Register Studies

Jesse Egbert | Northern Arizona University | Register.Studies at
ORCID logoBethany Gray | Iowa State University | Register.Studies at
Associate Editors
ORCID logoLarissa Goulart | Montclair State University
ORCID logoMarianna Gracheva | Northern Arizona University
Consulting Editors
Douglas Biber | Northern Arizona University
ORCID logoTony Berber Sardinha | São Paulo Catholic University

Register Studies is a refereed journal devoted to the publication of high-quality research on register and its relationship to all aspects of language use, variation, change, and learning. This journal focuses primarily on empirical linguistic studies related to:

  • spoken or written registers in any language or time period;
  • language variation across registers and detailed analyses of single registers;
  • diachronic linguistic change within or across registers;
  • language for specific purposes and English for academic purposes;
  • methodological approaches to the study of register;
  • corpus design issues and new corpora for register studies;
  • the application of register analysis in language learning, teaching, and assessment.

Register Studies is highly interdisciplinary, welcoming scholarship on register from areas such as corpus linguistics, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, Systemic Functional Linguistics, language teaching, and computational linguistics. Research on English-language registers, analyses of registers in languages other than English, and cross-linguistic comparisons of registers are welcome. Register Studies regularly publishes reviews of books, corpora, and research tools focused on register research. All contributions undergo double-blind peer review.

Register Studies publishes its articles Online First.

Register Studies offers authors the option to publish articles as Open Access, click here for more information on the John Benjamins Open Access policy.

ISSN: 2542-9477 | E-ISSN: 2542-9485
DOI logo
Latest articles

18 June 2024

  • Measuring the linguistic similarity of discourse from open-world role-playing games to the real world through an additive multidimensional analysis
    Daniel H. Dixon
  • 5 March 2024

  • A multi-dimensional analysis of graduate student writing in two applied science disciplines
    Kimberly Becker | RS 5:2 (2023) pp. 171–204
  • 21 February 2024

  • The role of situation in individual style : A powerful confounding variable or a new dimension? The case of American presidential discourse
    Marianna Gracheva | RS 5:2 (2023) pp. 205–239
  • 11 January 2024

  • M. Charles A. Frankenberg-Garcia . 2021. Corpora in ESP/EAP Writing Instruction: Preparation, Exploitation, Analysis
    Reviewed by Tülay Dixon | RS 5:2 (2023) pp. 246–250
  • D. Biber , B. Gray , S. Staples J. Egbert (ed.). 2021. The Register-Functional Approach to Grammatical Complexity: Theoretical Foundation, Descriptive Research Findings, Application
    Reviewed by Ge Lan Nanxi Bian | RS 5:2 (2023) pp. 240–245
  • 28 November 2023

  • Register differences and intra-register variation of elicited texts
    Václav Cvrček , Zuzana Laubeová , David Lukeš , Petra Poukarová , Anna Řehořková Adrian Jan Zasina | RS 5:2 (2023) pp. 143–170
  • 10 May 2023

  • R. Love . 2020. Overcoming challenges in corpus construction: The Spoken British National Corpus 2014
    Reviewed by Elizabeth Hanks | RS 5:1 (2023) pp. 136–142
  • 7 March 2023

  • What is a register? Accounting for linguistic and situational variation within – and outside of – textual varieties
    Douglas Biber Jesse Egbert | RS 5:1 (2023) pp. 1–22
  • 27 January 2023

  • An experimental approach to colloquiality perception in L1 and L2 Spanish
    Irene Checa-Garcia | RS 5:1 (2023) pp. 111–135
  • IssuesOnline-first articles

    Volume 5 (2023)

    Volume 4 (2022)

    Volume 3 (2021)

    Volume 2 (2020)

    Volume 1 (2019)

