Constructions and Frames

Main information
ORCID logoFrancesca Masini | University of Bologna | constructionsandframes at
ORCID logoBracha Nir | University of Haifa | constructionsandframes at

Constructions and Frames is an international peer-reviewed journal that provides a forum for construction-based approaches to language analysis. Constructional models emphasize the role of constructions, as conventional pairings of meaning and form, in stating language-specific and cross-linguistic generalizations and in accounting equally for regular and semi-regular patterns. Frame Semantics, which has become a semantic complement of some constructional approaches, elaborates the analysis of form-meaning relationships by focusing on lexical semantic issues that are relevant to grammatical structure. The preoccupation of constructional theories with meaning allows for natural integration of grammatical inquiry with semantic, pragmatic, and discourse research; often coupled with corpus evidence, this orientation also enriches current perspectives on language acquisition, language change, and language use.

Constructions and Frames publishes articles which range from descriptions of grammatical phenomena in different languages to constructionally-oriented work in cognitive linguistics, grammaticalization theory, typology, conversation analysis and interactional linguistics, poetics, and sociolinguistics. Articles that explore applications to or implications for related fields, such as communication studies, computational linguistics, lexicography, psychology, and anthropology are also invited.

The aim of the journal is to promote innovative research that extends constructional approaches in new directions and along interdisciplinary paths.

Constructions and Frames publishes its articles Online First.

ISSN: 1876-1933 | E-ISSN: 1876-1941
DOI logo
Latest articles

22 April 2024

  • Tsuyoshi Ono , Rivta Laury Ryoko Suzuki (Eds.). 2021. Usage-based and Typological Approaches to Linguistic Units
    Reviewed by Bin Zhang | CF 16:1 (2024) pp. 162–168
  • 8 April 2024

  • Dutch compound constructions in additional language acquisition : A diasystematic-constructionist approach
    Isa Hendrikx Kristel Van Goethem | CF 16:1 (2024) pp. 64–99
  • 4 April 2024

  • Ruled by construal? Framing article choice in English
    Laurence Romain , Dagmar Hanzlíková , Petar Milin Dagmar Divjak | CF 16:1 (2024) pp. 1–29
  • 2 April 2024

  • Vertical and horizontal links in constructional networks : Two sides of the same coin?
    Tobias Ungerer | CF 16:1 (2024) pp. 30–63
  • 29 February 2024

  • The post-modal grammaticalisation of concessive may and might
    Benoît Leclercq | CF 16:1 (2024) pp. 130–161
  • 6 February 2024

  • Towards a usage-based characterisation of the English Superlative Object Construction
    Tamara Bouso | CF 16:1 (2024) pp. 100–129
  • 8 January 2024

  • Diachronic changes in constructional networks : Evidence from Manchuric nominal morphology
    Andreas Hölzl | CF 15:2 (2023) pp. 160–186
  • The rise and fall of morphological schemas : A diachronic account of entre-prefixation in French
    Guglielmo Inglese Anne C. Wolfsgruber | CF 15:2 (2023) pp. 187–210
  • The development of heterosemous inflection and derivation : Norwegian abundance plurals and distributive adjectives
    Torodd Kinn | CF 15:2 (2023) pp. 211–233
  • English and German derivation revisited : A Diachronic Construction Morphology approach to the growing complexity of bases
    Anke Lensch | CF 15:2 (2023) pp. 234–256
  • A linguistic cycle for speech orienters : Constructional changes in the development and loss of quotative markers in Bantu languages
    Steve Nicolle | CF 15:2 (2023) pp. 257–281
  • Issues in Diachronic Construction Morphology
    Muriel Norde Graeme Trousdale | CF 15:2 (2023) pp. 145–159
  • J. François (ed.). 2021. L’expansion pluridisciplinaire des grammaires de constructions
    Reviewed by Kristel Van Goethem | CF 15:2 (2023) pp. 282–290
  • Lotte Sommerer Elena Smirnova (eds.). 2020. Nodes and Networks in Diachronic Construction Grammar
    Reviewed by Xia Wu Yicheng Wu | CF 15:2 (2023) pp. 291–296
  • 19 October 2023

