Pragmatics | Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA)

Publisher: International Pragmatics Association (IPrA)

Pragmatics is the peer-reviewed quarterly journal of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA), which was established in 1986 to represent the field of linguistic pragmatics, broadly conceived as the interdisciplinary (cognitive, social, cultural) science of language use. Its goal is to reflect the diversity of topics, applications, methods and approaches available within this wide field, and thus to contribute to IPrA’s foundational aim of searching for coherence across different perspectives and of bridging any gaps between the field’s practitioners, whether their background is linguistic, anthropological, sociological, psychological, computational, etc.

Pragmatics is made available online as free content after a 12-month embargo period. Members of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA) always have access to the online version by logging in with their user name and password at the IPrA website, . When applying for or renewing their membership, IPrA members may also choose to pay the additional fee required to receive paper copies.

Pragmatics publishes its articles Online First.

ISSN 1018-2101 | E-ISSN 2406-4238
Sample issue: PRAG 27:1
Helmut Gruber | University of Vienna | helmut.k.gruber at
Associate Editors
Frank Brisard | University of Antwerp
Yoko Fujii | Japan Women's University, Tokyo
Inmaculada García Sánchez | Temple University, Philadelphia
Sophia Marmaridou | National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Rosina Márquez Reiter | The Open University, UK
Catrin S. Rhys | University of Ulster at Jordanstown
N. Daniel Silva | Federal University of Santa Catarina - UFSC
Elda Weizman | Bar-Ilan University
Editorial Board
Jannis K. Androutsopoulos | University of Hamburg
Peter Auer | University of Freiburg
Brook Bolander | Monash University
Piotr Cap | University of Lodz
Louise Cummings | Nottingham Trent University
Arnulf Deppermann | Institute for the German Language (IDS)
Martina Faller | University of Manchester
Paja Faudree | Brown University
Luisa Granato | Universidad Nacional de la Plata
Marianne Gullberg | Lund University
Britt-Louise Gunnarsson | Uppsala University
Elly Ifantidou | National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Kuniyoshi Kataoka | Aichi University
Jennifer Reynolds | University of South Carolina
Maria Sifianou | University of Athens
Inês Signorini | University of Campinas
Tanya Stivers | University of California at Los Angeles
Ken Turner | University of Brighton
Angeliki Tzanne | National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Ruth Wodak | Lancaster University & University Vienna
Francisco Yus | University of Alicante
Subscription Info
Current issue: 31:3, available as of July 2021
Next issue: 31:4, expected November 2021, published online on 13 October 2021

General information about our electronic journals.

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All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

Online-only Print + online
Volume 32 (2022): 4 issues; ca. 600 pp. EUR 191.00 EUR 208.00
Volume 31 (2021): 4 issues; ca. 600 pp. EUR 191.00 EUR 208.00

Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 85.00 (online‑only: EUR 80.00)
Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

Pragmatics is made available online as free content after a 12-month embargo period.

This title is the continuation of IPrA Papers in Pragmatics

Available back-volumes

Online-only Print + online
Complete backset
(Vols. 1‒30; 1991‒2020)
120 issues;
17,776 pp.
EUR 191.00 EUR 5,638.00
Volume 30 (2020) 4 issues; 600 pp. EUR 191.00 EUR 208.00
Volume 29 (2019) 4 issues; 600 pp. Open Access EUR 204.00
Volume 28 (2018) 4 issues; 600 pp. Open Access EUR 198.00
Volume 27 (2017) 4 issues; 600 pp. Open Access EUR 192.00
Volumes 1‒26 (1991‒2016) 4 issues; avg. 591 pp. Open Access EUR 186.00 each

Volume 31 (2021)

Volume 30 (2020)

Volume 29 (2019)

Volume 28 (2018)

Volume 27 (2017)

Volume 26 (2016)

Volume 25 (2015)

Volume 24 (2014)

Volume 23 (2013)

Volume 22 (2012)

Volume 21 (2011)

Volume 20 (2010)

Volume 19 (2009)

Volume 18 (2008)

Volume 17 (2007)

Volume 16 (2006)

Volume 15 (2005)

Volume 14 (2004)

Volume 13 (2003)

Volume 12 (2002)

Volume 11 (2001)

Volume 10 (2000)

Volume 9 (1999)

Volume 8 (1998)

Volume 7 (1997)

