Revista Española de Lingüística Aplicada/Spanish Journal of Applied Linguistics | Published under the auspices of the Spanish Association of Applied Linguistics

The Revista Española de Lingüística Aplicada/Spanish Journal of Applied Linguistics (RESLA/SJAL) is the biannual journal of the Spanish Association of Applied Linguistics (AESLA, International in scope, RESLA is peer reviewed and accepts for publication original high-quality scholarly contributions from anywhere around the world. Articles must be related to one of the ten research areas of the Spanish Association of Applied Linguistics:

1. Language Acquisition and Language Learning
2. Language Teaching
3. Language for Specific Purposes
4. Psychology of Language, Child Language, and Psycholinguistics
5. Sociolinguistics
6. Pragmatics
7. Discourse Analysis
8. Corpus Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Language Engineering
9. Lexicology and Lexicography
10. Translation and Interpretation Studies

John Benjamins Publishing Company is the official publisher as of Volume 27 (2014).
Back-volumes (1985–2013) are available on:

All inquiries should be sent to the Managing Editors at: resla at
ISSN 0213-2028 | E-ISSN 2254-6774
Sample issue: RESLA 30:1
Juana M. Liceras | University of Ottawa
Carolina Rodríguez-Juárez | Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Associate Editors
Estela García-Alcaraz | Universitat de les Illes Balears
Laura García Fernández | Universidad de la Rioja
David García León | Maynooth University
Javier García León | University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Rocío Jiménez Briones | Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Raquel Llama | University of Ottawa
Gina Oxbrow | Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Marta Samper Hernández | Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Bianca Sandu | Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Francisco Vizcaíno Ortega | Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Editorial Board
Eva Alcón-Soler | University Jaume I
Joe Barcroft | Washington University
Joyce Bruhn de Garavito | University of Western Ontario
María Inés Castro Ferrer | University of Puerto Rico, Ríos Piedras
Jasone Cenoz | University of País Vasco
Joseph Collentine | Northern Arizona University
Francisco J. Cortés-Rodriguez | University of La Laguna
Robert Davis | University of Oregon
Sabine De Knop | Facultés Universitaires, Saint-Louis, Brussels
Idoia Elola | Texas Tech University
M. Victoria Escandell-Vidal | National University of Distance Education, Madrid
Pamela Faber | University of Granada
Susan M. Gass | Michigan State University
Dirk Geeraerts | University of Leuven
María de los Ángeles Gómez González | University of Santiago de Compostela
Gregory D. Keating | San Diego State University
Michael J. Leeser | Florida State University
Rosa M. Manchón | University of Murcia
Juana I. Marín-Arrese | Complutense University of Madrid
Maria Antònia Martí | University of Barcelona
Javier Martín Arista | University of La Rioja, Logroño
Pedro Martín-Butragueño | Colegio de México, D.F.
Rafael Monroy | University of Murcia
Carmen Muñoz | University of Barcelona
Susanne Niemeier | University Koblenz-Landau
Ignacio M. Palacios Martínez | University of Santiago de Compostela
Carmen Pérez-Vidal | University Pompeu Fabra
Kim Potowski | University of Illinois at Chicago
Fernando Rubio | University of Utah
Cristina Sanz | Georgetown University
Rita Temmerman | Centrum voor Vaktaal en Communicatie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels
AESLA Governing Board
Francisco J. Cortés-Rodriguez | Universidad de La Laguna
Juan Antonio Cutillas-Espinosa | Universidad de La Laguna
Chelo Vargas-Sierra | Universidad de Alicante
Javier Martín Arista | Universidad de La Rioja
Javier Pérez-Guerra | Universidad de Vigo
Juana M. Liceras | University of Ottawa
Carolina Rodríguez-Juárez | Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Marian Amengual Pizarro | Universitat de les Illes Balears
All inquiries should be sent to the Managing Editors at: resla at
Subscription Info
Current issue: 33:1, available as of August 2020
Next issue: 33:2, expected February 2021

General information about our electronic journals.

