Australian Review of Applied Linguistics

The Australian Review of Applied Linguistics (ARAL) is the preeminent journal of the Applied Linguistics Association of Australia (ALAA). ARAL is a peer reviewed journal that promotes scholarly discussion and contemporary understandings of language-related matters with a view to impacting on real-world problems and debates. The journal publishes empirical and theoretical research on language/s in educational, professional, institutional and community settings. ARAL welcomes national and international submissions presenting research related to any of the major sub-disciplines of Applied Linguistics as well as transdisciplinary studies. Areas of particular interest include but are not limited to:

· Analysis of discourse and interaction
· Assessment and evaluation
· Bi/multilingualism and bi/multilingual education
· Corpus linguistics
· Cognitive linguistics
· Language, culture and identity
· Language maintenance and revitalization
· Language planning and policy
· Language teaching and learning, including specific languages and TESOL
· Pragmatics
· Research design and methodology
· Second language acquisition
· Sociolinguistics
· Language and technology
· Translating and interpreting

There are three issues of ARAL per year including a special issue focusing on critical aspects and developments in the field.

ARAL publishes its articles Online First.

John Benjamins Publishing Company is the official publisher of the journal, as of Volume 39 (2016).
Additionally, thematic issues have appeared in Australian Review of Applied Linguistics. Series S .
ISSN 0155-0640 | E-ISSN 1833-7139
Sample issue: ARAL 40:1
Sender Dovchin | Curtin University | araleditor at
Rhonda Oliver | Curtin University
Review Editor
Julian Chen | Curtin University
Editorial Assistant
Tatiana Bogachenko | Curtin University
Editorial Board
Gary Barkhuizen | University of Auckland
Chris Davison | University of New South Wales
Andy Kirkpatrick | Griffith University
Ute Knoch | University of Melbourne
Li Wei | University College London
Joseph Lo Bianco | University of Melbourne
Ian G. Malcolm | Edith Cowan University
Gillian S. Dr. Martin | Trinity College Dublin
Howard Nicholas | La Trobe University
Lourdes Ortega | Georgetown University
Alison Phipps | University of Glasgow
Ingrid Piller | Macquarie University
Angela Scarino | University of South Australia
Lawrence Jun Zhang | University of Auckland
Subscription Info
Current issue: 44:3, available as of September 2021

General information about our electronic journals.

Subscription rates

All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

Online-only Print + online
Volume 45 (2022): 3 issues; ca. 375 pp. EUR 167.00 EUR 189.00
Volume 44 (2021): 3 issues; ca. 300 pp. EUR 148.00 EUR 168.00

Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 70.00 (online‑only: EUR 65.00)
Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

Available back-volumes

Online-only Print + online
Complete backset
(Vols. 1‒43; 1977‒2020)
100 issues;
12,881 pp.
EUR 3,508.00 EUR 4,978.00
Volume 43 (2020) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 148.00 EUR 168.00
Volume 42 (2019) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 145.00 EUR 165.00
Volume 41 (2018) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 141.00 EUR 160.00
Volume 40 (2017) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 137.00 EUR 155.00
Volume 39 (2016) 3 issues; 300 pp. EUR 137.00 EUR 150.00
Volumes 29‒38 (2006‒2015) 3 issues; avg. 329 pp. Open Access EUR 110.00 each
Volumes 1‒28 (1977‒2005) 2 issues; avg. 288 pp. EUR 100.00 each EUR 110.00 each
IssuesOnline-first articles

Volume 44 (2021)

Volume 43 (2020)

Volume 42 (2019)

Volume 41 (2018)

Volume 40 (2017)

Volume 39 (2016)

Volume 38 (2015)

Volume 37 (2014)

Volume 36 (2013)

Volume 35 (2012)

Volume 34 (2011)

Volume 33 (2010)

Volume 32 (2009)

Volume 31 (2008)

Volume 30 (2007)

Volume 29 (2006)

Volume 28 (2005)

Volume 27 (2004)

Volume 26 (2003)

Volume 25 (2002)

