Register Studies

This journal is peer reviewed and indexed in: Dimensions

Register Studies is a refereed journal devoted to the publication of high-quality research on register and its relationship to all aspects of language use, variation, change, and learning. This journal focuses primarily on empirical linguistic studies related to:

  • spoken or written registers in any language or time period;
  • language variation across registers and detailed analyses of single registers;
  • diachronic linguistic change within or across registers;
  • language for specific purposes and English for academic purposes;
  • methodological approaches to the study of register;
  • corpus design issues and new corpora for register studies;
  • the application of register analysis in language learning, teaching, and assessment.

Register Studies is highly interdisciplinary, welcoming scholarship on register from areas such as corpus linguistics, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, Systemic Functional Linguistics, language teaching, and computational linguistics. Research on English-language registers, analyses of registers in languages other than English, and cross-linguistic comparisons of registers are welcome. Register Studies regularly publishes reviews of books, corpora, and research tools focused on register research. All contributions undergo double-blind peer review.

Register Studies publishes its articles Online First.

ISSN 2542-9477 | E-ISSN 2542-9485
Sample issue: RS 1:1
Jesse Egbert | Northern Arizona University | Register.Studies at
Bethany Gray | Iowa State University | Register.Studies at
Consulting Editor
Douglas Biber | Northern Arizona University
Editorial Board
Shlomo Argamon | Illinois Institute of Technology
Paul Baker | Lancaster University
Tony Berber Sardinha | São Paulo Catholic University
Susan Conrad | Portland State University
Edward Finegan | University of Southern California
Marianne Hundt | University of Zurich
Ken Hyland | University of East Anglia
Budsaba Kanoksilapatham | Silpakorn University
Merja Kytö | Uppsala University
Michaela Mahlberg | University of Birmingham
Christian M.I.M. Matthiessen | Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Anna Mauranen | University of Helsinki
Magali Paquot | UC Louvain
Giovanni Parodi † | Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaiso
Alan Partington | University of Bologna
Pascual Pérez-Paredes | University of Murcia
Randi Reppen | Northern Arizona University
Françoise Salager-Meyer | Universidade de Los Andes
Mary J. Schleppegrell | University of Michigan
Elena Seoane | Universidad de Vigo
Serge Sharoff | Leeds University
Shelley Staples | University of Arizona
Maite Taboada | Simon Fraser University
Paul Thompson | University of Birmingham
Subscription Info
Current issue: 3:2, available as of January 2022
Next issue: 4:1, expected December 2022

General information about our electronic journals.

Subscription rates

All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

Online-only Print + online
Volume 5 (2023): 2 issues; ca. 300 pp. EUR 180.00 EUR 203.00
Volume 4 (2022): 2 issues; ca. 300 pp. EUR 180.00 EUR 199.00

Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 70.00 (online‑only: EUR 65.00)
Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

Available back-volumes

Online-only Print + online
Complete backset
(Vols. 1‒3; 2019‒2021)
6 issues;
900 pp.
EUR 536.00 EUR 593.00
Volumes 2‒3 (2020‒2021) 2 issues; avg. 300 pp. EUR 180.00 each EUR 199.00 each
Volume 1 (2019) 2 issues; 300 pp. EUR 176.00 EUR 195.00

Volume 4 (2022)

Volume 3 (2021)

Volume 2 (2020)

Volume 1 (2019)

Latest articles

15 September 2022

  • Multi-Dimensional Exploratory Factor Analysis of TED talks
    Peter Wingrove Peter Crosthwaite | RS 4:1 (2022) p. 91
  • 14 June 2022

  • Assessing linguistic complexity and register flexibility in advanced second language learners : Evidence from group- and individual-level analyses
    Elma Kerz , Stella Neumann Paula Niemietz | RS 4:1 (2022) pp. 55–90
  • 9 June 2022

  • TV shows, authenticity, and language learning : A corpus-based case study
    Mansoor Al-Surmi | RS 4:1 (2022) pp. 30–54
  • 14 January 2022

  • Register in L1 and L2 language development
    Bethany Gray Jesse Egbert | RS 3:2 (2021) pp. 177–179
  • 23 December 2021

  • Stylistic variation in email
    David West Brown Michael Laudenbach | RS 4:1 (2022) pp. 1–29
  • 7 December 2021

  • How can register analysis inform task-based language teaching?
    William J. Crawford Meixiu Zhang | RS 3:2 (2021) pp. 180–206
  • 30 November 2021