Subscription rates

All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

Online-only Print + online
Volume 34 (2021): 2 issues; ca. 700 pp. EUR 223.00 EUR 251.00
Volume 33 (2020): 2 issues; ca. 700 pp. EUR 223.00 EUR 251.00

Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 70.00 (online‑only: EUR 65.00)
Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

Available back-volumes

Online-only Print + online
Complete backset
(Vols. 27‒32; 2014‒2019)
12 issues;
3,700 pp.
EUR 1,175.00 EUR 1,286.00
Volume 32 (2019) 2 issues; 700 pp. EUR 219.00 EUR 246.00
Volume 31 (2018) 2 issues; 600 pp. EUR 196.00 EUR 220.00
Volume 30 (2017) 2 issues; 600 pp. EUR 190.00 EUR 214.00
Volume 29 (2016) 2 issues; 600 pp. EUR 190.00 EUR 208.00
Volume 28 (2015) 2 issues; 600 pp. EUR 190.00 EUR 202.00
Volume 27 (2014) 2 issues; 600 pp. EUR 190.00 EUR 196.00

Volume 33 (2020)

Volume 32 (2019)

Volume 31 (2018)

Volume 30 (2017)

Volume 29 (2016)

Volume 28 (2015)

Volume 27 (2014)


Manuscripts can be submitted through the journal's online submission and manuscript tracking site. Please consult the guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors before you submit your paper.

If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors by e-mail: resla at



For the benefit of production efficiency, the publisher and the editor ask you to follow the following submission guidelines strictly. Papers that do not follow these guidelines will be returned to the author.

Contributions should be in English or Spanish. If you are not a native speaker of the language in which you have written your contribution, you must have have your text checked by a native speaker. Spelling in papers in English should be either British English or American English consistently.

All articles published in this journal are double-blind peer-reviewed. Since the manuscripts must be anonymous, acknowledgments as well as self-identifying citations and references in the article text should either be avoided or written as “Author (year)”, both in the main text and in the list of references (do not give any other information about the title, publishing house and place, etc.), when manuscripts are first submitted. Authors are responsible for reinserting the acknowledgments as well as self-identifying citations and references when manuscripts are prepared for final submission.

Electronic files

Files. Please take care that you supply all the files, text as well as graphic files, used in the creation of the manuscript, and be sure to submit the final version of the manuscript. And please delete any personal comments so that these will not be mistakenly typeset and check that all files are readable.

File naming conventions. When naming your file please use the following convention:  use the first three characters of the first author’s last name; if that name is Johnson, the file should be named JOH.DOC, JOH.WP5, etc. Do not use the three-character extension for things other than the identification of the file type (not JOH.ART, JOH.REV). Figures can be named as follows JOH1.EPS, JOH2.TIF, JOH3.XLS, etc.

Software. Word (PC/Mac) is preferred. If you intend to use other word processing software, please contact the editors first.

Graphic files: Please supply figures as Encapsulated Postscript (EPS) or Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) conversion in addition to the original creation files.

For graphics that are not available in digital format, such as photographs, spectrographs, etc., please provide sharp and clear prints (not photocopies) in black & white.

Initial submission

For initial submission, authors should submit their manuscript in electronic form in Word only. Authors must provide a self-contained abstract in the language of the manuscript (150-200 words) and five to ten keywords to be used for indexing purposes, separated by commas, and introduced by the word Keywords or Palabras Clave written in bold type and separated by a colon. Do not use dot at the end of the list of keywords.

Contributions should be between 8,000 and 11,000 words (including references and appendixes) and should follow the American Psychological Association (APA) style.


In order to facilitate smooth production it is important that you follow the journal’s style for consistency. It is sufficient to characterize elements such as examples, quotations, tables, headings etc. in the formatting in a clear and consistent way, so that they can be identified and formatted in the style of the journal.

Formatting that should be supplied by you is the formatting of references (see below) and font enhancements (such as italics, bold, caps, small caps, etc.) in the text.

Whatever formatting or style conventions are employed, please be consistent.