Volume 6 (1996)

Volume 5 (1995)

Volume 4 (1994)

Volume 3 (1993)

Volume 2 (1992)

Volume 1 (1991)

Latest articles

31 August 2021

  • Navigating the complex social ecology of screen-based activity in video-mediated interaction
    Ufuk Balaman & Simona Pekarek Doehler
  • 27 August 2021

  • Knowledge types and presuppositions : An analysis of strategic aspects of public apologies
    Jocelyn A. S. Navera & Leah Gustilo
  • 24 August 2021

  • Tradition, modernity, and Chinese masculinity : The multimodal construction of ideal manhood in a reality dating show
    Dezheng (William) Feng & Mandy Hoi Man Yu
  • A corpus-based study on contrast and concessivity of the connective -ciman in Korean
    Hye-Kyung Lee
  • Metapragmatics in indirect reports : The degree of reflexivity
    Mostafa Morady Moghaddam & Seyyed Ali Ostovar-Namaghi
  • 23 August 2021

  • Out-grouping and ambient affiliation in Donald Trump’s tweets about Iran : Exploring the role of negative evaluation in enacting solidarity
    Mohammad Makki & Michele Zappavigna
  • 17 August 2021

  • Polar answers and epistemic stance in Greek conversation
    Angeliki Alvanoudi
  • Salience and shift in salience as means of creating discourse coherence : The case of the Chipaya enclitics
    Katja Hannß | PRAG 31:4 (2021) pp. 533–559
  • 16 August 2021

  • Apology responses and gender differences in spoken British English : A corpus study
    Yi An , Hang Su & Mingyou Xiang
  • Invoking divine blessing : The pragmatics of the congratulation speech act in university graduation notebooks in Jordan
    Muhammad A. Badarneh , Fathi Migdadi & Maram Al-Jahmani
  • “How was your day?” : Development of Interactional Competence located in Today Narrative sequences
    Younhee Kim & Andrew P. Carlin
  • 2 August 2021

  • Well-prefaced constructed dialogue as a marker of stance in online abortion discourse
    Kristen Fleckenstein
  • 27 July 2021

  • Understandable public anger : Legitimation in banking after the 2008 crisis
    Ruth Breeze | PRAG 31:4 (2021) pp. 483–508
  • 23 July 2021

  • Framing in interactive academic talk : A conversation-analytic perspective
    Yun Pan
  • The development of interlanguage pragmatic markers in alignment with role relationships
    Hao-Zhang Xiao , Chen-Yu Dai & Li-Zheng Dong | PRAG 31:4 (2021) pp. 617–646
  • 14 June 2021

  • Re-evaluating the importance of discourse-embedding for specificational and predicative clauses
    Wout Van Praet | PRAG 31:4 (2021) pp. 560–588
  • The question-response system in Mandarin conversation
    Wei Wang | PRAG 31:4 (2021) pp. 589–616
  • 8 June 2021

  • Power and socialization in sibling interaction : Establishing, accepting and resisting roles of socialization target and agent
    Jana Declercq | PRAG 31:4 (2021) pp. 509–532
  • 21 April 2021

  • Taking it too far : The role of ideological discourses in contesting the limits of teasing and offence
    Wei-Lin Melody Chang , Michael Haugh & Hsi-Yao Su | PRAG 31:3 (2021) pp. 382–405
  • 22 March 2021

  • Prescriptively or descriptively speaking? How ‘information-quality’ influences mood variation in Spanish emotive-factive clauses
    Tris Faulkner | PRAG 31:3 (2021) pp. 357–381
  • 8 March 2021

  • Negotiating patients’ therapy proposals in paternalistic and humanistic clinics
    Akin Odebunmi | PRAG 31:3 (2021) pp. 430–454
  • Abeg na! we write so our comments can be posted!” : Borrowed Nigerian Pidgin pragmatic markers in Nigerian English
    Foluke Olayinka Unuabonah , Folajimi Oyebola & Ulrike Gut | PRAG 31:3 (2021) pp. 455–481
  • 22 February 2021

  • Ferenc Kiefer
    PRAG 31:1 (2021) pp. 1–5
  • 8 January 2021

  • A relevance-theoretic account of translating jokes with sexual innuendos in Modern Family into Spanish
    Francisco Javier Díaz-Pérez | PRAG 31:3 (2021) pp. 331–356
  • The emergent construction of feminist identity in interaction
    Olivia Hirschey Marrese | PRAG 31:3 (2021) pp. 406–429
  • 6 January 2021

