Interaction Studies | Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems

This international, peer-reviewed journal aims to advance knowledge in the growing and strongly interdisciplinary area of Interaction Studies in biological and artificial systems. Understanding social behaviour and communication in biological and artificial systems requires knowledge of evolutionary, developmental and neurobiological aspects of social behaviour and communication; the embodied nature of interactions; origins and characteristics of social and narrative intelligence; perception, action and communication in the context of dynamic and social environments; social learning, adaptation and imitation; social behaviour in human-machine interactions; the nature of empathic understanding, behaviour and intention reading; minimal requirements and systems exhibiting social behaviour; the role of cultural factors in shaping social behaviour and communication in biological or artificial societies.

The journal welcomes contributions that analyze social behaviour in humans and other animals as well as research into the design and synthesis of robotic, software, virtual and other artificial systems, including applications such as exploiting human-machine interactions for educational or therapeutic purposes. Fields of interest comprise evolutionary biology, artificial intelligence, artificial life, robotics, psychology, cognitive neuroscience, computational neuroscience, cognitive modeling, ethology, social and biological anthropology, palaeontology, animal behaviour, linguistics.

Interaction Studies publishes research articles, research reports, and book reviews.

Interaction Studiesis a successor of Evolution of Communication. While IS significantly broadens the original aims and scope of EoC, we clearly continue to encourage researchers studying the origins of human language and the evolutionary continuum of communication in general to submit high quality manuscripts to Interaction Studies.

ISSN 1572-0373 | E-ISSN 1572-0381
Sample issue: IS 18:1
Kerstin Dautenhahn | University of Waterloo
Angelo Cangelosi | University of Manchester
Associate Editors
Marc Bekoff | University of Colorado, USA
Justine Cassell | HCII, Carnegie Mellon University, USA & Inria Paris, France
Jean-Louis Dessalles | Telecom ParisTech, France
Harold Gouzoules | Emory University, USA
James Hurford | University of Edinburgh, UK
Tetsuro Matsuzawa | Caltech: California Institute of Technology, USA
Robert W. Mitchell | Eastern Kentucky University, USA
Yoshihiro Miyake | Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
Chrystopher L. Nehaniv | University of Waterloo, Canada
Jacqueline Nadel | Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, France
Irene M. Pepperberg | University of Harvard, USA
Giulio Sandini | University of Genova, Italy
Guy Theraulaz | CNRS - Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, France
Michael Tomasello | Duke University, USA
Tomio Watanabe | Okayama Prefectural University, Japan
Editorial Board
Harold Bekkering | Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Aude Billard | EPFL, Swiss Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland
Cynthia Breazeal | MIT Media Laboratory, USA
Paul Brna | University of Leeds, UK
Josep Call | University of St. Andrews, UK
Lola Cañamero | University of Hertfordshire, UK
Yiannis Demiris | Imperial College London, UK
Merlin Donald | Queen's University, Canada
Bruce Edmonds | Manchester Metropolitan University, UK
Philippe Gaussier | University of Cergy-Pontoise, France
R. Peter Hobson | University College London, UK
Marco Iacoboni | University of California - Los Angeles, USA
Takashi Ikegami | University of Tokyo, Japan
Kevin Laland | University of St. Andrews, Scotland, UK
Dominic W. Massaro | University of California - Santa Cruz, USA
Wolfgang Prinz | Max-Planck-Institute for Psychological Research, Germany
Michael J. Ryan | University of Texas, USA
Phoebe Sengers | Cornell University, USA
Elke Zimmermann | Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover, Germany
Subscription Info
Current issue: 22:1, available as of September 2021

General information about our electronic journals.

Subscription rates

All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

Online-only Print + online
Volume 23 (2022): 3 issues; ca. 480 pp. EUR 348.00 EUR 404.00
Volume 22 (2021): 3 issues; ca. 480 pp. EUR 348.00 EUR 404.00

Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 80.00 (online‑only: EUR 75.00)
Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