Volume 24 (2001)

Volume 23 (2000)

Volume 22 (1999)

Volume 21 (1998)

Volume 20 (1997)

Volume 19 (1996)

Volume 18 (1995)

Volume 17 (1994)

Volume 16 (1993)

Volume 15 (1992)

Volume 13 (1991)

Volume 13 (1990)

Volume 12 (1989)

Volume 11 (1988)

Volume 10 (1987)

Volume 9 (1986)

Volume 8 (1985)

Volume 7 (1984)

Volume 6 (1983)

Volume 5 (1982)

Volume 4 (1981)

Volume 3 (1980)

Volume 2 (1979)

Volume 1 (1977/78)

Latest articles

16 September 2021

  • Editorial : Identity, translanguaging, Second Life, and second language education
    ARAL 44:3 (2021) pp. 261–264
  • 2 August 2021

  • Understanding textual meaning-making in Chinese high school EFL learners’ writing : A systemic functional perspective
    Winfred Wenhui Xuan & Dongbing Zhang
  • 26 July 2021

  • Should Munanga learn Kriol? Exploring attitudes to non-Indigenous acquisition of Kriol language in Ngukurr
    Caroline Hendy & Catherine Bow
  • 19 July 2021

  • Atsushi Hasegawa . 2019. The social lives of study abroad: Understanding second language learners’ experiences through social network analysis and conversation analysis
    Reviewed by Wendong Li & Yandan Zhu
  • 16 July 2021

  • Understanding the translingual practices among international students in multilingual cities
    Yijun Yin , Alice Chik & Garry Falloon
  • 8 July 2021

  • Second language learners’ engagement with written feedback
    Kailin Liu & Neomy Storch
  • 7 July 2021

  • EMI-cum-acceleration policy in the contemporary transnational HE market : Experiences of Saudi engineering students
    Osman Z. Barnawi | ARAL 44:2 (2021) pp. 208–228
  • EMI and the international branch campus : Examining language ideologies, policies, and practices
    Sara Hillman , Keith M. Graham & Zohreh R. Eslami | ARAL 44:2 (2021) pp. 229–252
  • “We have no Chinese classmates” : International students, internationalization, and medium of instruction in Chinese universities
    Meng Liu & Phan Le Ha | ARAL 44:2 (2021) pp. 180–207
  • Discursive ripple effects in language policy and practice : Multilingualism and English as an academic lingua franca in transnational higher education
    Wanyu Amy Ou , Mingyue Michelle Gu & Francis M. Hult | ARAL 44:2 (2021) pp. 154–179
  • Implementing English-medium instruction : Comparing policy to practice at a Turkish university
    Kari Sahan | ARAL 44:2 (2021) pp. 129–153
  • The E’s of TNHE and EMI : A phenomenographic lens
    Dudley Reynolds | ARAL 44:2 (2021) pp. 253–259
  • Problematizing language policy and practice in EMI and transnational higher education : Challenges and possibilities
    Peter I. De Costa , Curtis Green-Eneix & Wendy Li | ARAL 44:2 (2021) pp. 115–128
  • 25 May 2021

  • Gary Barkhuizen Pat Strauss . 2020. Communicating identities
    Reviewed by Marilyn Lewis
  • 23 April 2021

  • Community presence, motivation, and identity : The Community-engaged L2 Self of university students of Italian in Melbourne
    Riccardo Amorati
  • 21 January 2021

  • Korean Bibimbap mothers’ family language policies (FLPs) for their children’s bilingualism in Australia
    Eun Kyong Park , Gregory Vass & Chris Davison
  • Input–output relation in second language acquisition : Textbook and learner writing for adult English-speaking beginners of Korean
    Gyu-Ho Shin & Boo Kyung Jung
  • 12 January 2021

  • Student teachers’ expectations and their sense of fulfillment in a TESOL program
    Yoko Mori & Elke Stracke
  • 18 December 2020