  • Admonishing : A paradoxical pragmatic behaviour in ancient China
    Dániel Z. Kádár , Juliane House , Fengguang Liu & Yulong Song | PRAG 31:2 (2021) pp. 173–197
  • 30 November 2020

  • Metapragmatic comments on relating across cultures : Korean students’ uncertainties over relating to UK academics
    Kyung Hye Kim & Helen Spencer-Oatey | PRAG 31:2 (2021) pp. 198–224
  • 18 November 2020

  • Managing trouble spots in conversation : Other-initiated repair elicitations produced by a bilingual youth with autism
    Wendy Klein | PRAG 31:2 (2021) pp. 225–249
  • Taboo vocatives in the language of London teenagers
    Ignacio M. Palacios Martínez | PRAG 31:2 (2021) pp. 250–277
  • 17 November 2020

  • Positively bitter and negatively sweet? Conventional implicatures and compatibility condition of emotive taste terms in Korean vs. English
    Suwon Yoon | PRAG 31:2 (2021) pp. 303–329
  • 10 November 2020

  • Mi-nominalizations in Japanese Wakamono Kotoba ‘youth language’
    Tohru Seraku | PRAG 31:2 (2021) pp. 278–302
  • 6 November 2020

  • Alternative questions and their responses in English interaction
    Veronika Drake | PRAG 31:1 (2021) pp. 62–86
  • 2 September 2020

  • Enacting ‘Being with You’ : Vocative uses of du (“you”) in German everyday interaction
    Pepe Droste & Susanne Günthner | PRAG 31:1 (2021) p. 87
  • 25 August 2020

  • The functional components of telephone conversation opening phase in Jordanian Arabic
    Mohammed Nahar Al-Ali & Rana N. Abu-Abah | PRAG 31:1 (2021) p. 6
  • Dear, my dear, my lady, your ladyship : Meaning and use of address term modulation by my
    Anouk Buyle | PRAG 31:1 (2021) pp. 33–61
  • A Tale of four measures of pragmatic knowledge in an EFL institutional context
    Rasoul Mohammad Hosseinpur , Reza Bagheri Nevisi & Abdolreza Lowni | PRAG 31:1 (2021) pp. 114–143
  • The pragmeme of disagreement and its allopracts in English and Serbian political interview discourse
    Milica Radulović & Vladimir Ž. Jovanović | PRAG 30:4 (2020) pp. 586–613
  • The pragmatics of text-emoji co-occurrences on Chinese social media
    Xiran Yang & Meichun Liu | PRAG 31:1 (2021) pp. 144–172
  • 24 July 2020

  • Bonding across Chinese social media : The pragmatics of language play in “精 (sang)  (xin)  (bing)  (kuang)” construction
    Chaoqun Xie , Ying Tong & Francisco Yus | PRAG 30:3 (2020) pp. 431–457
  • 20 July 2020

  • Complaint management on Twitter – evolution of interactional patterns on Polish corporate profiles
    Anna Tereszkiewicz | PRAG 30:3 (2020) pp. 405–430
  • 3 July 2020

  • The Korean hortative construction revisited : Prototypical and extended functions
    Ahrim Kim & Iksoo Kwon | PRAG 30:3 (2020) pp. 351–380
  • 5 June 2020

  • The “Long List” in oral interactions : Definition, examples, context, and some of its achievements
    Gonen Dori-Hacohen | PRAG 30:3 (2020) pp. 303–325
  • Swearwords reinterpreted : New variants and uses by young Chinese netizens on social media platforms
    Bin Li , Yan Dou , Yingting Cui & Yuqi Sheng | PRAG 30:3 (2020) pp. 381–404
  • 3 June 2020

  • Identity (self-)deconstruction in Chinese police’s civil conflict mediation
    Wenjing Feng & Xinren Chen | PRAG 30:3 (2020) pp. 326–350
  • Guidelines


    When submitting your article, please observe the following:

    Make sure that you submit the final, clean version of the manuscript (without personal comments, corrections, tracks, etc.), together with all accompanying files (figures etc., if submitted as separate files).