  • A multilingual approach to the interaction between frames and constructions : Towards a joint framework and methodology
    Oliver Czulo , Alexander Willich , Alexander Ziem Tiago T. Torrent | CF 15:1 (2023) pp. 59–90
  • Frame integration and head-switching : RISK in English and Japanese
    Yoko Hasegawa Kyoko Hirose Ohara | CF 15:1 (2023) p. 91
  • From data to theory : An emergent semantic classification based on the large-scale Russian constructicon
    Laura A. Janda , Anna Endresen , Valentina Zhukova , Daria Mordashova Ekaterina Rakhilina | CF 15:1 (2023) pp. 1–58
  • Constructional change and frame element selection : Insights from the French Spending frame
    James Law | CF 15:1 (2023) pp. 119–144
  • 22 December 2022

  • Modelling polysemy and categorial ambiguity in a constructional family : The case of agentive compounds in Persian
    Zoleikha Azimdokht , Adel Rafiei Jenny Audring | CF 14:2 (2022) pp. 262–300
  • Old English V-initial and þa-VS main clauses : Independent constructions or allostructions?
    Anna Cichosz | CF 14:2 (2022) pp. 301–336
  • From modals to modal constructions : An n-gram analysis of can, could and be able to
    Benoît Leclercq | CF 14:2 (2022) pp. 226–261
  • Thomas Hoffmann . 2019. English Comparative Correlatives: Diachronic and Synchronic Variation at the Lexicon-Syntax Interface
    Reviewed by Sheila Dooley | CF 14:2 (2022) pp. 337–345
  • Chongwon Park . 2019. Reference point and case: A Cognitive Grammar exploration of Korean
    Reviewed by Jong-Bok Kim | CF 14:2 (2022) pp. 346–352
  • Editorial announcement
    Francesca Masini Bracha Nir | CF 14:2 (2022) p. 225
  • IssuesOnline-first articles

    Volume 16 (2024)

    Volume 15 (2023)

    Volume 14 (2022)

    Volume 13 (2021)

    Volume 12 (2020)

    Volume 11 (2019)

    Volume 10 (2018)

    Volume 9 (2017)

    Volume 8 (2016)

    Volume 7 (2015)

    Volume 6 (2014)

    Volume 5 (2013)

    Volume 4 (2012)

    Volume 3 (2011)

    Volume 2 (2010)

    Volume 1 (2009)

    Editorial Assistant
    Beatrice Bernasconi | University of Turin | constructionsandframes at
    Editorial Board
    ORCID logoWilliam A. Croft | University of New Mexico
    ORCID logoKerstin Fischer | University of Southern Denmark
    ORCID logoMirjam Fried | Charles University, Prague
    ORCID logoDirk Geeraerts | University of Leuven
    ORCID logoStefan Th. Gries | University of California, Santa Barbara
    ORCID logoMartin Hilpert | University of Neuchâtel
    ORCID logoEva Lehečková | Charles University, Prague
    ORCID logoBenjamin Lyngfelt | University of Gothenburg
    ORCID logoYoshiko Matsumoto | Stanford University
    ORCID logoKiki Nikiforidou | University of Athens
    ORCID logoJan-Ola Östman | University of Helsinki
    ORCID logoKlaus-Uwe Panther | University of Hamburg
    ORCID logoPaul Sambre | KU Leuven
    ORCID logoElizabeth Closs Traugott | Stanford University
    ORCID logoRemi van Trijp | Sony Computer Science Laboratory, Paris
    ORCID logoKristel Van Goethem | UC Louvain
    Subscription Info
    Current issue: 16:1, available as of May 2024

    General information about our electronic journals.