  • Being native and being foreign : Native JFL teachers’ linguistic identity at tertiary institutions in New Zealand and Australia
    Harumi Minagawa & Dallas Nesbitt
  • 26 November 2020

  • Translingual identity : Perpetual foreigner stereotype of the Eastern-European immigrants in Australia
    Ana Tankosić
  • 9 October 2020

  • Patricia Friedrich . 2019. Applied linguistics in the real world
    Reviewed by Moslem Yousefi & Fatemeh Mardian | ARAL 44:3 (2021) pp. 347–352
  • 5 October 2020

  • Journal publication productivity, impact, and quality among Applied Linguistics and TESOL academics in the Group of Eight Australian Universities
    Mehdi Riazi , Heather Cooper & Grai Calvey
  • 24 September 2020

  • The evidence-based intervention for teaching the Chinese language in Australian classrooms
    Dave Yan
  • 17 September 2020

  • Cultural and politico-religious challenges impacting critical reading of text for Iranian postgraduates in Australia
    Hossein Shokouhi & Amin Zaini
  • 11 September 2020

  • Editorial
    ARAL 43:3 (2020) pp. 225–227
  • 20 August 2020

  • “Actually, in my culture…” Identity, positioning, and intersubjectivity in cross-cultural interviews
    Olivia Groves , Honglin Chen & Irina Verenikina
  • 6 August 2020

  • Repetitive bundles in Malaysian learner writing
    Siti Aeisha Joharry | ARAL 44:1 (2021) p. 82
  • Variation in experiencing boredom during self-directed learning in a virtual world : The case of one English major
    Mariusz Kruk | ARAL 44:3 (2021) pp. 289–308
  • 31 July 2020

  • Identities and beliefs across time and space : A case study of a university student’s second language learning trajectory
    Chit Cheung Matthew Sung | ARAL 44:3 (2021) pp. 265–288
  • 28 July 2020

  • “I’m kind of agnostic” : Belief discourse by second-generation migrants in a religious classroom
    Nirukshi Perera | ARAL 44:3 (2021) pp. 328–346
  • H. Reinders , D. Nunan B. Zou (Eds.). 2017. Innovation in language learning and teaching: The case of China
    Reviewed by Yuehai Xiao , Yunzhuo Ma & Wenting Chen | ARAL 44:1 (2021) pp. 109–114
  • 8 July 2020

  • Indonesian language education in Australia : Patterns of provision and contending ideologies
    Michelle Kohler | ARAL 44:3 (2021) pp. 309–327
  • 3 July 2020

  • ‘Is this normal?’ : Examining sex education in a corpus of magazine advice columns
    Georgia Carr | ARAL 43:2 (2020) pp. 145–168
  • Taking DDL online : Designing, implementing and evaluating a SPOC on data-driven learning for tertiary L2 writing
    Peter Crosthwaite | ARAL 43:2 (2020) pp. 169–195
  • Ten years of print media coverage of NAPLAN : A corpus-assisted assessment
    Nicole Mockler | ARAL 43:2 (2020) pp. 117–144
  • How Learner Corpus Research can inform language learning and teaching : An analysis of adjective amplification among L1 and L2 English speakers
    Martin Schweinberger | ARAL 43:2 (2020) pp. 196–218
  • Laurence Anthony . 2018. Introducing English for specific purposes
    Reviewed by Hien Hoang | ARAL 43:2 (2020) pp. 219–223
  • Corpus linguistics and education in Australia
    Monika Bednarek , Peter Crosthwaite & Alexandra I. García | ARAL 43:2 (2020) pp. 105–116
  • 5 June 2020

  • Ergoic framing in New Right online groups : Q, the MAGA kid, and the Deep State theory
    Ondřej Procházka & Jan Blommaert | ARAL 44:1 (2021) p. 4
  • 29 May 2020

  • The discursive (mis)representation of English language proficiency : International students in the Australian media
    Agnes Bodis | ARAL 44:1 (2021) pp. 37–64
  • 29 April 2020

  • The interplay of avatar identities, self-efficacy, and language practices
    Julian ChengChiang Chen | ARAL 44:1 (2021) pp. 65–81
  • Submission

    Authors are invited to submit their contribution through the journal’s online submission and manuscript tracking site. Please consult the guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors before you submit your paper.