  1. Do not include running heads with your article. However, in case of a long title please suggest a short one for the running head (max. 55 characters) when you enter the full title in the New Submission section on the platform, where you will be required to provide a short title, if necessary.
  2. The title should be written in bold, size 14 pts, Times New Roman and aligned to the left.
  3. Do not implement full justification or hyphenation. Please do not justify the right margin of your manuscript.  Leave a ragged right margin.
  4. Indicate a new paragraph with a single tab.
  5. Please use 1,5 space (including quotations and footnotes) and use 3 cm margins on all sides.
  6. Font style and size:  Times New Roman, 12 pts.
  7. Other additional style guidance to be followed as regards punctuation:

Tables and figures. All tables, trees and figures must fit within the following page size (if necessary, after – limited – reduction) and should still be legible at this size:

11.5 cm (4.52”) x 19 cm  (7.48”).

Suggested font setting for tables: Times New Roman 10 pts (absolute minimum: 8 pts).

Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively, provided with appropriate captions and should be referred to in the main text in this manner, e.g., “in Table 2”, but never like this “in the following table”. Captions for tables should be placed above the table and for figures below them, and the words Table and Figure should be in bold type (Table 1, Figure 3). Please, indicate the preferred position of the table or figure in the text.

If you need to include a note in the table or figure, do not use regular footnotes. Instead, use either  *, **, …  or  a, b, … and directly insert the note below the table or figure.

Emphasis and foreign words. Use italics for foreign language, highlighting and emphasis. Bold should be used only for highlighting within italics and for headings. Please refrain from the use of FULL CAPS (except for focal stress and abbreviations) and underlining (except for highlighting within examples, as an alternative for boldface), unless this is a strict convention in your field of research. For terms or expressions (e.g., ‘context of situation’) please use single quotes. For glosses of citation forms, use double quotes.

Transliteration. Please transliterate into English any examples from languages that use a non-Latin script, using the appropriate transliteration system (ISO or LOC).

Symbols and special characters. In case you have no access to certain characters, we advise you to use a clear convention to mark these characters. If you use any phonetic characters, please mark these by the use of a character style if possible. This will enable us to retrieve those characters in your document.

Chapters and headings. Chapters or articles should be reasonably divided into sections and, if necessary, into sub-sections. If you cannot use the electronic styles, please mark the headings as follows:

Heading 1. = bold, two lines space above and one line space below.
Heading 1.1 = normal, one line space above and one line space below.
Heading 1.1.1 = italics, one line space above, text on new line.
Heading = italics, one line space above, text on new line. NB. This level is only to be used if absolutely indispensable.

Numbering should be in Arabic numerals, not written in italics and with no dot after the last number, except for level 1 headings.

Quotations: In the main text, quotations should be given in double quotation marks. Quotations longer than 3 lines should be indented left and right, without quotation marks and with the appropriate reference to the source. They should be set off from the main text by a line of space above and below.

Listings: Listings should not be indented. If numbered, please number as follows:

1. .....................          or        a. .......................

2. .....................          or        b. .......................

Listings that run on with the main text can be numbered in parentheses: (1)............., (2)............., etc.

Examples and glosses. Examples should be numbered with Arabic numerals (1,2,3, etc.) in parentheses.

Examples in languages other than the language in which your contribution is written should be in italics with an approximate translation using single quotation marks. Between the original and the translation, glosses can be added. This interlinear gloss gets no punctuation and no highlighting. For the abbreviations in the interlinear gloss, CAPS or small caps can be used, which will be converted to small caps by our typesetters in final formatting.

Please note that lines 1 and 2 are lined up through the use of spaces: it is essential that the number of elements in lines 1 and 2 match. If two words in the example correspond to one word in the gloss use a full stop to glue the two together (2a). Morphemes are separated by hyphens (1, 2b).

Every next level in the example gets one indent/tab.

(1)   Kare wa    besutoseraa  o          takusan kaite-iru.        

            he     TOP best-seller     ACC    many     write-PERF                           

            ‘He has written many best-sellers.’                            

(2)               a. Jan houdt.van Marie.