    Editorial Assistant
    Shangyu Jiang | Iowa State University
    Editorial Board
    Laurence Anthony | Waseda University
    Shlomo Argamon | Illinois Institute of Technology
    Yuly Asención-Delaney | Northern Arizona University
    ORCID logoPaul Baker | Lancaster University
    ORCID logoMonika Bednarek | The University of Sydney
    ORCID logoIsobelle Clarke | Lancaster University
    Susan Conrad | Portland State University
    Eric Friginal | The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
    ORCID logoGaëtanelle Gilquin | Université Catholique de Louvain
    Jack A. Hardy | Oxford College of Emory University
    ORCID logoMarianne Hundt | University of Zurich
    Daniel Keller | Northern Arizona University
    ORCID logoMerja Kytö | Uppsala University
    ORCID logoTove Larsson | Northern Arizona University
    ORCID logoStella Neumann | RWTH Aachen University
    ORCID logoRandi Reppen | Northern Arizona University
    Françoise Salager-Meyer | Universidade de Los Andes
    Mary J. Schleppegrell | University of Michigan
    ORCID logoElena Seoane | Universidad de Vigo
    Serge Sharoff | Leeds University
    ORCID logoShelley Staples | University of Arizona
    ORCID logoMaite Taboada | Simon Fraser University
    Paul Thompson | University of Birmingham
    Marcia Veirano Pinto | Universidade Federal de São Paulo
    Subscription Info
    Current issue: 5:2, available as of March 2024

    General information about our electronic journals.

    Subscription rates

    All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

    Online-only Print + online
    Volume 7 (2025): 2 issues; ca. 300 pp. EUR 191.00 EUR 245.00
    Volume 6 (2024): 2 issues; ca. 300 pp. EUR 185.00 EUR 223.00

    Individuals may apply for a special online-only subscription rate of EUR 65.00 per volume.
    Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

    Available back-volumes

    Online-only Print + online
    Complete backset
    (Vols. 1‒5; 2019‒2023)
    10 issues;
    1,500 pp.
    EUR 896.00 EUR 995.00
    Volume 5 (2023) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 180.00 EUR 203.00
    Volumes 2‒4 (2020‒2022) 2 issues; avg. 300 pp. EUR 180.00 per volume EUR 199.00 per volume
    Volume 1 (2019) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 176.00 EUR 195.00

    Submission Guidelines

    Authors wishing to submit articles for publication in Register Studies are requested to do so through the journal’s online submission and manuscript tracking site. All other enquiries should be directed towards the editors by e-mailing the journal at: Register.Studies at

    Manuscripts submitted to Register Studies will undergo double-blind peer review and will be evaluated based on their originality, methodological rigor, significance of findings, and quality of presentation. Manuscripts submitted for consideration to the journal should not be previously published or being considered for publication elsewhere.

    All submissions to Register Studies should be written in English and prepared according to the following guidelines.

    Anonymizing Papers for Review

    For review purposes, all author names and affiliations should be removed from the title page. However, because of the value for reviewers in being able to consider a manuscript within the context of related previous work, references to works by the author should not be removed or replaced with Author (date). Instead, full references should be maintained within the manuscript and in the reference list, and all references to the works by the author(s) should be discussed in the third person in a way that maintains the anonymity of the author(s). For example, in a manuscript authored by Jane Smith, a reference to Smith (2015) could be structured as “This study adopts the framework used in Smith (2015), in which they operationalized X as Y” instead of “This study adopts the framework used in Author (2015), in which we operationalized X as Y”.


    Full-length articles reporting on empirical or theoretical research should be 7,000-9,000 words. Critical reviews of books, corpora, and software/tools relevant to register research should be 1,500-2,000 words. Descriptions of corpora or datasets and methodological papers should be 5,000-6,000 words. Word limits should be adhered to closely; tables, references, notes, and appendices should be included in the word counts.


    Full-length articles and descriptions of corpora and methods should include an abstract that is 150 words long. Reviews do not require an abstract.


    All submissions should include four to six keywords that can be used for indexing purposes.


    All submissions should be presented in Times New Roman, 11 or 12-point font. Please include page numbers in the manuscript.

    Sections and Section Headings

    All sections should be numbered and labeled with a descriptive title. Please do not exceed three levels of headings. Section numbering should follow the pattern 1, 2 (for level one); 1.1, 1.2 (for level two); and 1.1.1, 1.1.2 (for level three).

    Tables, Figures, and Other Graphics

    In the initial submission, authors should place tables, figures, and other graphics within the paper in the desired location. However, authors should be prepared to submit original artwork files separately upon final accepted submission. All tables and figures should be numbered consecutively and include a caption that is informative and concise. All tables and figures should be introduced in the text.

