Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism

LABoffers online submission. More details can be found below in the Submission section and in the guidelines.

LAB is an international peer-reviewed journal which provides an outlet for cutting-edge studies on linguistic aspects of bilingualism. LAB assumes a broad definition of bilingualism, including work on: adult L2 acquisition/processing, simultaneous child bilingualism, child L2 acquisition/processing, adult and child heritage language bilingualism, L1 attrition in L2/Ln environments, and adult/child L3/Ln acquisition/processing. LAB publishes original research with a linguistic focus on the understanding of bilingual language acquisition and processing and the effects bilingualism has on cognition and the brain. LAB does not publish papers predominantly dealing with educational, psychological or social topics.

LAB is celebrating its 10-year anniversary. To mark this occasion, we granted the first Junior Researcher LAB Awardat EuroSLA 30 in Barcelona in 2021. We are offering this award again at EuroSLA 31 in Fribourg in 2022. Please see the current call for papers for more information:

Please visit the JBE platform where you can find our ten most cited papers:

LAB publishes its articles Online First.

Ranking 16/183 in Linguistics (JCR 2018)

ISSN 1879-9264 | E-ISSN 1879-9272
Sample issue: LAB 7:1
Holger Hopp | University of Braunschweig
Tanja Kupisch | University of Konstanz & UiT the Artic University of Norway
Editorial Assistant
Anika Lloyd-Smith | University of Konstanz
Associate Editors
Jennifer Cabrelli | University of Illinois at Chicago
Vicky Chondrogianni | University of Edinburgh
Ian Cunnings | University of Reading
Cristina Flores | University of Minho
Carrie N. Jackson | Pennsylvania State University
Margaret M. Kehoe | University of Zurich
Gerrit Jan Kootstra | Radboud University
Tania Leal | University of Nevada, Reno
Eleonora Rossi | University of Florida
Neal Snape | Gunma Prefectural Women’s University & Chuo University
Founding Editors
Jason Rothman | UiT the Artic University of Norway & Universidad Nebrija
Roumyana Slabakova | University of Southampton & University of Iowa
Editorial Board
Ellen Bialystok | York University
Mirjam Broersma | Radboud University Nijmegen
Emanuel Bylund | Stockholm University
Susanne Elizabeth Carroll | University of Calgary
Deborah Chen Pichler | Gallaudet University
Paola E. Dussias | Pennsylvania State University
María del Pilar García Mayo | Universidad del País Vasco UPV/EHU
Jorge González Alonso | UiT the Arctic University of Norway
Stefan Th. Gries | University of California at Santa Barbara
Theres Grüter | University of Hawaii
Ayse Gürel | Bogazici University
Erika Hoff | Florida Atlantic University
Noriko Hoshino | Tsuda University
Tania Ionin | University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Alan Juffs | University of Pittsburgh
Edith Kaan | University of Florida at Gainesville
Tihana Kraš | University of Rijeka
Judith F. Kroll | University of California, Irvine
Donna Lardiere | Georgetown University
Li Wei | UCL IOE
Terje Lohndal | NTNU Trondheim
Viorica Marian | Northwestern University
Theodoros Marinis | University of Konstanz
David Miller | University of Illinois at Chicago
Mary Grantham O’Brien | University of Calgary
William O’Grady | University of Hawaii
Öner Özçelik | Indiana University
Johanne Paradis | University of Alberta
Maria Polinsky | University of Maryland
Michael T. Putnam | Pennsylvania State University
Yulia Rodina | UiT the Arctic University of Norway
Monika S. Schmid | University of Essex
Bonnie D. Schwartz | University of Hawaii
Ludovica Serratrice | University of Reading
Antonella Sorace | University of Edinburgh
Debra Titone | McGill University
Ianthi Maria Tsimpli | University of Cambridge
Sharon Unsworth | Radboud University Nijmegen
Bill VanPatten | Michigan State University
Shigenori Wakabayashi | Chuo University
Marit Westergaard | UiT the Arctic University of Norway
Lydia White | McGill University
Magdalena Wrembel | Adam Mickiewicz University
Stefanie Wulff | University of Florida at Gainesville
Subscription Info
Current issue: 12:5, available as of August 2022

General information about our electronic journals.

