Translation and Translanguaging in Multilingual Contexts

Translation and translanguaging are natural and complementary phenomena that occur in multilingual societies. They are advocated as valuable pedagogies that not only develop the ability to operate between languages but also, and most importantly, nourish creativity and a multilingual sense of self. They permit to co-construct meanings and share knowledge, skills and experiences as well as foster the capacity to critically reflect on the world and ourselves through the eyes of another language and culture. The goal of the journal is to give voice to the growing body of research into this burgeoning field of scholarly enquiry and practice. It intends to stimulate novel interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary studies that are carried out in multilingual settings as varied as pre-schooling, primary, secondary, tertiary and postgraduate education as well as vocational courses, workplaces and travels. Thus, TTMC provides a forum for innovative studies that find their place at a crossroads between translation studies and bilingual education, language teaching methodology, second language acquisition, curricular design, language policy and planning, psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics.

TTMC publishes its articles Online First.

See also:

ISSN 2352-1805 | E-ISSN 2352-1813
Sample issue: TTMC 3:2
Sara Laviosa | University of Bari 'Aldo Moro', Italy | saralaviosa at
Review Editor
Gaetano Falco | University of Bari 'Aldo Moro', Italy
Editorial Board
Michael Byram | University of Durham, UK
Ángeles Carreres | University of Cambridge, UK
Pierangela Diadori | Università per Stranieri di Siena, Italy
Adriana Díaz | The University of Queensland, Australia
Ofelia García | City University of New York, USA
Maria González Davies | Universitat Ramon Llull, Spain
Juliane House | University of Hamburg, Germany & Hellenic American University, Athens, Greece
Laura Incalcaterra McLoughlin | National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
Meng Ji | University of Sydney, Australia
Marie Källkvist | Lund University, Sweden
Penny Kinnear | University of Toronto, Canada
Taehyung Lee | Hanyang University, South Korea
Jennifer Lertola | Università del Piemonte Orientale, Italy
Harold M. Lesch | Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Glenn Levine | University of California, Irvine, USA
Kirsten Malmkjær | The University of Leicester, UK
Alastair Pennycook | University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Valeria Petrocchi | Scuola Superiore Mediatori Linguistici, Rome, Italy
Josh Prada | Indiana University - Purdue University, Indianapolis, USA
Anthony Pym | University of Melbourne, Australia & Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain
Pilar Rodríguez-Arancón | Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, UNED, Spain
Mariachiara Russo | University of Bologna, Italy
Hammouda Salhi | University of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia
Maria Sidiropoulou | National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Linda Steinman | York University, Canada
Masato Takimoto | Ryukoku University, Japan
Noa Talaván | Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, UNED, Spain
Bogusława Whyatt | Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland
Junfeng Zhang | China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), China
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Current issue: 6:3, available as of August 2020

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Volume 6 (2020)

Volume 5 (2019)

Volume 4 (2018)

Volume 3 (2017)

Volume 2 (2016)

Volume 1 (2015)

Latest articles

15 July 2020

  • Translating the oral tradition of community literature: A case study
    Sahdev Luhar & Dushyant Nimavat | TTMC 6:3 (2020) pp. 253–281
  • A subtitling stalemate: The Dark Horse in Italian
    Rory McKenzie | TTMC 6:3 (2020) pp. 230–252
  • Promoting multimodal practices in multilingual classes of Italian in Canada and in Italy
    Giuliana Salvato | TTMC 6:3 (2020) pp. 282–311
  • 2 July 2020

  • The contribution of register analysis to the translation of Red Sorghum
    Samia Bazzi & Yuran Shi | TTMC 6:3 (2020) pp. 211–229
  • 15 May 2020

  • Kirsten Malmkjær. 2019. Translation and Creativity
    Reviewed by Marco Barletta | TTMC 6:3 (2020) pp. 312–315
  • 12 May 2020

