural beliefs in Shuǐhǔ zhuàn (水浒传)
    Ming Zhao | IJOLC 9:1 (2022) pp. 48–71
  • 14 June 2022

  • Cultural semantics of the ‘salt’ word in Persian
    Reza Arab | IJOLC 9:1 (2022) pp. 119–150
  • 17 May 2022

  • Sandrine Loncke . [2019] 2021. What if Babel was just a myth? / Et si Babel n’était qu’un mythe?
    Reviewed by Kelsey Neely | IJOLC 9:1 (2022) pp. 173–176
  • 16 May 2022

  • Self-sacrifice expressions in Persian
    Hamid Allami Ahmad Reza Eslamizadeh | IJOLC 9:1 (2022) pp. 151–172
  • 27 January 2022

  • Stage-of-life words at the crossroads of language, culture and cognition : A contrastive semantic analysis between boy (English) and ragazzo (Italian)
    Gian Marco Farese | IJOLC 9:1 (2022) pp. 1–26
  • 21 December 2021

  • Haagse Harry, a Dutch chav from The Hague? The enregisterment of similar social personas in different speech communities
    Amanda Cole Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade | IJOLC 9:1 (2022) pp. 72–96
  • 23 November 2021

  • “I can come up with more things when I’m happy, or especially when I’m angry” : Language preferences to express emotions among 1.5 Generation Russian Australians
    Beatrice Venturin | IJOLC 9:1 (2022) p. 97
  • 26 October 2021

  • Verbal reduplication as an aspectual marker and manifestation of cultural values in Amondawa (Brazil, Amazon)
    Wany Bernardete de Araujo Sampaio , Quesler Fagundes Camargos Arikam Amondawa | IJOLC 8:2 (2021) pp. 297–322
  • 28 September 2021

  • Influence of gender on the use of kinship terms in English and Serbian : Cultural linguistic study
    Dragana Tadić | IJOLC 8:2 (2021) pp. 346–372
  • Issues

    Volume 9 (2022)

    Volume 8 (2021)

    Volume 7 (2020)

    Volume 6 (2019)

    Volume 5 (2018)

    Volume 4 (2017)

    Volume 3 (2016)

    Volume 2 (2015)

    Volume 1 (2014)

    Editorial Board
    ORCID logoDaniel Casasanto | Cornell University
    ORCID logoJean-Marc Dewaele | University of London
    ORCID logoAlessandro Duranti | University of California, Los Angeles
    ORCID logoPeter Eglin | Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
    ORCID logoRoslyn M. Frank | University of Iowa
    ORCID logoWilliam Foley | University of Sydney
    ORCID logoAlice Gaby | Monash University
    ORCID logoBertie Kaal | Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
    ORCID logoIstvan Kecskes | State University of New York at Albany
    ORCID logoZoltán Kövecses | Eötvös Loránd University
    ORCID logoClaire Kramsch | University of California, Berkeley
    ORCID logoDavid B. Kronenfeld | University of California, Riverside
    ORCID logoWei-lun Lu | Masaryk University
    ORCID logoJohn A. Lucy | University of Chicago
    Sara Mills | Sheffield Hallam University
    ORCID logoNico Nassenstein | Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
    Rafael Núñez | University of California, San Diego
    ORCID logoGary B. Palmer | University of Nevada, Las Vegas
    Naomi Quinn † | Duke University
    ORCID logoKaren Risager | Roskilde University
    ORCID logoSandra R. Schecter | York University, Canada
    ORCID logoChris Sinha | University of East Anglia
    Dan I. Slobin | University of California, Berkeley
    ORCID logoHelen Spencer-Oatey | University of Warwick
    ORCID logoSvenja Völkel | Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
    ORCID logoXu Wen | Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing
    ORCID logoAnna Wierzbicka | Australian National University
    ORCID logoHans-Georg Wolf | University of Potsdam
    Ning Yu | Pennsylvania State University
    Subscription Info
    Current issue: 9:1, available as of August 2022

    General information about our electronic journals.

    Subscription rates

    All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

    Online-only Print + online
    Volume 10 (2023): 2 issues; ca. 300 pp. EUR 168.00 EUR 193.00
    Volume 9 (2022): 2 issues; ca. 300 pp. EUR 168.00 EUR 189.00

    Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 70.00 (online‑only:  EUR 65.00)
    Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

    Available back-volumes

    Online-only Print + online
    Complete backset
    (Vols. 1‒8; 2014‒2021)
    16 issues;
    2,400 pp.
    EUR 1,281.00 EUR 1,413.00
    Volumes 7‒8 (2020‒2021) 2 issues; avg. 300 pp. EUR 168.00 per volume EUR 189.00 per volume
    Volume 6 (2019) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 165.00 EUR 185.00
    Volume 5 (2018) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 160.00 EUR 180.00
    Volume 4 (2017) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 155.00 EUR 175.00
    Volume 3 (2016) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 155.00 EUR 170.00
    Volume 2 (2015) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 155.00 EUR 165.00
    Volume 1 (2014) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 155.00 EUR 160.00

    International Journal of Language and Culture offers online submission.