Subscription rates

All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

Online-only Print + online
Volume 13 (2023): 6 issues; ca. 900 pp. EUR 339.00 EUR 400.00
Volume 12 (2022): 6 issues; ca. 900 pp. EUR 339.00 EUR 392.00

Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 60.00 (online‑only: EUR 55.00)
Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

Available back-volumes

Online-only Print + online
Complete backset
(Vols. 1‒11; 2011‒2021)
56 issues;
7,400 pp.
EUR 2,883.00 EUR 3,217.00
Volumes 10‒11 (2020‒2021) 6 issues; avg. 900 pp. EUR 339.00 each EUR 392.00 each
Volume 9 (2019) 6 issues; 900 pp. EUR 322.00 EUR 373.00
Volume 8 (2018) 6 issues; 900 pp. EUR 313.00 EUR 362.00
Volume 7 (2017) 6 issues; 750 pp. EUR 276.00 EUR 319.00
Volume 6 (2016) 6 issues; 750 pp. EUR 276.00 EUR 310.00
Volume 5 (2015) 4 issues; 500 pp. EUR 221.00 EUR 241.00
Volume 4 (2014) 4 issues; 500 pp. EUR 221.00 EUR 234.00
Volume 3 (2013) 4 issues; 500 pp. EUR 196.00 EUR 202.00
Volumes 1‒2 (2011‒2012) 4 issues; avg. 400 pp. EUR 190.00 each EUR 196.00 each
IssuesOnline-first articles

Volume 12 (2022)

Volume 11 (2021)

Volume 10 (2020)

Volume 9 (2019)

Volume 8 (2018)

Volume 7 (2017)

Volume 6 (2016)

Volume 5 (2015)

Volume 4 (2014)

Volume 3 (2013)

Volume 2 (2012)

Volume 1 (2011)

Latest articles

8 September 2022

  • L2 acquisition of the Chinese plural marker -men by English and Korean speakers
    Jiajia Su
  • 6 September 2022

  • Proficiency in a second language influences processing of print-to-sound mappings
    Mona Roxana Botezatu , Maya Misra Judith F. Kroll
  • Subject pronouns in Spanish-English code-switching : A test of two models
    Amy Bustin , Antje Muntendam Gretchen Sunderman
  • 9 August 2022

  • Storytelling in bilingual children : How organization of narratives is (not) affected by linguistic skills and environmental factors
    Natalia Gagarina Ute Bohnacker | LAB 12:4 (2022) pp. 407–412
  • 29 July 2022

  • Naïve English-speaking learners’ use of indirect positive evidence : The case of Mandarin plural marking
    Ying Li Heather Goad
  • 7 July 2022

  • The effects of using two varieties of one language on cognition : Evidence from bidialectalism and diglossia
    Najla Alrwaita , Carmel Houston-Price Christos Pliatsikas
  • 9 June 2022

  • L2 tolerance of pragmatic violations of informativeness : Evidence from ad hoc implicatures and contrastive inference
    Shuo Feng
  • 31 May 2022

  • The impact of language dominance on Russian-Hebrew bilingual children’s narrative production : Microstructure, macrostructure, and Internal State Terms
    Sveta Fichman , Joel Walters , Sharon Armon-Lotem Carmit Altman | LAB 12:4 (2022) pp. 509–539
  • 12 May 2022

  • Variation versus deviation : Early bilingual acquisition of Spanish Differential Object Marking
    Pablo E. Requena
  • 7 March 2022

  • Relative clauses in child heritage speakers of Turkish in the United States
    Aylin Coşkun Kunduz Silvina Montrul
  • 2 March 2022

  • L2 processing of filled gaps : Non-native brain activity not modulated by proficiency and working memory
    Zhiyin Renee Dong , Chao Han , Arild Hestvik Gabriella Hermon
  • 21 February 2022

  • Codeswitching and the Egyptian Arabic construct state : Evidence for the wordhood of a complex syntactic unit
    Yourdanis Sedarous
  • 3 February 2022

  • Phonological parsing via an integrated I-language : The emergence of property-by-property transfer effects in L3 phonology
    John Archibald
  • 20 January 2022

  • Crosslinguistic influence from Catalan and Yucatec Maya on judgments and processing of Spanish focus
    Bradley Hoot Tania Leal
  • 13 December 2021