  • Community/Public-service interpreting as a communicative event: A call for shifting teaching and learning foci
    Claudia V. Angelelli | TTMC 6:2 (2020) pp. 114–130
  • “Yo intenté defenderme y se me cayó desnuca’ Procedimientos de inagentivación y reticencia en el interrogatorio de un acusado de feminicidio: Notas preliminares para la formación de intérpretes judiciales
    Giovanni Garofalo | TTMC 6:2 (2020) pp. 131–148
  • Video remote interpreting in university settings
    Margherita Greco | TTMC 6:2 (2020) pp. 149–160
  • The challenge of oratory in the training of consecutive interpreting reflected in a students’ diary
    Leticia Madrid | TTMC 6:2 (2020) pp. 161–171
  • Teaching interpreting online for the Translation and Interpreting Degree at the University of Vic: A nonstop challenge since 2001
    María Perramon & Xus Ugarte | TTMC 6:2 (2020) pp. 172–182
  • MOOC as a free, digital tool for different profiles providing introductory training in PSIT: Analysis and reflections
    Bianca Vitalaru & Carmen Valero-Garcés | TTMC 6:2 (2020) pp. 183–210
  • Preface
    Mariachiara Russo | TTMC 6:2 (2020) pp. 109–113
  • 17 February 2020

  • Mask and face: Im/politeness in stage translations of Mourning Becomes Electra
    Maria-Nikoleta Blana | TTMC 6:1 (2020) pp. 45–63
  • Aggression and narrative in Edward Albee’s The Zoo Story
    Maria Lamprou | TTMC 6:1 (2020) pp. 64–78
  • Im/politeness, gender and power distance in Lady Windermere’s Fan
    Chrysi Mavrigiannaki | TTMC 6:1 (2020) pp. 79–91
  • Blaming, critique and irritation in the family through translation
    Aristea Rigalou | TTMC 6:1 (2020) pp. 26–44
  • Constructing leadership through translating im/politeness
    Natalia Skrempou | TTMC 6:1 (2020) p. 92
  • Who’s afraid of aggression: Gender and impoliteness through translation
    Eirini Stamouli | TTMC 6:1 (2020) p. 9
  • Introduction: Im/politeness and theatre translation
    Maria Sidiropoulou | TTMC 6:1 (2020) pp. 1–8
  • 1 October 2019

  • Metatextual indicators and phraseological units in a multimodal corpus: Delimitation and essential characteristics of As the Saying Goes and implications for interpreting
    Jorge Leiva Rojo | TTMC 5:3 (2019) pp. 241–258
  • Italiano a distancia. Adaptación en línea de una actividad de producción oral controlada: Reconstrucción de conversación
    Giada Licastro | TTMC 5:3 (2019) pp. 259–273
  • Telephone interpreting and roadside assistance
    Raquel Lázaro Gutiérrez | TTMC 5:3 (2019) pp. 215–240
  • Prosodic focalization strategies in the political discourse: An analysis of a TV debate
    Francisco Javier Perea Siller | TTMC 5:3 (2019) pp. 274–291
  • Consecutive interpreting performance. Women and men compared: An empirical analysis
    Agostina Verdini | TTMC 5:3 (2019) pp. 292–306
  • Interpreting in Spanish criminal courts: Preliminary results of the TIPp project’s corpus of real trials
    Francisco J. Vigier Moreno | TTMC 5:3 (2019) pp. 307–318
  • Jorge Díaz CintasKristijan Nikolić (eds.). 2018. Fast-Forwarding with Audiovisual Translation
    Reviewed by Saeed Ameri & Masood Khoshsaligheh | TTMC 5:3 (2019) pp. 319–323
  • Prólogo
    Félix San Vicente | TTMC 5:3 (2019) pp. 211–214
  • 24 April 2019

  • Translation for communicative purposes: Engendering class discussions with L1–L2 translation tasks
    Siowai Lo | TTMC 5:2 (2019) pp. 185–209
  • Exploring the use of translanguaging to measure the mathematics knowledge of emergent bilingual students
    Alexis A. Lopez, Danielle Guzman-Orth & Sultan Turkan | TTMC 5:2 (2019) pp. 143–164
  • “When I speak people look at me” British deaf signers’ use of bimodal translanguaging strategies and the representation of identities
    Jemina Napier, Rosemary Oram, Alys Young & Robert Skinner | TTMC 5:2 (2019) p. 95
  • Translanguaging as an expression of transnational identity: Ethnicity renegotiation in the Indian diaspora
    Giuliana Regnoli | TTMC 5:2 (2019) pp. 165–184
  • Refiguring Asianness in tourism advertising: A translanguaging perspective
    Maria Sidiropoulou | TTMC 5:2 (2019) pp. 121–142
  • Guidelines


    In principle TTMC observes text conventions outlined in the latest edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (hereafter CMS). For all editorial problems not specifically addressed below, please refer to CMS.


