Imperative Turns at Talk

The design of directives in action

ORCID logoMarja-Leena Sorjonen | University of Helsinki
Liisa Raevaara | University of Helsinki
ORCID logoElizabeth Couper-Kuhlen | University of Helsinki
ISBN 9789027226402 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
ISBN 9789027265524 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
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In middle-class Anglo-speaking circles imperatives are considered impolite forms that command another to do something; etiquette manuals recommend avoiding them. The papers in this collection de-construct such lay beliefs. Through the empirical examination of everyday and institutional interaction across a range of languages, they show that imperatives are routinely used for constructing turns that further sociality in interactional situations. Moreover, they show that for understanding the use of an imperatively formatted turn, its specific design (whether it contains, e.g., an overt subject, object, modal particles, or diminutives), and its sequential and temporal positioning in verbal and embodied activities are crucial. The fact that the same type of imperative turn is appropriate under the same circumstances across linguistically diverse cultures suggests that there are common aspects of imperative turn design and common pragmatic dimensions of situations warranting their use. The volume provides new insights into the resources and processes involved when social actors try to get another to do something.
[Studies in Language and Social Interaction, 30] 2017.  vi, 435 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
“Imperatives are one of the three major sentence types, together with interrogatives and declaratives. In this collection of articles, scholars in Interactional Linguistics and Conversation Analysis examine the use of imperative forms as turns-at-talk and social actions in naturally occurring interaction. The studies not only demonstrate an acute attention to linguistic form across a range of languages; they also reveal the subtle structures of social interaction in which imperative turns naturally find their home. This volume is essential reading for all scholars of interaction and grammar and the complex relationship between linguistic form and social action.”
“This volume powerfully demonstrates how analyzing language in its primary habitat – social interaction – entails a fundamental reconsideration of even the most established categories of grammar. Deconstructing the notion according to which the use of imperatives is basically related to ‘commanding’ and ‘impoliteness’, the studies collected here document the wide range of actions that speakers accomplish by means of imperative constructions in real-life situations. Both original in its approach and profound in its implications, the volume as a whole advances our understanding of the workings of grammar in light of the temporal and multisemiotic unfolding of social interaction.”
“This enjoyable book fully succeeds in its aim of explaining the emergence of grammar from the patterns and regularities within social interaction.”
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2020. Chapter 1. Mobilizing others. In Mobilizing Others [Studies in Language and Social Interaction, 33],  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Bolaños-Carpio, Alexa
2020. Chapter 9. When emergencies are not urgent. In Mobilizing Others [Studies in Language and Social Interaction, 33],  pp. 229 ff. DOI logo
Bolden, Galina B., John Heritage & Marja-Leena Sorjonen
2023. Chapter 1. Introduction. In Responding to Polar Questions across Languages and Contexts [Studies in Language and Social Interaction, 35],  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Couper-Kuhlen, Elizabeth & Sandra A. Thompson
2022. Action Ascription and Deonticity in Everyday Advice-Giving Sequences. In Action Ascription in Interaction,  pp. 183 ff. DOI logo
De Stefani, Elwys & Anne-Sylvie Horlacher
2017. Une étude interactionnelle de la grammaire : la dislocation à droite évaluative dans la parole-en-interaction. Revue française de linguistique appliquée Vol. XXII:2  pp. 15 ff. DOI logo
Deppermann, Arnulf
2021. Social Actions. In The Cambridge Handbook of Sociopragmatics,  pp. 69 ff. DOI logo
Deppermann, Arnulf & Alexandra Gubina
2021. Positionally-sensitive action-ascription. Interactional Linguistics 1:2  pp. 183 ff. DOI logo
Deppermann, Arnulf & Michael Haugh
2022. Action Ascription in Social Interaction. In Action Ascription in Interaction,  pp. 3 ff. DOI logo
Ekström, Mats & Melisa Stevanovic
2023. Conversation analysis and power: examining the descendants and antecedents of social action. Frontiers in Sociology 8 DOI logo
Heritage, John
2022. The Multiple Accountabilities of Action. In Action Ascription in Interaction,  pp. 297 ff. DOI logo
Hoey, Elliott M.
2022. Self-authorizing action: Onlet me Xin English social interaction. Language in Society 51:1  pp. 95 ff. DOI logo
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2023. Korean imperatives at two different speech levels. Pragmatics. Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA) 33:4  pp. 559 ff. DOI logo
Kim, Stephanie Hyeri & Mary Shin Kim
Laakso, Minna
2021. Learning to request in interaction. In Intersubjectivity in Action [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 326],  pp. 349 ff. DOI logo
Lindström, Jan, Camilla Lindholm, Inga-Lill Grahn & Martina Huhtamäki
2020. Chapter 9. Consecutive clause combinations in instructing activities. In Emergent Syntax for Conversation [Studies in Language and Social Interaction, 32],  pp. 245 ff. DOI logo
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2022. Teachers’ gestures for building listening and spoken language skills. Discourse Processes 59:10  pp. 771 ff. DOI logo
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2022. Emergent L2 Grammars in and for Social Interaction: Introduction to the Special Issue. The Modern Language Journal 106:S1  pp. 3 ff. DOI logo
Raymond, Chase Wesley
2022. Suffixation and sequentiality. Interactional Linguistics 2:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
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2021. Developing Requests in Multilingual Classroom Interaction: A Case of Second Language Development in Middle Childhood. Applied Linguistics 42:4  pp. 765 ff. DOI logo
Siitonen, Pauliina, Mirka Rauniomaa & Tiina Keisanen
2021. Language and the Moving Body: Directive Actions With the Finnish kato “look” in Nature-Related Activities. Frontiers in Psychology 12 DOI logo
Urbanik, Paweł
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Wiercinska, Katarzyna
2019. Op zoek naar perceptieverschillen bij directief taalgebruik in het Pools en het Nederlands: een onderzoeksvoorstel. AUC PHILOLOGICA 2018:4  pp. 169 ff. DOI logo
[no author supplied]
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[no author supplied]
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This list is based on CrossRef data as of 13 may 2024. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.


Main BIC Subject

CFG: Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009030: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Pragmatics
ONIX Metadata
ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2017014781 | Marc record