    In-text references

    References in the text should follow the Name (year) format. Use et al. for three or more authors after the first mention (include all authors in the reference list). Examples:

    Smith (2005)
    Harding and Jones (2009)
    Johnson et al. (2014)
    Jones (2007, 2010)

    When both the name and the year is placed in parentheses, do not include a comma between the name and date; replace ‘and’ with ‘&’. When page numbers are required, follow the format year + colon + page numbers (no ‘pp.’). Examples:

    (Smith 2005)
    (Smith 2005: 56-58)
    (Harding & Jones 2007)
    (Johnson et al. 2014: 43)

    If there are multiple references to the same author within one parenthetical, separate years with a comma. Example:

    (Biber 1988, 1994, 2006)

    If there are multiple references to different authors within one parenthetical, separate each reference with a semi-colon. Examples:

    (Smith 2005; Harding & Jones 2007; Johnson et al. 2014)
    (Biber 1988, 1994, 2006; Biber & Finegan 1994)


    Use double quotes for shorter quotations. Quotations longer than 40 words should be displayed as an indented block quote. Any quotations within the main quote should use single quotes.

    Language examples

    Language examples and linguistic items within the main text should be in italics, with bolding for further emphasis:

    Standalone examples should be set apart from the main text with blank lines before and after, indented, and numbered. Examples should be referred to in the text by number (e.g., Example 1 shows that…). Italics, bold, and underlining can be used for further emphasis if needed. Examples:

    (1) Specifically, we were interested in investigating the quantitative difference in the use of grammatical  structures associated with registers over time.

    (2) This may be explained by the presence of high fluctuations in the 1 min. data.

    Longer examples (i.e., multiple sentences) should be labeled as Text Sample 1, Text Sample 2, and so on. These longer examples should be indented from the main text (see Biber’s article in RS 1:1 2019 for an example).

    Terms and Emphasis

    Within the text, if additional formatting is needed to indicate a term, single quotation marks should be used:

    To mark emphasis, use italics (however, this should be used sparingly). Example:


    In order to maintain anonymity, acknowledgements, if any, should not be included in the initial submission. Authors of accepted papers may include a brief acknowledgements section in the final submission. This should be an unnumbered section immediately following the conclusion.


    Use footnotes rather than endnotes. These should be numbered consecutively throughout the paper.

    Reference list

    The full reference list should follow guidelines provided by the American Psychological Association (6th edition). A few examples follow; please consult the APA manual for full details.


    Biber, D., & Conrad, S. (2009). Register, genre, and style. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Leech, G. (2004). Meaning and the English verb (3rd ed.). London: Routledge.

    Journal Articles

    Matthiessen, C. (2015). Register in the round: Registerial cartography. Functional Linguistics,  2(9), 1-48.

    Szmrecsanyi, B., Biber, D., Egbert, J., & Franco, K. (2016). Towards more accountability: Modeling ternary genitive variation in Late Modern English. Language Variation and  Change, 28(1), 1-29.

    Book Chapters

    Ferguson, C. (1994). Dialect, register, and genre: Working assumptions about conventionalization. In D. Biber & E. Finegan (Eds.), Sociolinguistic perspectives on  register (pp. 15-30). Oxford: Oxford University Press.


    One or more appendix sections may be included after the references section.

    Copyright permission

    It is the responsibility of the author to obtain permission to reproduce any material that has been previously published.


    Register Studies offers  online submission .

    Before submitting, please consult the  guidelines  and the  Short Guide to EM for Authors .

    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors via e-mail: Register.Studies at

    Articles under consideration are double-blind peer-reviewed and decisions on all published content are made by the editors.


    John Benjamins journals are committed to maintaining the highest standards of publication ethics and to supporting ethical research practices.

    Authors and reviewers are kindly requested to read this Ethics Statement .

    Please also note the guidance on the use of (generative) AI in the statement.

    Rights and Permissions

    Authors must ensure that they have permission to use any third-party material in their contribution; the permission should include perpetual (not time-limited) world-wide distribution in print and electronic format.

    For information on authors' rights, please consult the rights information page.

    Open Access

    Articles accepted for this journal can be made Open Access through payment of an Article Publication Charge (APC) of EUR 1800 (excl. tax). To arrange this, please contact openaccess at once your paper has been accepted for publication. More information can be found on the publisher's Open Access Policy page.

    Corresponding authors from institutions with which John Benjamins has a Read & Publish arrangement can publish Open Access without paying a fee. Please consult this list of institutions for up-to-date information on which articles qualify.

    For information about permission to post a version of your article online or in an institutional repository ('green' open access or self-archiving), please consult the rights information page.

    If the article is not (to be made) Open Access, there is no fee for the author to publish in this journal.


    John Benjamins Publishing Company has an agreement in place with Portico for the archiving of all its online journals and e-books.


    Main BIC Subject

    CFB: Sociolinguistics

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009050: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Sociolinguistics