Standard Languages and Multilingualism in European History
This volume explores the roots of Europe's struggle with multilingualism. It argues that, over the centuries, the pursuit of linguistic homogeneity has become a central aspect of the mindset of Europeans. In its extreme form, it became manifest in the principle of 'one language, one state, one people'. Consequently, multilingualism came to be viewed as an undesirable aberration. The authors of this volume approach the relationship between standard languages and multilingualism from a historical, cross-European perspective. They provide a comprehensive overview of the emergence of a standard language ideology and its intricate relationship with matters of ethnicity, territorial unity and social mobility. They explain for different European language areas in what ways the emergence of standard languages had an impact on multilingual policies and practices. Its comparative approach makes this volume an important resource for linguists, researchers from different philologies and social historians.
[Multilingualism and Diversity Management, 1] 2012. ix, 339 pp.
Publishing status: Available
© John Benjamins Publishing Company
Table of Contents
Preface | pp. vii–x
Multilingualism in a standard language cultureUlrike Vogl | pp. 1–42
I. Theoretical considerations and historical background
Myths we live and speak by: Ways of imagining and managing language and languagesWinifred V. Davies | pp. 45–70
Marching forward into the past: Monolingual multilingualism in contemporary political theoryYael Peled | pp. 71–96
Language and ethnicity in a European contextHarald Haarmann | pp. 97–124
II. Case-studies: The changing relationship between standard languages and other varieties
Multilingual speakers in a monolingual society: From the history and present state of language planning in IcelandAlexander Haselow | pp. 127–152
Multilingualism and standardization in GreecePeter Mackridge | pp. 153–178
The development of Finnish into a national languageMirja Saari | pp. 179–204
Traces of monolingual and plurilingual ideologies in the history of language policies in FranceGeorges Lüdi | pp. 205–230
Centripetal and centrifugal forces in the sociolinguistic configuration of the Iberian PeninsulaKormi Anipa | pp. 231–258
Dutch in Belgium: Facing multilingualism in a context of regional monolingualism and Standard Language IdeologyJohan De Caluwé | pp. 259–282
The Caucasus: Scenarios of ethnic conflict and trajectories of standardizationHarald Haarmann | pp. 283–308
Multilingualism and the disputed standardizations of Macedonian and MoldovanMatthew H. Ciscel | pp. 309–328
Index | pp. 329–???
Name index | pp. 329–330
Language index | pp. 331–332
Index of geographical names | pp. 333–334
Subject index | pp. 335–340
“This is a well executed and edited book on an important and growing field of research. The publisher and the series editors (Anne-Claude Berthoud, François Grin and Georges Lüdi) must be praised for this welcome addition to the already rich offering by John Benjamins. We cannot but look forward impatiently for new titles in the series.”
Mauro Tosco, University of Turin, in Language Problems and Language Planning Vol. 37:1 (2013)
“The volume is both comprehensive and ambitious in its attempt to cover vast periods of time, as well as moving from the centre to the margins of Europe. It offers a comprehensive overview of European linguistic history for the more general student of European languages, although some chapters do require a more theoretical sociolinguistic knowledge. Most significantly, however, the volume represents an important resource for both researchers in historical linguistics and those studying contemporary European language practices and policies, by offering a strong justification for the need to pay considerable attention to the specific historical background. In particular, the volume demonstrates the historically contingent and culturally bounded nature of standard languages, thus effectively challenging many of our contemporary assumptions about language and multilingualism. ”
Naomi Wells, University of Leeds, in Modern Language Review, Vol. 108:4 (2013), pages 1254-1255.
“This is a useful volume for scholars and students whose interests converge on the linguistic history and current sociolinguistic account of standard language ideology in Europe. The volume is methodical in its approach to the subject matter, and is careful to include case studies that are representative of a pan-European standard language culture. The overarching aims are also well addressed, the authors successfully highlighting that standard language ideology must necessarily be viewed as both socially conditioned and historically contingent.”
Jonathan Kasstan, University of Kent, in Language Policy Vol. 14 (2015)
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Subjects & Metadata
BIC Subject: CFDM – Bilingualism & multilingualism
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General