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    All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

    Online-only Print + online
    Volume 17 (2025): 2 issues; ca. 300 pp. EUR 175.00 EUR 237.00
    Volume 16 (2024): 2 issues; ca. 300 pp. EUR 170.00 EUR 215.00

    Individuals may apply for a special online-only subscription rate of EUR 65.00 per volume.
    Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

    Available back-volumes

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    (Vols. 1‒15; 2009‒2023)
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    4,500 pp.
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    Volume 15 (2023) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 165.00 EUR 195.00
    Volumes 12‒14 (2020‒2022) 2 issues; avg. 300 pp. EUR 165.00 per volume EUR 191.00 per volume
    Volume 11 (2019) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 162.00 EUR 187.00
    Volume 10 (2018) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 157.00 EUR 182.00
    Volume 9 (2017) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 152.00 EUR 177.00
    Volume 8 (2016) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 152.00 EUR 172.00
    Volume 7 (2015) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 152.00 EUR 167.00
    Volume 6 (2014) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 152.00 EUR 162.00
    Volume 5 (2013) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 152.00 EUR 157.00
    Volume 4 (2012) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 148.00 EUR 148.00
    Volumes 1‒3 (2009‒2011) 2 issues; avg. 300 pp. EUR 148.00 per volume EUR 152.00 per volume

    Guidelines for article submissions

    Introductory Remarks

    Constructions and Frames welcomes submissions on construction-based approaches to language analysis. Constructional models emphasize the role of constructions, as conventional pairings of meaning and form, in stating language-specific and cross- linguistic generalizations and in accounting equally for regular and semi-regular patterns. The aim of the journal is to promote innovative research that extends constructional approaches in new directions and along interdisciplinary paths.

    To ensure that a paper fits the scope and goals of Constructions and Frames, authors are encouraged to send the editors a summary of their paper prior to formal submission,  by electronic mail,  as  regular text  or attachment.  Articles  should  be shorter than 12.000 words (reviews shorter than 3.000 words), including references; longer manuscripts may not be considered.

    Authors submitting articles for publication in Constructions and Frames should send THREE hard copies of the manuscript to one of the editors or, preferably, one electronic copy in portable document format (.pdf). (See the end of this document for contact information.) It is not necessary that initial submissions adhere fully to the guidelines in sections 1-8, below. At this point in the process, clear and consistent presentation are paramount. Texts should be double-spaced, printed on one side of the page only, with all pages numbered consecutively. Figures, charts and tables can be left in the appropriate place in the manuscript rather than moved to the end. In order to permit double-blind refereeing, submissions should not carry author information.

    Contributions should be in English; contributors whose native language is not English should have their manuscript carefully checked by a native speaker.

    Note: Any material submitted to Constructions and Frames must be original work, not published or under review elsewhere, and contributors may not submit this work elsewhere while it is under review here. If related material is published, under consideration or in press elsewhere, that must be disclosed to us. Similarly, if part of a contribution has appeared or will appear elsewhere, contributors must specify the details in a cover letter accompanying the submission. Upon acceptance of a contribution for publication, its author(s) will be sked to sign a Copyright Assignment Form, transferring the copyright to the publisher.

    Reviewing procedure. In order to permit double-blind refereeing, submissions should not carry author information. In particular, please note the following:
    1. Your name, affiliation, and other personal data should be submitted separately.
    2. Avoid the use of your name in the text of the manuscript.
    3. Minimize references to your own work. If necessary, use third person formulations as much as possible; if you are Jones or have worked in Jones‟ department, do not write “Building on previous work (Jones 2007), we will now show that ...”, but simply “We build on prior work by Jones (2007)”.
    4. Avoid references to unpublished work, especially work of which you are a (co-) author. If unavoidable, replace the reference in the text by “Author (in press)”, and describe it in the list of references as “Author (in press). Details omitted for blind reviewing”. (But please remember to fill these out again in the final text for production if your article is accepted for publication!)
    5. Remember to remove any identifying information from the document properties.
    6. Please be advised that the editors may return your manuscript to you for anonymization before sending it to reviewers in case it does not, in their opinion, conform to the standards for double-blind reviewing.

    Title page

    This should be the first, separate, sheet of the manuscript and must provide: (a) author(s)‟s name(s) and affiliation(s)  as well as (b) full address(es), including e-mail and fax information, indicating – in case there is more than one author – who will be responsible for proofreading.

    In case of a long title please suggest a shortened one (max. 55 characters) for the running head.

    Please make sure that you include all authors and their affiliations on submission (on a cover sheet/in EM). In general, we will not permit adding authors or making changes to the order of authors after the article is accepted for publication.