For back-volumes 1–4 see Evolution of Communication

Available back-volumes

Online-only Print + online
Complete backset
(Vols. 5‒21; 2004‒2020)
51 issues;
8,210 pp.
EUR 5,433.00 EUR 5,831.00
Volume 21 (2020) 3 issues; 480 pp. EUR 348.00 EUR 404.00
Volume 20 (2019) 3 issues; 480 pp. EUR 341.00 EUR 396.00
Volume 19 (2018) 3 issues; 480 pp. EUR 331.00 EUR 384.00
Volume 18 (2017) 3 issues; 480 pp. EUR 321.00 EUR 373.00
Volume 17 (2016) 3 issues; 480 pp. EUR 321.00 EUR 362.00
Volume 16 (2015) 3 issues; 480 pp. EUR 321.00 EUR 351.00
Volume 15 (2014) 3 issues; 480 pp. EUR 321.00 EUR 341.00
Volume 14 (2013) 3 issues; 480 pp. EUR 321.00 EUR 331.00
Volumes 5‒13 (2004‒2012) 3 issues; avg. 485 pp. EUR 312.00 each EUR 321.00 each

Volume 22 (2021)

Volume 21 (2020)

Volume 20 (2019)

Volume 19 (2018)

Volume 18 (2017)

Volume 17 (2016)

Volume 16 (2015)

Volume 15 (2014)

Volume 14 (2013)

Volume 13 (2012)

Volume 12 (2011)

Volume 11 (2010)

Volume 10 (2009)

Volume 9 (2008)

Volume 8 (2007)

Volume 7 (2006)

Volume 6 (2005)

Volume 5 (2004)


Interaction Studies offers online submission .

Before submitting, please consult the guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors .

If you are not able to submit online , or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors via e-mail:

Prof. Kerstin Dautenhahn: kerstin.dautenhahn at
Prof. Angelo Cangelosi: angelo.cangelosi at

Call for Papers

Call for Papers

Special Issue: Socially Acceptable Robot Behavior: Approaches for Learning, Adaptation and Evaluation.
Special Issue: How will Autonomous Robots and Systems Influence the Society?
Special Issue: Quality of Interaction in Socially Assistive Robotics (QISAR 2020).
Special Issue: Child-Robot Interaction: Design, Evaluation, and Novel Solutions.


  1. Research articles should not exceed 8000 words.
    Research reports -- brief reports on original and significant findings, including on-going work and pilot studies -- should be 2000-3000 words. These short papers have the same acceptance standard as long papers. The submission of initial results which will lead to more substantial papers is generally discouraged.
  2. Contributions should be in British or American English and should follow the American Psychological Association (APA) style. If not written by a native speaker of English it is advisable to have the paper checked by a native speaker.
  3. Manuscripts: Please submit an electronic file of your paper (preferably in PDF), double spaced, with margins of 3 cm all round. The first page of a manuscript should contain the title of the article, the name, affiliation, email and postal address of each author. Followed by a self-contained abstract in English (max. 150 words) that includes the keywords pertaining to your article, and a biographical note about the author(s) of not more than 100 words.
  4. Please include page and line numbers in your manuscript.
  5. Upon acceptance the author will be requested to send the final version electronically in any standard word processing format, preferably in Word (MIME, UU, or Binhex encoding) or Latex, and send a matching paper copy by mail. Special fonts and illustrations should be added in their original format.
  6. Authors are responsible for observing the laws of copyright when quoting or reproducing material from other sources. The copyright to articles published in Interaction Studies is held by the Publisher. A Copyright Assignment form will be provided to you by the Editors upon acceptance of your article. Permissions for the author to use the article elsewhere will not be withheld unreasonably upon written request.
  7. Papers should be reasonably divided into sections and, if necessary, subsections.
  8. Examples should be numbered with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.) in parentheses and set apart from the main text. For examples in which there are both audio and visual components that need transcription, the Editors recommend that the visual components be indicated immediately above the line transcribing the sound. In this way, interlinear glosses and translations can be added below, as necessary, according to the following conventions.
    (1) Kare wa besutoseraa o takusan kaite-iru.
      he TOP best-seller ACC many write-PERF
      'He has written many best-sellers.'

    Please use CAPs for abbreviations in the interlinear gloss which will be converted to small caps in the final version.

  9. Line drawings (Figures) and photographs (Plates) should be submitted as reproducible originals or as high resolution TIF or EPS files accompanied by the original creation files and a hard copy. They should be numbered consecutively and appropriate captions should be provided. Reference to any Figures or Plates should be made in the main text (see Figure 1) and an indication should be given where they should appear approximately [FIGURE 1 ABOUT HERE]. Please note that the print edition of the journal is in black & white only. Color will appear in the electronic edition.
  10. Audio-Visual information and data that are not suitable for printing in the journal may be placed in Interaction Studies accompanying electronic edition. Please consult with the Editors as to the necessity of such additional information (max. 8 Mb). Color pictures, sound and videoclips can be submitted in formats that are suitable for both Mac and Windows, for instance as QuickTime MOVs.
  11. Tables should be numbered consecutively and should be referred to in the main text.
  12. Notes should be kept to an absolute minimum. They should be numbered consecutively throughout the paper.
  13. References: References in the text should follow the APA style (7th edition): (Brown, 1989, pp. 224-256). The References section should follow the notes and should list all references cited in the main text. References should be listed (1) alphabetically and (2) chronologically. Journal titles should always be given in full with page references. Examples:

    a. Book (monograph)
    Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. (1951). La genèse de l'idée de hasard chez l'enfant [The origin of the idea of chance in the child]. Presses Universitaires de France.
    Rosenthal, R. (1987). Meta-analytic procedures for social research (Rev. ed.). Sage.

    b. Book (edited volume)
    Jones, X., Smith, Y., Jr., & Zunee, F. R. (Eds.). (2000). How volumes are edited. Publisher.

    c. Articles/chapters in books
    Baker, F.M., & Lightfoot, O.B. (1993). Psychiatric care of ethnic elders. In A.C. Gaw (Ed.), Culture, ethnicity, and mental illness (pp. 517-552). American Psychiatric Press.

    d. Articles in journals
    Fower, B.J., & Olson, D.H. (1993). ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Scale: A brief research and clinical tool. Journal of Family Psychology, 7, 176-185.
    Gibbons, A. (2002, February 15). In search of the first Hominids. Science, 295, 1214-1219.

    e. Other (reviews, papers, dissertations)
    Baumeister, R.F. (1993). Exposing the self-knowledge myth [Review of The self-knower: A hero under control]. Contemporary Psychology, 38, 466-467.
    Lanktree, C., & Briere, J. (1991, January). Early data on the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSC-C). Paper presented at the meeting of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children, San Diego, CA.
    Wilfley, D.E. (1989). Interpersonal analyses of bulimia: Normal-weight and obese. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia. Please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.) for details.

  14. Authors are kindly requested to check their manuscripts and electronic files very carefully before submission in order to avoid delays and extra costs at the proof stage. Once a paper is accepted for publication, it will be allocated to a forthcoming issue and the author will receive page proofs by email in PDF format for final correction. These must be returned to the journal Editor by the dates determined by the publication schedule. Any author's alterations other than typographical corrections in the page proofs may be charged to the author at the publisher's discretion.
  15. Please make sure that you include all authors and their affiliations on submission (on a cover sheet/in EM). In general, we will not permit adding authors or making changes to the order of authors after the article is accepted for publication. After acceptance it is still possible to add an affiliation for individual authors, if an author moved to another institution during the process of reviewing and revising. Removing affiliations would, in principle, never be necessary -- if an author did (part of) the research and writing while affiliated with an institution, that still remains relevant, even if they moved before the article entered the production process.
  16. On submission of the accepted, final version to the editors, please include in the article itself, below the title, a list of all authors in the order in which they should appear in the publication and for each author:
    Name(s) as they should appear in the publication
    Affiliation(s): Please use the name that your institution (at the highest level, usually the name of the university) has established for international usage, either in English, or in one of the official languages of the institution. If your article is written in a language other than English and not one of the languages for which your institution has established an official name, do not translate the name yourself, as this makes it harder or even impossible for us to recognize publications from the same institution. If your institution has a name that is not unique in the world (in English), please add as much information as is needed -- city, country -- to allow for identification. If you have more than one affiliation, please provide each affiliation separated by an ampersand ' & '. ORCID, if available
  17. Funding information
    If you received funding through a grant for the research that is discussed in the article, provide details on this, including funder name and grant number in a separate section called “Funding information” before (an Acknowledgment section and) the References.
  18. Acknowledgments
    Please add any acknowledgments (other than funding information, see above) in a separate, unnumbered section entitled “Acknowledgments”, placed before the References section.
  19. For information on Open Access options please see our Open Access Policy.
  20. Manuscripts can be submitted through the journal's online submission and manuscript tracking site . Please consult the Short Guide to EM for Authors before you submit your paper.
    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors by e-mail:

    Prof. Kerstin Dautenhahn: kerstin.dautenhahn at
    Prof. Angelo Cangelosi: angelo.cangelosi at


Interaction Studies

Interaction Studies

Main BIC Subject

UYQ: Artificial intelligence

Main BISAC Subject

SCI075000: SCIENCE / Philosophy & Social Aspects