  • L2 Theme development in Discursive and Experimental undergraduate student writing
    Xiao Chen Sheena Gardner | RS 3:2 (2021) pp. 247–278
  • 23 November 2021

  • Register variation in school EFL textbooks
    Elen Le Foll | RS 3:2 (2021) pp. 207–246
  • 14 October 2021

  • Exploring register with The Prime Machine : Promoting register awareness through a module for English majors at a Sino-British university in China
    Stephen Jeaco | RS 3:2 (2021) pp. 279–298
  • 3 June 2021

  • Diachronic register change : A corpus-based study of Australian English, with comparisons across British and American English
    Peter Collins , Minna Korhonen , Haidee Kotze , Adam Smith Xinyue Yao | RS 3:1 (2021) pp. 33–87
  • Register variation in L1 and L2 student writing : A multidimensional analysis
    Larissa Goulart | RS 3:1 (2021) pp. 115–143
  • The influence of the benchmark corpus on keyword analysis
    Punjaporn Pojanapunya Richard Watson Todd | RS 3:1 (2021) p. 88
  • Genre annotation for the Web : Text-external and text-internal perspectives
    Serge Sharoff | RS 3:1 (2021) pp. 1–32
  • 25 May 2021

  • Multiple Correspondence Analysis, newspaper discourse and subregister : A case study of discourses of Islam in the British press
    Isobelle Clarke , Tony McEnery Gavin Brookes | RS 3:1 (2021) pp. 144–171
  • 2 April 2021

  • D. Biber S. Conrad . 2019. Register, genre, and style (2nd ed.)
    Reviewed by Ethan M. Lynn | RS 3:1 (2021) pp. 172–176
  • Guidelines

    Submission Guidelines

    Authors wishing to submit articles for publication in Register Studies are requested to do so through the journal’s online submission and manuscript tracking site. All other enquiries should be directed towards the editors by e-mailing the journal at: Register.Studies at

    Manuscripts submitted to Register Studies will undergo double-blind peer review and will be evaluated based on their originality, methodological rigor, significance of findings, and quality of presentation. Manuscripts submitted for consideration to the journal should not be previously published or being considered for publication elsewhere.

    All submissions to Register Studies should be written in English and prepared according to the following guidelines.

    Anonymizing Papers for Review

    For review purposes, all author names and affiliations should be removed from the title page. However, because of the value for reviewers in being able to consider a manuscript within the context of related previous work, references to works by the author should not be removed or replaced with Author (date). Instead, full references should be maintained within the manuscript and in the reference list, and all references to the works by the author(s) should be discussed in the third person in a way that maintains the anonymity of the author(s). For example, in a manuscript authored by Jane Smith, a reference to Smith (2015) could be structured as “This study adopts the framework used in Smith (2015), in which they operationalized X as Y” instead of “This study adopts the framework used in Author (2015), in which we operationalized X as Y”.


    Full-length articles reporting on empirical or theoretical research should be 7,000-9,000 words. Critical reviews of books, corpora, and software/tools relevant to register research should be 1,500-2,000 words. Descriptions of corpora or datasets and methodological papers should be 5,000-6,000 words. Word limits should be adhered to closely; tables, references, notes, and appendices should be included in the word counts.


    Full-length articles and descriptions of corpora and methods should include an abstract that is 150 words long. Reviews do not require an abstract.


    All submissions should include four to six keywords that can be used for indexing purposes.


    All submissions should be presented in Times New Roman, 11 or 12-point font. Please include page numbers in the manuscript.

    Sections and Section Headings

    All sections should be numbered and labeled with a descriptive title. Please do not exceed three levels of headings. Section numbering should follow the pattern 1, 2 (for level one); 1.1, 1.2 (for level two); and 1.1.1, 1.1.2 (for level three).

    Tables, Figures, and Other Graphics

    In the initial submission, authors should place tables, figures, and other graphics within the paper in the desired location. However, authors should be prepared to submit original artwork files separately upon final accepted submission. All tables and figures should be numbered consecutively and include a caption that is informative and concise. All tables and figures should be introduced in the text.