  • The differential impact of age of onset of bilingualism and language exposure for bilingual children with DLD and ASD
    Sharon Armon-Lotem Natalia Meir | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 33–38
  • Bringing together autism and bilingualism research: Language matters
    Bérengère G. Digard Antonella Sorace | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 44–47
  • Expanding contexts for exploring the intersection of autism and bilingualism
    Megan C. Gross Helen Tager-Flusberg | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 48–53
  • The “what” and “how” of measuring
    Maria Teresa Guasti | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 54–58
  • Language competence and beyond : Understanding the lived experience of bilingualism for autistic people
    Napoleon Katsos Jenny L. Gibson | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 65–70
  • A constellation of continua : Reconceptualising bilingualism, autism and language research
    Draško Kašćelan Cécile De Cat | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 59–64
  • Pragmatic disorder of monolingual and bilingual children with autism
    Rama Novodgrodsky | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 71–75
  • Language-developmental trajectory in autism : Data collection, social communication, statistical learning and autistic traits
    Jeannette Schaeffer Ileana Grama
  • Heterogeneity in bilingualism and autism : Two of a kind?
    Petra Schulz | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 76–81
  • On how linguistically-informed research can further address heterogeneity in bilingualism and autism
    Ianthi M. Tsimpli | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 82–86
  • The role of emotion in language development among bilingual children with autism spectrum disorders : A critical void
    Chenggang Wu Juan Zhang | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 87–91
  • Bilingualism and autism : The importance of studying language control as part of bilingual language development
    Angela de Bruin Marianna E. Hayiou-Thomas | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 39–43
  • Bilingual language development in autism
    Philippe Prévost Laurice Tuller | LAB 12:1 (2022) pp. 1–32
  • Response to Commentaries on bilingual language development in autism
    Philippe Prévost Laurice Tuller | LAB 12:1 (2022) p. 92
  • 26 November 2021

  • Asymmetric transfer and development of temporal-aspectual sentence-final particles in English-Cantonese bilinguals’ L3 Mandarin grammars
    Yanyu Guo Boping Yuan
  • The use of default forms in codeswitching : Mood selection in Spanish
    Ana de Prada Pérez , Nicholas Feroce Lillian Kennedy
  • 18 November 2021

  • Reviewers for Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism in 2020 and 2021
    LAB 11:6 (2021) pp. 909–914
  • 16 November 2021

  • Comprehension and production of non-canonical word orders in Mandarin-speaking child heritage speakers
    Jiuzhou Hao Vasiliki Chondrogianni
  • L2 acquisition of definiteness in Japanese floating numeral quantifiers : Can overt L1 morphology help?
    Keisuke Kume Heather Marsden
  • 2 November 2021

  • How explicit instruction improves phonological awareness and perception of L2 sound contrasts in younger and older adults
    Emily Felker , Esther Janse , Mirjam Ernestus Mirjam Broersma
  • 16 September 2021

  • Storytelling in bilingual Turkish-Swedish children : Effects of language, age and exposure on narrative macrostructure
    Ute Bohnacker , Josefin Lindgren Buket Öztekin | LAB 12:4 (2022) pp. 413–445
  • 14 September 2021

  • Grammatical gender in Spanish child heritage speakers : Incomplete or different acquisition?
    Lourdes Martinez-Nieto Maria Adelaida Restrepo
  • 7 September 2021

  • Macrostructure in narratives produced by Lebanese Arabic-French bilingual children : Developmental trends and links with language dominance, exposure to narratives and lexical skills
    Rachel Fiani , Guillemette Henry Philippe Prévost | LAB 12:4 (2022) pp. 446–478
  • 20 August 2021

  • Who did what to whom, and what did we already know? Word order and information structure in heritage and L2 Russian
    Tania Ionin , Maria Goldshtein , Tatiana Luchkina Sofya Styrina
  • The role of existing language knowledge in bilingual and multilingual toddlers’ repetition of cross-linguistic and language-specific nonwords
    Josje Verhagen Sible Andringa
  • 16 July 2021

  • Native language, L2 experience, and pitch processing in music
    Ao Chen , Melis Çetinçelik , M. Paula Roncaglia-Denissen Makiko Sadakata
  • Re-examining the role of mood selection type in Spanish heritage speakers’ subjunctive production
    Silvia Perez-Cortes
  • 6 July 2021

  • Constraints on subject-verb agreement marking in Turkish-German bilingual speakers
    Serkan Uygun Claudia Felser
  • 24 June 2021

  • Bilingualism and the declining brain
    Christos Pliatsikas , Ana Inés Ansaldo Toms Voits | LAB 11:4 (2021) pp. 453–458
  • 14 June 2021

  • Electrophysiological insights into the role of proficiency in bilingual novel and conventional metaphor processing
    Xin Wang Katarzyna Jankowiak
  • 28 May 2021

  • Variable V2 in Norwegian heritage language : An effect of crosslinguistic influence?
    Marit Westergaard , Terje Lohndal Björn Lundquist
  • 15 April 2021

  • Facilitative use of grammatical gender in Heritage Spanish
    Zuzanna Fuchs
  • Properties of child-directed speech in bilingual parents : A study on partial repetitions
    Yezhou Li Luca Onnis
  • Variation and stability of American Norwegian /r/ in contact
    David Natvig
  • Submission

    Types of articles

    The default review policy for LAB is double blind review. All author names, affiliations and other references to the authors' identity must be removed from the manuscript.