    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors by e-mail: araleditor at



    Australian Review of Applied Linguistics


    For the benefit of production efficiency, the publisher and the editor ask you to follow the following submission guidelines strictly. Papers that do not follow these guidelines will be returned to the author.

    Contributions should be consistent in their use of language and spelling.

    Electronic files

    Files. Contributions should be between 6000 - 8000 words for an article and 1500-2000 words for book reviews (inclusive of the references, tables and figures, captions, footnotes, and appendixes). They should be in English following the American Psychological Association (APA) style. Authors are expected to follow the layout and formatting guidelines specified below, and are advised to check their paper for grammatical and stylistic consistency in English before submission.

    Please take care that you supply all the files, text as well as graphic files, used in the creation of the manuscript, and be sure to submit the final version of the manuscript. And please delete any personal comments so that these will not mistakenly be typeset and check that all files are readable.

    File naming conventions. When naming your file please use the following convention: use the first three characters of the first author’s last name; if that name is Johnson, the file should be named JOH.DOC, JOH.WP5, etc. Do not use the three character extension for things other than the identification of the file type (not JOH.ART, JOH.REV). Figures can be named as follows JOH1.EPS, JOH2.TIF, JOH3.XLS, etc.

    Software. Word (PC/Mac) is preferred. If you intend to use other word processing software, please contact the editors first.

    Graphic files: Please supply figures as Encapsulated Postscript (EPS) or Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) conversion in addition to the original creation files.

    For graphics that are not available in digital format, such as photographs, spectrographs, etc., please provide sharp and clear prints (not photocopies) in black & white.


    When preparing your manuscript, please order the sections in the following way: title, author’s name and affiliation (only in the accepted final draft), abstract, keywords, numbered sections and subsections, funding information (see the explanation below), acknowledgements (see the explanation below), reference list, appendixes.

    The ARAL journal provides a vibrant platform to address and discuss current issues in Applied Linguistics. Understanding that our contributors are also readers of ARAL, we encourage authors, where appropriate, to consider and engage with the academic discussion from previously published ARAL papers.

    Funding information
    If you received funding through a grant for the research that is discussed in the article, provide details on this, including funder name and grant number in a separate section called “Funding information” before (an Acknowledgment section and) the References.

    Please add any acknowledgments (other than funding information, see above) in a separate, unnumbered section entitled “Acknowledgments”, placed before the References section.


    In order to facilitate smooth production, it is important that you follow the journal’s style for consistency. In this respect we advise you to make use of our electronic styles in addition to these guidelines.

    Do not add running heads, implement full justification or hyphenation, or the exact margin settings as used by Benjamins in printing. It is sufficient to characterize elements such as examples, quotations, tables, headings etc. in the formatting in a clear and consistent way, so that they can be identified and formatted in the style of the journal.

    Formatting that should be supplied by you is the formatting of references (see below) and font enhancements (such as italics, bold, caps, small caps, etc.) in the text.

    Whatever formatting or style conventions are employed, please be consistent.

    Tables and figures. All tables, trees and figures must fit within the following page size (if necessary, after – limited – reduction) and should still be legible at this size:

    11.5 cm (4.52”) x 19 cm (7.48”).

    Suggested font setting for tables: Times Roman 10 pts (absolute minimum: 8 pts).

    Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively, provided with appropriate captions and should be referred to in the main text in this manner, e.g., “in Table 2”, but never like this “in the following table: “. Please indicate the preferred position of the table or figure in the text if these are provided at the end of the paper or in separate files.

    Running heads. Please do not include running heads with your article. However, in case of a long title please suggest a short one for the running head (max. 55 characters) on the cover sheet of your contribution.