    In addition, provide a list containing all contributors’ full names (first and last), affiliations, and addresses (both postal and e-mail). Telephone and fax numbers are optional.

    Online submission

    Pragmatics only uses online submission.

    File naming conventions

    When naming your files please use the following conventions: Use the first three characters of the first author’s last name, followed by the proper three- or four-character file extension. For example, if that name is Johnson, the respective document file should be named JOH.DOC or JOH.DOCX. Do not use the three- or four-character extension except for identifying the file type, as provided by the system (e.g. JOH.DOC is OK, but not JOH.ART, JOH.REV; instead use JOHART.DOC, JOHR1.DOC, etc.). Figures, tables etc. should be named using the appropriate standard extensions, e.g. JOH1.EPS, JOH2.TIF, JOH3.XLS, etc.


    MS Word (PC or Mac) is our preferred submission format, although other formats are possible as well. If, for some reason, a different format is required than the one supplied, we will contact you.

    Graphic files

    Please supply figures as converted to Encapsulated Postscript (EPS) or Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) in addition to the original creation files. (Note that the typesetters cannot make corrections or changes in figures that are supplied as graphics).


    Articles should be in English. English spelling and style should be consistently either British or American throughout. If you are not a highly proficient user of English, you should have the paper checked by an English language professional or native speaker.

    Contributions should be between 7,000 and 10,000 words in length, including


    Please use ample margins and 1.5 line spacing. Suggested font setting for main text: Times (New) Roman 12 pts. For tables and footnotes: Times Roman 10 pts.

    Do not use running heads. For articles with long titles (which in general should be avoided), a shortened version (max. 55 characters), to be used as running head, may be provided on the cover sheet of your contribution.

    Avoid full justification and ‘stiff’ hyphenation. Examples, quotations, tables, headings etc. should be presented in a clear and consistent way, so that they can be identified and formatted in the style of our journal.

    Whatever formatting or style conventions are employed, please be consistent.


    Once your paper is accepted for publication, it is essential that the references are formatted to the specifications given in these guidelines, as these cannot be formatted automatically. This journal uses the ‘Author-Date’ style as described in the latest edition of The Chicago Manual of Style.

    References in the text: These should be as precise as possible, giving page references where necessary; for example “(Görlach 2003, 152-154)” or: “as in Brown et al. (1991, 252)”. All references in the text should be matched by items in the references section.

    References section: References should be listed first alphabetically and then chronologically. The section should include all (and only!) references that are actually mentioned in the text.

    A note on capitalization in titles:  For titles in English, CMS uses headline-style capitalization. In titles and subtitles, capitalize the first and last words, and all other major words (nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, some conjunctions). Do not capitalize: articles; prepositions (unless used adverbially or adjectivally, or as part of a Latin expression used adverbially or adjectivally); the conjunctions and, but, for, or, nor; to as part of an infinitive; as in any grammatical function; parts of proper names that would be lower case in normal text; the second part of a species name. For more details and examples, consult the Chicago Manual of Style. For any other languages, and English translations of titles given in square brackets, CMS uses sentence-style capitalization: capitalization as in normal prose, i.e., the first word in the title, the subtitle, and any proper names or other words normally given initial capitals in the language in question.



    Görlach, Manfred. 2003. English Words Abroad. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

    Spear, Norman E., and Ralph R. Miller (eds). 1981. Information Processing in Animals: Memory Mechanisms. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Article (in book)

    Adams, Clare A., and Anthony Dickinson. 1981. “Actions and Habits: Variation in Associative Representation during Instrumental Learning.” In Information Processing in Animals: Memory Mechanisms, ed. by Norman E. Spear, and Ralph R. Miller, 143–186. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Article (in journal)

    Claes, Jeroen, and Luis A. Ortiz López. 2011. “Restricciones pragmáticas y sociales en la expresión de futuridad en el español de Puerto Rico [Pragmatic and social restrictions in the expression of the future in Puerto Rican Spanish].” Spanish in Context 8: 50–72.

    Rayson, Paul, Geoffrey N. Leech, and Mary Hodges. 1997. “Social Differentiation in the Use of English Vocabulary: Some Analyses of the Conversational Component of the British National Corpus.” International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 2 (1): 120–132.

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    Please indicate the preferred positioning of tables and figures in the text in this way:




    Preferred Table format:

    Table 5. Past-inflection rates in Jamaican and Trinidadian Creoles.