    In-text references

    References in the text should follow the Name (year) format. Use et al. for three or more authors after the first mention (include all authors in the reference list). Examples:

    Smith (2005)
    Harding and Jones (2009)
    Johnson et al. (2014)
    Jones (2007, 2010)

    When both the name and the year is placed in parentheses, do not include a comma between the name and date; replace ‘and’ with ‘&’. When page numbers are required, follow the format year + colon + page numbers (no ‘pp.’). Examples:

    (Smith 2005)
    (Smith 2005: 56-58)
    (Harding & Jones 2007)
    (Johnson et al. 2014: 43)

    If there are multiple references to the same author within one parenthetical, separate years with a comma. Example:

    (Biber 1988, 1994, 2006)

    If there are multiple references to different authors within one parenthetical, separate each reference with a semi-colon. Examples:

    (Smith 2005; Harding & Jones 2007; Johnson et al. 2014)
    (Biber 1988, 1994, 2006; Biber & Finegan 1994)


    Use double quotes for shorter quotations. Quotations longer than 40 words should be displayed as an indented block quote. Any quotations within the main quote should use single quotes.

    Language examples

    Language examples and linguistic items within the main text should be in italics, with bolding for further emphasis:

    Standalone examples should be set apart from the main text with blank lines before and after, indented, and numbered. Examples should be referred to in the text by number (e.g., Example 1 shows that…). Italics, bold, and underlining can be used for further emphasis if needed. Examples:

    (1) Specifically, we were interested in investigating the quantitative difference in the use of grammatical  structures associated with registers over time.

    (2) This may be explained by the presence of high fluctuations in the 1 min. data.

    Longer examples (i.e., multiple sentences) should be labeled as Text Sample 1, Text Sample 2, and so on. These longer examples should be indented from the main text (see Biber’s article in RS 1:1 2019 for an example).

    Terms and Emphasis

    Within the text, if additional formatting is needed to indicate a term, single quotation marks should be used:

    To mark emphasis, use italics (however, this should be used sparingly). Example:


    In order to maintain anonymity, acknowledgements, if any, should not be included in the initial submission. Authors of accepted papers may include a brief acknowledgements section in the final submission. This should be an unnumbered section immediately following the conclusion.


    Use endnotes rather than footnotes. These should be numbered consecutively throughout the paper and included as an unnumbered section following the conclusion or acknowledgements section.

    Reference list

    The full reference list should follow guidelines provided by the American Psychological Association (6th edition). A few examples follow; please consult the APA manual for full details.


    Biber, D., & Conrad, S. (2009). Register, genre, and style. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Leech, G. (2004). Meaning and the English verb (3rd ed.). London: Routledge.

    Journal Articles

    Matthiessen, C. (2015). Register in the round: Registerial cartography. Functional Linguistics,  2(9), 1-48.

    Szmrecsanyi, B., Biber, D., Egbert, J., & Franco, K. (2016). Towards more accountability: Modeling ternary genitive variation in Late Modern English. Language Variation and  Change, 28(1), 1-29.

    Book Chapters

    Ferguson, C. (1994). Dialect, register, and genre: Working assumptions about conventionalization. In D. Biber & E. Finegan (Eds.), Sociolinguistic perspectives on  register (pp. 15-30). Oxford: Oxford University Press.


    One or more appendix sections may be included after the references section.

    Copyright permission

    It is the responsibility of the author to obtain permission to reproduce any material that has been previously published.


    Register Studies offers  online submission .

    Before submitting, please consult the  guidelines  and the  Short Guide to EM for Authors .

    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors via e-mail: Register.Studies at


    John Benjamins journals are committed to maintaining the highest standards of publication ethics and to supporting ethical research practices. Please read this Ethics Statement.

    Rights and Permissions

    Authors must ensure that they have permission to use any third-party material in their contribution; the permission should include perpetual (not time-limited) world-wide distribution in print and electronic format.

    For information on authors' rights, please consult the rights information page.

    Open Access

    For information about permission to post a version of your article online or in an institutional repository ('green' open access or self-archiving), please consult the rights information page.

    This journal offers the possibility for accepted papers to be published Open Access through payment of an Article Publication Charge (APC) of EUR 1800 (excl. tax); more information can be found on the publisher's Open Access Policy page.

    Corresponding authors from institutions with which John Benjamins has a Read & Publish arrangement can publish Open Access without paying a fee; information on the institutions and which articles qualify, can be found on this page.


    John Benjamins Publishing Company has an agreement in place with Portico for the archiving of all its online journals and e-books.


    Main BIC Subject

    CFB: Sociolinguistics

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009050: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Sociolinguistics