    Authors wishing to submit articles for publication in TTMC are requested to do so by e-mailing the editor of the journal at: saralaviosa at

    As all manuscripts are double-blind peer-reviewed, please ensure that all identifying markings in the text and in the document properties are removed from one of the electronic versions. If works cited in the manuscript are identifiable as your own, please mark them as NN in the citation and in the list of references.


    Article length may vary but is preferably between 6,000 and 8,000 words (endnotes, references and appendices included).

    Please use Word. If you use any special characters, tables or figures, please supply a PDF file as well.

    Please number all pages consecutively.

    Please use font size Times New Roman 12 point and double line spacing throughout, quotations, notes and references included. Please define margins so as to obtain a text area of 13 x 22 cm (or 5 x 8.6 inches).

    Begin the Notes on a new page, and do the same with the References.

    Notes should be kept to a minimum. Note indicators in the text should appear at the end of sentences or phrases, and follow the respective punctuation marks.

    Contributions should be consistent in their use of language and spelling; for instance, articles should be in British English or American English throughout.

    Please use a reader-friendly style! Manuscripts submitted to TTMC must be written in clear, concise and grammatical English. If not written by a native speaker, it is advisable to have the paper checked by a native speaker.

    Illustrations and tables

    Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals, provided with appropriate captions, and be referred to in the main text in this manner: “in Table 2…” (and never like this: “in the following table…”). Figure captions should be placed below the figure, while table captions should be placed above the relevant table. Please indicate the preferred position of the table or figure in the text in this way:





    Editorial interventions in quotations (indications such as sic, or interpolated comments) need to be signaled by the use of square brackets. Ellipsis points used to indicate a deleted passage in a quotation, too, need to be bracketed (CMS par. 13.56).

    Quotations in the main text should be given in double quotation marks with the appropriate reference to the source. Following CMS (par. 6.9–11), periods and commas should precede closing quotation marks. If the quotation does not include closing punctuation and is followed by the in-text reference, then the closing punctuation follows the in-text reference (CMS par. 15.25).

    Quotations longer than 3 lines should be indented, without quotation marks and with the appropriate reference to the source. They should be set off from the main text by a line of space above and below.


    Lists should not be indented. If numbered, please number as follows:

    1. ..................... or a. .......................

    2. ..................... or b. .......................

    Lists that run on with the main text can be numbered in parentheses: (1).............., (2)............., etc.

    Examples and glosses

    Examples should be numbered with Arabic numerals in parentheses: (1), (2), (3), etc.

    Examples in languages other than English should be in italics with an approximate translation. Between the original and the translation, glosses should be added. This interlinear gloss gets no punctuation and no highlighting.


    Use italics for foreign language, highlighting and emphasis. Bold should be used only for highlighting within italics and for headings. Please refrain from the use of small caps, FULL CAPS (except for focal stress and acronyms) and underlining (except for highlighting within examples, as an alternative to boldface). For terms or expressions (e.g., ‘context of situation’), please use single quotes. For glosses of citation forms use double quotes.

    Sections and headings

    Articles should be reasonably divided into sections and, if necessary, into sub-sections; these have to be numbered, beginning with 1 (not 0). Numbering should be in Arabic numerals; no italics; no dot after the last number, except for level-one headings.

    Do not go beyond three levels. Please mark the headings as follows: level one (bold), level two (roman), level three (italic).

    Inclusive numbers

    TTMC prefers the foolproof system of giving the full form of numbers everywhere (CMS, par. 9.61). In other words, inclusive page numbers and years should not be abbreviated: e.g., 210-212 (rather than 210-2), the war of 1914-1918 (rather than 1914-18). This also applies to references.

    Funding information

    Funding information should be provided if funding was received through a grant for the research that is discussed in the article, including funder name and grant number, in a separate section called "Funding information" before (an Acknowledgment section and) the References.


    Acknowledgments (other than funding information, see above) should be added in a separate, unnumbered section entitled "Acknowledgments", placed before the References.


    Appendices should follow the References section.


    It is essential that the references be formatted to the specifications given in these guidelines.

    References in the text:

    TTMC uses the Author–Date reference system. A comma is used between the date and the page number. References should be as precise as possible, giving page references where necessary; for example (Clahsen 1991, 252) or: as in Brown et al. (1991, 252).