    Rate %



    Rate %


    Non-syllabic (CD)

    Non-syllabic (VD)

    Syllabic (ED)
























    * The large number of Trinidadian tokens is due to the…etc.

    Emphasis and foreign words

    Use italics for words in languages other than English as well as for emphasis.

    Boldface should be used only for highlighting words within italicized stretches and for headings.

    Please refrain from the use of FULL CAPS (except for focal stress and abbreviations). Using small caps is sometimes a viable option.

    Do not use underlining except when conventionally required in your field of research. (It is OK to use underlining for highlighting within examples as an alternative to boldface).

    Quotation and quotation marks

    For conventionally used terms or expressions (e.g., ‘context of situation’), please use single quotes; these may also be used as ‘scare quotes’ to focus attention on a particular word or expression.

    For glosses, directly quoted forms and expressions, as well as in-text quotations, always use double quotation marks.

    Quotations longer than three lines should be indented left and right, without quotation marks, followed by the appropriate reference to the source on a separate line (left adjusted). Such long quotations should be set off from the main text by a line of space above and below.

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    Level 1 = bold, one line space before, section number flush left. Text starts immediately below.

    Level 2 = bold italics, one line space before, section number flush left. Text starts immediately below.

    Level 3ff = italics, one line space before, section number flush left. Text starts immediately below.

    Numbering should be in Arabic numerals (no Roman numbers for footnotes either!). Do not use italics for numbering; use full stops between numbers and after the last number, thus:

    Section 1. ...

    Section 2.3.1. ....


    Should not be indented. If numbered, please number as follows:

    1. .....................

    (or a. .......................)

    2. .....................

    (or b. .......................)

    Lists that run on with the main text may be numbered using parentheses:

    (1).............., (2)............., etc.

    Examples and glosses

    Examples should be numbered with Arabic numerals in parentheses, thus: (1) ...; (2) ...; etc.

    Examples in languages other than English should be in italics; an approximate translation should be provided. Between the original and the translation lines, a line with glosses or a morphemic breakdown may be added. For the abbreviations in the interlinear gloss, CAPS may be used; these will be converted to small caps by our typesetters in the final formatting. E.g.

                (3)        a.         Ed en   Floor   gaan samen-wonen.
                                        Ed and Floor   go      together-live.INF
                                        ‘Ed and Floor are going to live together.’

                            b.         Maarten en   Stefanie zijn uit elkaar.
    Maarten and Stefanie BE  out RECP
                                        ‘Maarten and Stefanie have split up.’

    For glossing (where applicable), use the Leipzig Glossing Rules (


    Notes should be kept to a minimum. Note indicators in the text should appear in superscript at the end of sentences or phrases, and follow the respective punctuation marks. They should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript, with Arabic numerals.

    Names and affiliations

    Please include in the article itself, below the title, a list of all authors in the order in which they should appear in the publication and for each author:
    - Name(s) as they should appear in the publication.
    - Affiliation(s): Please use the name that your institution (at the highest level, usually the name of the university) has established for international usage, either in English, or in one of the official languages of the institution. If your article is written in a language other than English and not one of the languages for which your institution has established an official name, do not translate the name yourself; if your institution has a name that is not unique in the world (in English), please add as much information as is needed -- city, country -- to allow for identification. If you have more than one affiliation, please provide each affiliation separated by '&'.
    - ORCID, if available.

    Funding information

    Funding information should be provided if funding was received through a grant for the research that is discussed in the article, including funder name and grant number, in a separate section called "Funding information" before (an Acknowledgment section and) the References.


    Acknowledgments (other than funding information, see above) should be added in a separate, unnumbered section entitled "Acknowledgments", placed before the References.


    Appendices should follow the References.

    Author’s corrections

    The (first) author will receive first proofs of an accepted article for correction and will be requested to return corrections to the Editor-in-chief. The editor will receive one full set of the first proofs of each journal issue and after corrections another set of second proofs for final checking. With the proofs you will receive instructions on how to mark corrections and when to return them. Please limit corrections to the essential. It is at the publisher’s discretion not to implement substantial changes or to charge the author.


    Pragmatics offers online submission .

    Before submitting, please consult the guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors .

    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editor via e-mail: helmut.k.gruber at

    Special Issue Proposals


    Main BIC Subject

    CFG: Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General