    Emphasis and foreign words. Use italics for foreign language, highlighting and emphasis. Bold should be used only for highlighting within italics and for headings. Please refrain from the use of FULL CAPS (except for focal stress and abbreviations) and underlining (except for highlighting within examples, as an alternative for boldface), unless this is a strict convention in your field of research. For terms or expressions (e.g., ‘context of situation’) please use single quotes. For glosses of citation forms, use double quotes.

    Transliteration. Please transliterate into English any examples from languages that use a non-Latin script, using the appropriate transliteration system (ISO or LOC).

    Symbols and special characters. In case you have no access to certain characters, we advise you to use a clear convention to mark these characters. You can use our font table (Appendix A) or any other regular table to list the correspondences between your symbols and the required ones. If you use any phonetic characters, please mark these by the use of a character style if possible. This will enable us to retrieve those characters in your document.

    Chapters and headings. Chapters or articles should be reasonably divided into sections and, if necessary, into sub-sections. If you cannot use the electronic styles, please mark the headings as follows:
    Level 1       =   bold, 2 line spaces before, section number flush left. Text 1 line space below.
    Level 2        =   1 line space before, section number flush left. Text 1 line space below.
    Level 3ff      =   italics, 1 line space before, section number flush left. Text immediately below.
    Numbering should be in arabic numerals; no italics; no dot after the last number, except for level 1 headings.

    Quotations: In the main text quotations should be given in double quotation marks. Quotations longer than 3 lines should be indented left and right, without quotations marks and with the appropriate reference to the source. They should be set off from the main text by a line of space above and below.

    Listings: Should not be indented. If numbered, please number as follows:
    1. ..................... or a. .......................
    2. ..................... or b. .......................
    Listings that run on with the main text can be numbered in parentheses: (1).............., (2)............., etc.

    Examples and glosses

    Examples should be numbered with Arabic numerals (1,2,3, etc.) in parentheses.

    Examples in languages other than the language in which your contribution is written should be in italics with an approximate translatio. Between the original and the translation, glosses can be added. This interlinear gloss gets no punctuation and no highlighting. For the abbreviations in the interlinear gloss, CAPS or small caps can be used, which will be converted to small caps by our typesetters in final formatting.

    Please note that lines 1 and 2 are lined up through the use of spaces: it is essential that the number of elements in lines 1 and 2 match. If two words in the example correspond to one word in the gloss use a full stop to glue the two together (2a). Morphemes are separated by hyphens (1, 2b).

    Every next level in the example gets one indent/tab.

                  (1)         Kare wa    besutoseraa  o          takusan kaite-iru.        
                                he     TOP best-seller     ACC    many     write-PERF    
                                “He has written many best-sellers.”     

                  (2)         a.           Jan houdt.van Marie.
                                              Jan loves         Marie
                                              “Jan loves Marie.”
                                b.           Ed en    Floor   gaan samen-wonen.
                                              Ed and Floor   go      together-live.INF
                                              “Ed and Floor are going to live together.”


    Notes should be kept to a minimum and should be submitted as numbered endnotes.

    ***Note: footnote indicators in the text should appear at the end of sentences and follow punctuation marks.


    It is essential that the references are formatted to the specifications given in these guidelines, as these cannot be formatted automatically. Please use the reference style as described in The APA Publication Manual (7th ed.).

    Authors/contributors are encouraged to supply – with a reference, not instead of – the DOI if they happen to have that information readily available.

    DOIs should be formatted the same as URLs.

    URLs should not be preceded by “Retrieved from,” unless a retrieval date is needed. The website name is included (unless it is the same as the author), and web page titles are italicized.

    The publisher location should not be included in the reference.

    References in the text: These should be as precise as possible, giving page references where necessary; for example (Fillmore 1990; Clahsen 1991: 252-253) or, as in Brown et al. (1991: 252). All references in the text should appear in the references section.

    References section: References should be listed first alphabetically and then chronologically. The section should include all (and only!) references that are actually mentioned in the text.