    All references in the text should appear in the references section.

    For repeated consecutive references to the same source, and where no confusion is possible, it suffices to provide the page reference between brackets; for example (252).

    References section:

    References should be listed first alphabetically and then chronologically, in ascending order.

    Subdivisions (e.g., Primary sources; Other references) may exceptionally be envisaged in certain cases, but in principle a single list is preferred.

    The section should include all (and only!) references that are actually mentioned in the text.

    A note on capitalization in titles:

    For titles in English, TTMC uses headline-style capitalization (CMS, par. 8.157). In titles and subtitles, capitalize the first and last words, and all other major words (nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, some conjunctions). Do not capitalize articles; prepositions (unless used adverbially or adjectivally, or as part of a Latin expression used adverbially or adjectivally); the conjunctions ‘and,’ ‘but,’ ‘for,’ ‘or’ and ‘nor’; ‘to’ as part of an infinitive; ‘as’ in any grammatical function; parts of proper names that would be lower case in normal text. For more details and examples, consult CMS.

    For titles in any other languages, as well as for English translations of titles given in square brackets, TTMC follows CMS in using sentence-style capitalization: capitalization as in normal prose, i.e., the first word in the title, the subtitle, and any proper names or other words normally given initial capitals in the language in question.

    When giving publisher place information, give only the first place name if two or more are available, e.g., Amsterdam: John Benjamins (CMS par. 14.35).



    Butler, Judith. 2006. Gender Trouble. 3rd ed. London: Routledge.

    O’Hagan, Minako, and Carmen Mangiron. 2013. Game Localization: Translating for the Global Digital Entertainment Industry. Benjamins Translation Library 106. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

    Edited volume

    Spear, Norman E., and Ralph R. Miller, eds. 1981. Information Processing in Animals: Memory Mechanisms. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Scholarly edition

    James, Henry. 1962-1964. The Complete Tales of Henry James. Edited by Leon Edel. 12 vols. London: Rupert Hart-Davis.

    Special issue of journal

    Pym, Anthony, ed. 2000. The Return to Ethics. Special issue of The Translator 7 (2). Manchester: St Jerome.

    Translated work

    Mitchell, David. 2010. De niet verhoorde gebeden van Jacob de Zoet [orig. The Thousand Autumns of Jacob de Zoet]. Translated by Harm Damsma, and Niek Miedema. S.l.: Nieuw Amsterdam Uitgevers.

    Shakespeare, William. 1947. Henri V. Translated by M.J. Lavelle. Collection bilingue des Classiques étrangers. Paris: Montaigne.

    Article in book

    Adams, Clare A., and Anthony Dickinson. 1981. “Actions and Habits: Variation in Associative Representation during Instrumental Learning.” In Information Processing in Animals: Memory Mechanisms, ed. by Norman E. Spear, and Ralph R. Miller, 143–186. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Article in journal

    Bassnett, Susan. 2012. “Translation Studies at Cross-roads.” In The Known Unknowns of Translation Studies, ed. by Elke Brems, Reine Meylaerts, and Luc van Doorslaer, special issue of Target 24 (1): 15–25.

    Claes, Jeroen, and Luis A. Ortiz López. 2011. “Restricciones pragmáticas y sociales en la expresión de futuridad en el español de Puerto Rico [Pragmatic and social restrictions in the expression of the future in Puerto Rican Spanish].” Spanish in Context 8: 50–72.

    Rayson, Paul, Geoffrey N. Leech, and Mary Hodges. 1997. “Social Differentiation in the Use of English Vocabulary: Some Analyses of the Conversational Component of the British National Corpus.” International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 2 (1): 120–132.

    Article in online journal

    Taplin, Oliver. 2001. “The Experience of an Academic in the Rehearsal Room.” Didaskalia 5 (1).

    Internet site

    European Observatory for Plurilingualism. Accessed April 22, 2013.

    Various unpublished sources

    Marinetti, Cristina. 2007. Beyond the Playtext: The Relationship between Text and Performance in the Translation of Il servitore di due padroni. PhD diss. University of Warwick.

    Quinn, Gavin. 2009. Personal interview. August 5, 2009.


    For other cases (and for further guidelines), please consult CMS.


    Translation & Interpreting Studies

    Translation Studies

    Main BIC Subject

    CFP: Translation & interpretation

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN023000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Translating & Interpreting