    General research articles: 8,000-10,000 word articles (including tables, figures, and references) that present original empirical research pertinent to the study of cognitive-linguistic bilingualism.

    Birdseye article: 8,000-10,000 word articles that present authoritative overviews, narrative syntheses, or meta-analyses of a relevant topic.

    Squibs and Research Reports: These small articles should not exceed 5,000 words (including tables, figures, and references) and should present research on ongoing theoretical projects or subsets of data sets making significant contributions that are time sensitive. Accelerated review will be conducted.

    Epistemological articles: These articles on topics of general epistemological interest in the sub-disciplines that contribute research to the journal will be between 8,000 and 12,000 words and will be by invitation only.

    Special issue: Annually, one special issue will be published on a topic of current interest within the remit of the journal. Proposals for guest editing this issue should be sent to the editors and not exceed 3 pages. On top of information on how the SI relates to the remit of LAB, the proposal should outline the scope and the content of the SI, give a list of potential contributors, and provide information on how a Call for Papers will be disseminated.

    All manuscripts need to conform to the APA7 guidelines and to the LAB style sheet, or they will be returned to the authors. Please consult the style sheet and the guidelines section for more information.

    All inquiries should be directed towards the editors by e-mailing the journal at editorial at


    Submissions to LAB should consist of original work that has not been previously published and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. LAB will consider submissions that make novel theoretical or empirical contributions to one or more of the areas and domains within the remit of LAB, as laid out on the website. Consideration will only be given to papers conforming to the following requirements:

    1. Contributions must be in English and spelling should be either American English or British English and should be consistent throughout the paper. If not written by a native speaker, please have the paper proof-read prior to submission. There will be no further language proofing after acceptance.
    2. All submissions need to accompanied by a cover letter. In the cover letter, authors need to:
      - Explain how the submission fits the remit of LAB.
      - Outline the novelty of the submission and its theoretical and/or empirical contribution.
      - Provide five highlights of the submission that outline the core findings of the submission. Highlights consist of 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point).
      - Address all points required in the section “Reseach standards and public availability of study data, and code”.
    3. All manuscripts need to conform to the APA7 guidelines and to the LAB style sheet, or they will be returned to the authors. Please consult the style sheet for more information.
    4. Manuscripts should be submitted through the journal’s online submission and manuscript tracking site.
    5. If you are unable to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors: editorial at

    Research standards and public availability of data and code

    LAB looks for high standards of research, including samples with enough statistical power to test the hypotheses, appropriate methods of statistical analysis, and public availability of data. In your cover letter provided during the submission process, please indicate how these standards have been achieved. At a minimum, you should provide information on your choice of statistical analysis and how you have made available public and free access to a repository with the data used for the analysis, and analysis code.

    In cases where authors do not own data or code, please state where and how readers can access these elements (anonymized during the review process). In cases where authors cannot share data due to participant privacy concerns or other issues, provide a clear explanation of why the data cannot be sufficiently anonymized for the purpose of responsible sharing, and/or why they are otherwise not shareable. All manuscripts submitted will be subject to an initial check to make sure that the above requirements are met. Missing, incomplete, or otherwise inadequate information will lead to administrative rejection of the manuscript.

    LAB accepts links to trusted online repositories, such as the Open Science Framework, Dataverse, a university repository, or other database on the Registry of Research Data Repositories.

    To ensure author anonymity during the review process, authors must ensure that the material shared in repositories does not reveal author identity. This can be achieved, for instance, through OSF's review only link option.


    John Benjamins journals are committed to maintaining the highest standards of publication ethics and to supporting ethical research practices. Please read this Ethics Statement.

    Rights and Permissions

    Authors must ensure that they have permission to use any third-party material in their contribution; the permission should include perpetual (not time-limited) world-wide distribution in print and electronic format.

    For information on authors' rights, please consult the rights information page.

    Open Access

    Information about Open Access options can be found on our OA Policy page.

    For information about permission to post a version of your article online or in an institutional repository ('green' open access or self-archiving), please consult the rights information page.

    This journal offers the possibility for accepted papers to be published Open Access through payment of an Article Publication Charge (APC) of EUR 1800 (excl. tax); more information can be found on the publisher's Open Access Policy page.

    Corresponding authors from institutions with which John Benjamins has a Read & Publish arrangement can publish Open Access without paying a fee; information on the institutions and which articles qualify, can be found on this page.


    John Benjamins Publishing Company has an agreement in place with Portico for the archiving of all its online journals and e-books.


    Main BIC Subject

    CFDM: Bilingualism & multilingualism

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General