    Manuscripts should be submitted through the journal’s online submission and manuscript tracking site.

    Manuscripts submitted per email will not be processed.

    Please consult the guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors before you submit your paper.

    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors: ijlanguageculture at


    John Benjamins journals are committed to maintaining the highest standards of publication ethics and to supporting ethical research practices. Please read this Ethics Statement.

    Rights and Permissions

    Authors must ensure that they have permission to use any third-party material in their contribution; the permission should include perpetual (not time-limited) world-wide distribution in print and electronic format.

    For information on authors' rights, please consult the rights information page.

    Open Access

    For information about permission to post a version of your article online or in an institutional repository ('green' open access or self-archiving), please consult the rights information page.

    This journal offers the possibility for accepted papers to be published Open Access through payment of an Article Publication Charge (APC) of EUR 1800 (excl. tax); more information can be found on the publisher's Open Access Policy page.

    Corresponding authors from institutions with which John Benjamins has a Read & Publish arrangement can publish Open Access without paying a fee; information on the institutions and which articles qualify, can be found on this page.


    John Benjamins Publishing Company has an agreement in place with Portico for the archiving of all its online journals and e-books.



    For the benefit of production efficiency, the publisher and the editor ask you to follow the following submission guidelines strictly. Papers that do not follow these guidelines will be returned to the author.

    Contributions should be consistent in their use of language and spelling. If you are not a native speaker of the language in which you have written your contribution, it is advised to have your text checked by a native speaker.

    When submitting the final manuscript to the journal, please include: a one-paragraph abstract, approximately five keywords, a short professional biography of the author, and a current mailing address.   

    Electronic files

    Files. Contributions should not exceed 10,000 words. They should be in English following the American Psychological Association (APA) style. Authors who are not a competent user of academic English are advised to have their paper checked by a native speaker before submission.

    Please take care that you supply all the files, text as well as graphic files, used in the creation of the manuscript, and be sure to submit the final version of the manuscript. And please delete any personal comments so that these will not mistakenly be typeset and check that all files are readable.

    File naming conventions. When naming your file please use the following convention:  use the first three characters of the first author’s  last name; if that name is Johnson, the file should be named JOH.DOC, JOH.WP5, etc. Do not use the three character extension for things other than the identification of the file type (not JOH.ART, JOH.REV). Figures can be named as follows JOH1.EPS, JOH2.TIF, JOH3.XLS, etc.

    Software. Word (PC/Mac) is preferred. If you intend to use other word processing software, please contact the editors first.

    Graphic files: Please supply figures as Encapsulated Postscript (EPS) or Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) conversion in addition to the original creation files. 
    For graphics that are not available in digital format, such as photographs, spectrographs, etc., please provide sharp and clear prints (not photocopies) in black & white.


    In order to facilitate smooth production it is important that you follow the journal’s style for consistency. In this respect we advise you to make use of our electronic styles in addition to these guidelines.
    Do not add running heads, implement full justification or hyphenation, or the exact margin settings as used by Benjamins in printing. It is sufficient to characterize elements such as examples, quotations, tables, headings etc. in the formatting in a clear and consistent way, so that they can be identified and formatted in the style of the journal.
    Formatting that should be supplied by you is the formatting of references (see below) and font enhancements (such as italics, bold, caps, small caps, etc.) in the text.
    Whatever formatting or style conventions are employed, please be consistent.

    Tables and figures. All tables, trees and figures must fit within the following page size (if necessary, after – limited – reduction) and should still be legible at this size:
    11.5 cm (4.52”) x 19 cm  (7.48”).
    Suggested font setting for tables: Times Roman 10 pts (absolute minimum: 8 pts).
    Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively, provided with appropriate captions and should be referred to in the main text in this manner, e.g., “in table 2”, but never like this “in the following table: “. Please indicate the preferred position of the table or figure in the text.

    Running heads.  Please do not include running heads with your article. However, in case of a long title please suggest a short one for the running head (max. 55 characters) on the cover sheet of your contribution. 

    Emphasis and foreign words. Use italics for foreign language, highlighting and emphasis. Bold should be used only for highlighting within italics and for headings. Please refrain from the use of FULL CAPS (except for focal stress and abbreviations) and underlining (except for highlighting within examples, as an alternative for boldface),unless this is a strict convention in your field of research. For terms or expressions (e.g., ‘context of situation’) please use single quotes. For glosses of citation forms, use double quotes.

    Transliteration. Please transliterate into English any examples from languages that use a non-Latin script, using the appropriate transliteration system (ISO or LOC).

    Symbols and special characters. In case you have no access to certain characters, we advise you to use a clear convention to mark these characters. You can use our font table (Appendix A) or any other regular table to list the correspondences between your symbols and the required ones. If you use any phonetic characters, please mark these by the use of a character style if possible. This will enable us to retrieve those characters in your document.