                        Jan loves         Marie

                       ‘Jan loves Marie.'

                   b. Ed en   Floor   gaan samen-wonen.  

                       Ed and Floor   go      together-live.INF

                      ‘Ed and Floor are going to live together.’


Notes should be kept to a minimum and should be submitted as numbered footnotes. Footnote indicators in the text should appear at the end of sentences and follow punctuation marks.


The Acknowledgements section should be placed before the References section.


It is essential that the references are formatted to the specifications given in these guidelines, as these cannot be formatted automatically. Please use the reference style as described in The APA Publication Manual (6th ed.).

References in the text: These should be as precise as possible, giving page references where necessary; for example (Clashen, 1991, pp. 252-253; Fillmore, 1990) or, as in Brown et al. (1991, p. 252). All references in the text should appear in the references section.

References section: References should be listed first alphabetically and then chronologically (from earlier to more recent works). The section should include all (and only!) references that are actually mentioned in the text. Use “&” instead of “and” between names of authors both in the main text and in the list of references. Whenever possible, provide the DOI.


Görlach, M. (1997). The linguistic history of English: An introduction. London: Macmillan

Görlach, M. (2003). English words abroad. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.7202/013562ar

Spear, N. E., & Miller, R. R. (Eds.). (1981). Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Article/Chapter (in book):

Adams, C. A., & Dickinson, A. (1981). Actions and habits: Variation in associative representation during instrumental learning. In N. E. Spear & R. R. Miller (Eds.), Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms (pp. 143-186). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Article (in journal):
Claes, J., & Ortiz López, L. A. (2011). Restricciones pragmáticas y sociales en la expresión de futuridad en el español de Puerto Rico [Pragmatic and social restrictions in the expression of the future in Puerto Rican Spanish]. Spanish in  Context, 8, 50–72.

Rayson, P., Leech, G. N., & Hodges, M. (1997). Social differentiation in the use of    English vocabulary: Some analyses of the conversational component of the British National Corpus. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 2(1), 120–132.


Appendixes should follow the References section and be numbered as Appendix 1, Appendix 2, etc. Please refer to the appendix(es) in the main text.

Final submission: Author’s Submission Checklist

When submitting the revised final version of your accepted manuscript, in addition to following the guidelines above, please be sure that you also include:

Book Reviews

If you would like to review a book for RESLA/SJAL, or suggest a title for review, please contact the Review Editor at the address below. The review editor will analyse the proposal/suggestion and notify the author of the review whether it is considered admissible for submission to RESLA/SJAL. Submissions for book reviews must comply with the stylesheet for article submissions and cannot exceed the maximum of 2,000 words or be shorter than 1,500 words.

Ana Bocanegra-Valle
RESLA Book Review Editor
Dpto. Filología Francesa e Inglesa
Universidad de Cádiz
CASEM-Campus Universitario
11510 Puerto Real
(Cádiz) Spain
E-mail: ana.bocanegra at

The acceptance of a suggestion for a book review by the editor does not imply per se that the book will be finally selected for review. Books not selected for review will not be returned.

Proofing procedure

The first author of a contribution will receive a PDF of first proofs of the article for correction via email and will be requested to return the corrections to the journal editor within 7 days of receipt. Acrobat Reader can be downloaded for free from which will enable you to read and print the file. Please limit corrections to the essential. It is at the publisher’s discretion not to implement substantial textual changes or to charge the author

Please contact the journal editor if you cannot handle proofs for your article in electronic format (i.e., receive the proofs as a PDF-attachment at your email address).

The authors should explicitly state to which of the following research areas of the journal their contribution belongs to:

1. Language Acquisition and Language Learning
2. Language Teaching
3. Language for Specific Purposes
4. Psychology of Language, Child Language, and Psycholinguistics
5. Sociolinguistics
6. Pragmatics
7. Discourse Analysis
8. Corpus Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Language Engineering
9. Lexicology and Lexicography
10. Translation and Interpretation Studies


Translation & Interpreting Studies

Translation Studies

Main BIC Subject

CFDC: Language acquisition

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General