    Görlach, M. (2003). English words abroad. John Benjamins.
    Spear, N. E., & Miller, R. R. (Eds.). (1981). Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms. Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Article (in book):

    Adams, C. A., & Dickinson, A. (1981). Actions and habits: Variation in associative representation during instrumental learning. In N. E. Spear & R. R. Miller (Eds.), Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms (pp. 143-186). Erlbaum.

    Article (in journal):

    Claes, J., & Ortiz López, L. A. (2011). Restricciones pragmáticas y sociales en la expresión de futuridad en el español de Puerto Rico [Pragmatic and social restrictions in the expression of the future in Puerto Rican Spanish]. Spanish in Context, 8, 50–72.
    Rayson, P., Leech, G. N., & Hodges, M. (1997). Social differentiation in the use of English vocabulary: Some analyses of the conversational component of the British National Corpus. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 2(1), 120–132.

    Additional Style Guidance

    Please use in-text citations, numbered endnotes, and Reference list of the works cited.

    1.  Please do not justify the right margin of your manuscript or the electronic version on disk.  Leave a ragged right margin.

    2.  Please double space everything, including quotations and footnotes.

    3.  Please use American spellings and punctuation, including:

    4.  Miscellaneous


    Appendixes should follow the References section.

    Review and publication process

    If the manuscript is a good fit for the journal and meets all the submission requirements, it is then sent out to the reviewers.

    NOTE: Until acceptance, please ensure that every time you submit your manuscript (including revisions), it is anonymised to allow for blind review. If any names of the authors are mentioned anywhere in the text or reference list, please replace those with “Author.” Please keep the year of publication, but all other elements of the reference, including co-authors, should be omitted.

    Please allow at least 3 months for each round of peer review.

    Accepted papers follow the pipeline for publication: copyediting, typesetting, proofs by the author and the editor, and publication OnlineFirst. The papers that have been published online are later assigned to an issue.

    Submission checklist upon acceptance

    When submitting the final version of your accepted manuscript, in addition to following the guidelines above, please be sure that you also include:

    Proofing procedure

    The first author of a contribution will receive a PDF of first proofs of the article for correction via email and will be requested to return the corrections to the journal editor within 7 days of receipt. Acrobat Reader can be downloaded for free from, which will enable you to read and print the file. Please limit corrections to the essential. Please make sure that all your changes are visible by using sticky note comments, ‘highlight’ and ‘insert’ functions, but not altering the pdf itself. It is at the publisher’s discretion not to implement substantial textual changes or to charge the author. If it is absolutely necessary to change larger chunks of text (i.e., more than just a few words), it is best to submit the changes in a separate WORD document (with identical PDF).

    Please contact the journal editor if you cannot handle proofs for your article in electronic format (i.e., receive the proofs as a PDF-attachment at your email address).

    Book Reviews

    Book review maximum length is 1500 -2000 words, including references (no more than 4 references). The review should integrate both critical review of the book and cogent evaluation of chapter contents using reader-friendly language. While the review should be logically presented, avoid using formulaic structure that is bland and mechanic. Rather, consider organically structuring the review with compelling statements, supported by interesting observations and discerning views that can appeal to a wider readership of ARAL.

    Both solicited and unsolicited reviews are welcome. However, if you would like to submit an unsolicited book review, please contact the book review editor to discuss your expression of interest (EOI) first and provide a statement about your academic background, expertise on the reviewed topic, and experience in research publishing. Postgraduate students in PhD or MPhil programs should also provide a statement of support from a supervisor or an academic mentor in their EOI before proceeding with their unsolicited reviews.

    Including third party materials

    If any third-party material is included in your tables and figures, please obtain necessary permissions from the copyright owners and include those with your submission or email them to araleditor at The caption should include a full reference to the original source:

    Figure/Table 1. Caption. Reprinted from/Adapted from “article/book title” by A. Author, year of publication, Journal Title, volume(issue), p. xx. Copyright [year] by Elsevier. Reprinted with permission from Publisher

    All editorial correspondence should be sent to:

    araleditor at


    Translation & Interpreting Studies

    Translation Studies

    Main BIC Subject

    CF: Linguistics

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General