    After acceptance it is still possible to add an affiliation for individual authors, if an author moved to another institution during the process of reviewing and revising. Removing affiliations would, in principle, never be necessary -- if an author did (part of) the research and writing while affiliated with an institution, that still remains relevant, even if they moved before the article entered the production process.

    On submission of the accepted, final version to the editors, please include in the article itself, below the title, a list of all authors in the order in which they should appear in the publication and for each author:

    • Name(s) as they should appear in the publication
    • Affiliation(s): Please use the name that your institution (at the highest level, usually the name of the university) has established for international usage, either in English, or in one of the official languages of the institution. If your article is written in a language other than English and not one of the languages for which your institution has established an official name, do not translate the name yourself, as this makes it harder or even impossible for us to recognize publications from the same institution. If your institution has a name that is not unique in the world (in English), please add as much information as is needed -- city, country -- to allow for identification. If you have more than one affiliation, please provide each affiliation separated by an ampersand ' & '.
    • ORCID, if available

    Form of manuscript

    Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, contributors must submit revised versions prepared in strict accordance with this style sheet. Final versions must be submitted both in hard copy (or .pdf) and electronically (as an attachment or on diskette), in the word processing program in which the paper was written and, unless the paper was prepared in Microsoft Word, in rich text format (.rtf).

    For articles, an abstract of about 100 words is required. Authors of articles are also required to provide up to 10 keywords.

    Authors are encouraged to use Unicode fonts for any special – non standard ASCII – characters; in any case, the provided hard copy (or .pdf) should show any special character as they should appear in print, so that this can be used for reference during typesetting. In case you have no access to certain characters, we advise you to use a

    clear convention to mark these characters as this will facilitate automatic replacement during the formatting of the text. If you use any special characters, be sure to mark these with unique codes such as %%…%% or $[…].

    Authors are asked to k eep formatting to a minimum; for example neither right justification nor automatic hyphenation should be used. The only relevant codes are those pertaining to font enhancements (italics, bold, caps, small caps, etc.), punctuation, and the format of the references. Whatever formatting or style conventions are employed, please be consistent.

    Manuscripts, especially articles and review articles, should be divided into sections and subsections as needed, all with appropriate (short) titles, not mere numbers.

    Use italics for f oreign words, highlighting, and emphasis. Bold should be used only for highlighting within italics and for headings. Please refrain from the use of FULL CAPS (except for focal stress and abbreviations) and underlining (except for highlighting within examples, as an alternative for boldface).

    Text quotations in the main text should be given in “double” quotation marks. Quotations longer than 3 lines should have a blank line above and below and a left indent, without quotation marks, and with the appropriate reference to the source.

    Listings should not be indented. If numbered, please number as follows:

    1. ..................... or a. .......................
    2. ..................... or b. .......................

    Listings that run on with the main text can be numbered in parentheses: (1).............., (2)............., etc.

    Examples should be numbered with Arabic numerals (1,2,3, etc.) in parentheses and indented. Morphemes and glosses should be aligned; please make sure this alignment is clearly visible in the hard copy/pdf. We recommend the use of the Leipzig Glossing Rules as a convention for the formatting of glosses.

    (1)    a.   My    s        Marko

    poexa-l-i       avtobus-om




         we    with Marko

    go-PST-PL  bus-INSTR




                   “Marko and I went to Peredelkino by bus”
             b.   unser-n           Väter-n                                                                           (German)
                   our-DAT.PL   father.PL-DAT.PL
                   “to our fathers”

    CAPS can be used for abbreviations in the interlinear gloss: in the final formatting these will be converted into small caps; please refrain from the use of lower case. Notes should be kept to a minimum and not be used for references. Note indicators in the text should appear at the end of sentences and follow punctuation marks. Notes should be submitted as footnotes.

    It is essential that the references are formatted to the specifications given in these guidelines, as these cannot be formatted automatically. Please use the reference style as described in The APA Publication Manual (6th ed.).
    References in the text:
    These should be as precise as possible, giving page references where necessary; for example (Fillmore 1990; Clahsen 1991: 252-253) or, as in Brown et al. (1991: 252). All references in the text should appear in the references section.
    References section:
    References should be listed first alphabetically and then chronologically. The section should include all (and only!) references that are actually mentioned in the text.