    Chapters and headings. Chapters or articles should be reasonably divided into sections and, if necessary, into sub-sections. If you cannot use the electronic styles, please mark the headings as follows:
    Level 1        =   bold italics, 1 line space before, section number flush left. Text immediately below.
    Level 2        =   italics, 1 line space before, section number flush left. Text immediately below.
    Level 3ff      =   italics, 1 line space before, section number flush left. Heading ends with a full stop, with the text following on the same line.

    Numbering should be in arabic numerals; no italics; no dot after the last number, except for level 1 headings.

    Quotations: In the main text quotations should be given in double quotation marks. Quotations longer than 3 lines should be indented left and right, without quotations marks and with the appropriate reference to the source. They should be set off from the main text by a line of space above and below.

    Listings: Should not be indented. If numbered, please number as follows:
    1. ..................... or a. .......................
    2. ..................... or b. .......................
    Listings that run on with the main text can be numbered in parentheses: (1).............., (2)............., etc.

    Examples and glosses
    Examples should be numbered with Arabic numerals (1,2,3, etc.) in parentheses.
    Examples in languages other than the language in which your contribution is written should be in italics with an approximate translation. Between the original and the translation, glosses can be added. This interlinear gloss gets no punctuation and no highlighting. For the abbreviations in the interlinear gloss, CAPS or small caps can be used, which will be converted to small caps by our typesetters in final formatting.
    Please note that lines 1 and 2 are lined up through the use of spaces: it is essential that the number of elements in lines 1 and 2 match. If two words in the example correspond to one word in the gloss use a full stop to glue the two together (2a). Morphemes are seperated by hyphens (1, 2b).
    Every next level in the example gets one indent/tab.

                  (1)         Kare wa    besutoseraa  o          takusan kaite-iru.
                               he     TOP best-seller     ACC    many     write-PERF
                              “He has written many best-sellers.’”                              

                  (2)         a.           Jan houdt.van Marie.
                                             Jan loves         Marie
                                             “Jan loves Marie.”
                                b.           Ed en   Floor   gaan samen-wonen.
                                              Ed and Floor   go      together-live.INF
                                             “Ed and Floor are going to live together.”


    Notes should be kept to a minimum and should be submitted as numbered endnotes.
    ***Note: footnote indicators in the text should appear at the end of sentences and follow punctuation marks.


    It is essential that the references are formatted to the specifications given in these guidelines, as these cannot be formatted automatically. Please use the reference style as described in The APA Publication Manual (6th ed.).

    References in the text: These should be as precise as possible, giving page references where necessary; for example (Fillmore 1990; Clahsen 1991: 252-253) or, as in Brown et al. (1991: 252). All references in the text should appear in the references section.

    References section: References should be listed first alphabetically and then chronologically. The section should include all (and only!) references that are actually mentioned in the text.

    Görlach, M. (2003). English words abroad. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    Spear,  N. E., & Miller, R. R. (Eds.). (1981). Information processing in animals: Memory  mechanisms. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Article (in book):
    Adams, C. A., & Dickinson, A. (1981). Actions and habits: Variation in associative representation during instrumental learning. In N. E. Spear & R. R. Miller (Eds.), Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms (pp. 143-186). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

    Article (in journal):
    Claes, J., & Ortiz López, L. A. (2011). Restricciones pragmáticas y sociales en la expresión de futuridad en el español de Puerto Rico [Pragmatic and social restrictions in the expression of the future in Puerto Rican Spanish]. Spanish in Context, 8, 50–72.

    Rayson, P., Leech, G. N., & Hodges, M. (1997). Social differentiation in the use of English vocabulary: Some analyses of the conversational component of the British National Corpus. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 2(1), 120–132. 

    Additional Style Guidance

    Please use in-text citations, numbered endnotes, and works cited.

    1.  Please do not justify the right margin of your manuscript or the electronic version on disk.  Leave a ragged right margin.

    2.  Please double space everything, including quotations and footnotes.

    3.  Please use American spellings and punctuation, including

    4.  Section headers, if used, should simply be phrases with no numbers. Please restrict headers to three or four per essay.  They may be italicized.

    5.  Miscellaneous


    Appendixes should follow the References section.

    Author’s Submission Checklist

    When submitting the revised version of your accepted manuscript, in addition to following the guidelines above, please be sure that you also include:

    Proofing procedure

    The first author of a contribution will receive a PDF of first proofs of the article for correction via email and will be requested to return the corrections to the journal editor within 7 days of receipt. Acrobat Reader can be downloaded for free from which will enable you to read and print the file. Please limit corrections to the essential. It is at the publisher’s discretion not to implement substantial textual changes or to charge the author. If it is absolutely necessary to change larger chunks of text (i.e. more than just a few words), it is best to submit the changes on disk (with identical hard copy).

    Please contact the journal editor if you cannot handle proofs for your article in electronic format (i.e., receive the proofs as a PDF-attachment at your email address).

    Books for review and all editorial correspondence should be sent to the Editors: ijlanguageculture at


    Communication Studies

    Communication Studies

    Main BIC Subject

    CF: Linguistics

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General