    Görlach, M. (2003). English words abroad. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    Spear,  N. E., & Miller, R. R. (Eds.). (1981). Information processing in animals: Memory
    . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Article (in book):
    Adams, C. A., & Dickinson, A. (1981). Actions and habits: Variation in associative
          representation during instrumental learning. In N. E. Spear & R. R. Miller (Eds.),
          Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms (pp. 143-186). Hillsdale, NJ:

    Article (in journal):
    Claes, J., & Ortiz López, L. A. (2011). Restricciones pragmáticas y sociales en la expresión de
          futuridad en el español de Puerto Rico [Pragmatic and social restrictions in the expression
          of the future in Puerto Rican Spanish]. Spanish in Context, 8, 50–72.

    Rayson, P., Leech, G. N., & Hodges, M. (1997). Social differentiation in the use of English
          vocabulary: Some analyses of the conversational component of the British National
          Corpus. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 2(1), 120–132.

    Tables, Figures and Plates
    1. Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively and provided with concise captions (max. 240 characters, incl. spaces). Reference should be made in the main text, e.g., “(see Figure 5)”; do   not use absolute references such as “see the table below”  or “see this figure: ”. Please indicate the preferred position of the Table or Figure in the text by inserting a line “ at  at Insert Figure XX here” at the appropriate position. It will be placed either at the top or the bottom of the page on which it is mentioned, or on the following page.

    2. All Tables, Plates, and Figures eventually have to fit the following text area, either portrait or landscape: 11.5 cm (= 4.5”) x 19 cm (= 7.5”). Font setting: Times New Roman 9pts (absolute minimum: 8pts).

    3. Notes in Tables and Figures should not be regular notes. Please use a table note or a figure note as in the example below. Standard note indicators in tables are *, **, †, ‡. The note itself is then inserted directly below the table/figure.

    4. Avoid the use of colors. The journal is printed in black & white, and colors will be printed as shades of gray; make sure any figures are still meaningfull without color.

    5. Carefully check all graphics for errors before submission as the typesetter often cannot make corrections in these electronic files.

    Appendixes should follow the References section. Please make sure you refer to the appendix in the main text.

    P r oduction
    The corresponding author will receive first proofs for correction. Proofs must be returned with corrections by the dates determined by the publication schedule, as given in the instructions accompanying the proofs.

    For further questions, please contact the editors:

    Francesca Masini
    c/o Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature e Culture Moderne (LILEC)
    University of Bologna
    Via Cartoleria 5
    I-40124 BOLOGNA
    francesca.masini at

    Bracha Nir
    University of Haifa
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders
    199 Aba Khoushy Ave. Mount Carmel
    IL-31999 HAIFA
    bnir at


    Constructions and Frames offers online submission .

    Before submitting, please consult the guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors .

    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors via e-mail: em-cf at

    Articles under consideration are double-blind peer-reviewed and decisions on all published content are made by the editors.


    John Benjamins journals are committed to maintaining the highest standards of publication ethics and to supporting ethical research practices.

    Authors and reviewers are kindly requested to read this Ethics Statement .

    Please also note the guidance on the use of (generative) AI in the statement.

    Rights and Permissions

    Authors must ensure that they have permission to use any third-party material in their contribution; the permission should include perpetual (not time-limited) world-wide distribution in print and electronic format.

    For information on authors' rights, please consult the rights information page.

    Open Access

    Articles accepted for this journal can be made Open Access through payment of an Article Publication Charge (APC) of EUR 1800 (excl. tax). To arrange this, please contact openaccess at once your paper has been accepted for publication. More information can be found on the publisher's Open Access Policy page.

    Corresponding authors from institutions with which John Benjamins has a Read & Publish arrangement can publish Open Access without paying a fee. Please consult this list of institutions for up-to-date information on which articles qualify.

    For information about permission to post a version of your article online or in an institutional repository ('green' open access or self-archiving), please consult the rights information page.

    If the article is not (to be made) Open Access, there is no fee for the author to publish in this journal.


    John Benjamins Publishing Company has an agreement in place with Portico for the archiving of all its online journals and e-books.


    Main BIC Subject

    CFK: Grammar, syntax

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General