Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism

LAB offers online submission. More details can be found below in the 'Submission' section and in the guidelines.

LAB is an international peer-reviewed journal which provides an outlet for cutting-edge studies on linguistic aspects of bilingualism. LAB assumes a broad definition of bilingualism, including work on: adult L2 acquisition/processing, simultaneous child bilingualism, child L2 acquisition/processing, adult and child heritage language bilingualism, L1 attrition in L2/Ln environments, and adult/child L3/Ln acquisition/processing. LAB publishes original research with a linguistic focus on the understanding of bilingual language acquisition and processing and the effects bilingualism has on cognition and the brain. LAB does not publish papers predominantly dealing with educational, psychological or social topics.

LABis celebrating its 10 year anniversary in 2020/2021 and on this occasion, we are introducing a new Junior Researcher LAB award that will be awarded for the first time at EuroSLA in Barcelona in July 2021 (

Please visit the JBE platform where you can find our ten most cited papers:

LAB publishes its articles Online First.

Ranking 16/183 in Linguistics (JCR 2018)

ISSN 1879-9264 | E-ISSN 1879-9272
Sample issue: LAB 7:1
Holger Hopp | University of Braunschweig
Tanja Kupisch | University of Konstanz & UiT the Artic University of Norway
Editorial Assistant
Anika Lloyd-Smith | University of Konstanz
Associate Editors
Jennifer Cabrelli | University of Illinois at Chicago
Vicky Chondrogianni | University of Edinburgh
Ian Cunnings | University of Reading
Cristina Flores | University of Minho
Carrie N. Jackson | Pennsylvania State University
Margaret Kehoe | University of Zurich
Gerrit Jan Kootstra | Radboud University
Tania Leal | University of Nevada, Reno
Eleonora Rossi | University of Florida
Neal Snape | Gunma Prefectural Women’s University & Chuo University
Founding Editors
Jason Rothman | UiT the Artic University of Norway & Universidad Nebrija
Roumyana Slabakova | University of Southampton & University of Iowa
Editorial Board
Ellen Bialystok | York University
Mirjam Broersma | Radboud University Nijmegen
Emanuel Bylund | Stockholm University
Susanne Elizabeth Carroll | University of Calgary
Deborah Chen Pichler | Gallaudet University
Paola E. Dussias | Pennsylvania State University
María del Pilar García Mayo | Universidad del País Vasco UPV/EHU
Marcel Giezen | Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language
Jorge González Alonso | UiT the Arctic University of Norway
Stefan Th. Gries | University of California at Santa Barbara
Theres Grüter | University of Hawaii
Ayşe Gürel | Bogazici University
Erika Hoff | Florida Atlantic University
Noriko Hoshino | Tsuda University
Tania Ionin | University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Alan Juffs | University of Pittsburgh
Edith Kaan | University of Florida at Gainesville
Tihana Kraš | University of Rijeka
Judith F. Kroll | University of California, Irvine
Donna Lardiere | Georgetown University
Li Wei | UCL IOE
Terje Lohndal | NTNU Trondheim
Viorica Marian | Northwestern University
Theodoros Marinis | University of Konstanz
David Miller | University of Illinois at Chicago
Mary Grantham O’Brien | University of Calgary
William O’Grady | University of Hawaii
Öner Özçelik | Indiana University
Johanne Paradis | University of Alberta
Maria Polinsky | University of Maryland
Michael T. Putnam | Pennsylvania State University
Yulia Rodina | UiT the Arctic University of Norway
Monika S. Schmid | University of Essex
Bonnie D. Schwartz | University of Hawaii
Ludovica Serratrice | University of Reading
Antonella Sorace | University of Edinburgh
Debra Titone | McGill University
Ianthi Maria Tsimpli | University of Cambridge
Sharon Unsworth | Radboud University Nijmegen
Bill VanPatten | Michigan State University
Shigenori Wakabayashi | Chuo University
Marit Westergaard | UiT the Arctic University of Norway
Lydia White | McGill University
Magdalena Wrembel | Adam Mickiewicz University
Stefanie Wulff | University of Florida at Gainesville
Subscription Info
Current issue: 10:5, available as of October 2020
Next issue: 10:6, expected December 2020

General information about our electronic journals.

Subscription rates

All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

Online-only Print + online
Volume 11 (2021): 6 issues; ca. 900 pp. EUR 339.00 EUR 392.00
Volume 11 (2021): 6 issues; ca. 900 pp. EUR 339.00 EUR 392.00
Volume 10 (2020): 6 issues; ca. 900 pp. EUR 339.00 EUR 392.00

Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 60.00 (online‑only: EUR 55.00)
Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

Available back-volumes

Online-only Print + online
Complete backset
(Vols. 1‒9; 2011‒2019)
44 issues;
5,600 pp.
EUR 2,205.00 EUR 2,433.00
Volume 9 (2019) 6 issues; 900 pp. EUR 322.00 EUR 373.00
Volume 8 (2018) 6 issues; 900 pp. EUR 313.00 EUR 362.00
Volume 7 (2017) 6 issues; 750 pp. EUR 276.00 EUR 319.00
Volume 6 (2016) 6 issues; 750 pp. EUR 276.00 EUR 310.00
Volume 5 (2015) 4 issues; 500 pp. EUR 221.00 EUR 241.00
Volume 4 (2014) 4 issues; 500 pp. EUR 221.00 EUR 234.00
Volume 3 (2013) 4 issues; 500 pp. EUR 196.00 EUR 202.00
Volumes 1‒2 (2011‒2012) 4 issues; avg. 400 pp. EUR 190.00 each EUR 196.00 each
IssuesOnline-first articles

Volume 10 (2020)

Volume 9 (2019)

Volume 8 (2018)

Volume 7 (2017)

Volume 6 (2016)

Volume 5 (2015)

Volume 4 (2014)

Volume 3 (2013)

Volume 2 (2012)

Volume 1 (2011)

Latest articles

9 October 2020

  • Asymmetrical cross-language phonetic interaction: Phonological implications
    Geoffrey Schwartz
  • 6 October 2020

  • Online processing and offline judgments of L2-English articles
    Jacee Cho
  • 30 September 2020

  • L1 Phonetic permeability and phonetic path towards a potential merger: The case of Galician mid vowels in bilingual production
    Monica de la Fuente Iglesias & Susana Pérez Castillejo
  • 24 September 2020

  • An investigation into utterance-fluency patterns of advanced L2 bilinguals: Afrikaans and Spanish in Patagonia
    Lorenzo García-Amaya
  • 3 July 2020

  • Dimensions of bilingualism promoting cognitive control: Impacts of language context and onset age of active bilingualism on mixing and switching costs
    Iryna Khodos & Christo Moskovsky
  • 22 June 2020

  • A usage-based approach to productive use of inflectional patterns and level of lemma sophistication in adult heritage speakers’ performance: Convergence on the immigrant variety
    Tuğba Karayayla
  • The effect of animacy on object pronoun distinctions in L2 Spanish
    Michael Kevin Olsen & Alan Juffs
  • 3 June 2020

  • Mental representations in receptive multilingual grammars
    Bonnie C. Holmes & Michael T. Putnam | LAB 10:3 (2020) pp. 309–314
  • 25 May 2020

  • How do Spanish heritage speakers in the US assign gender to English nouns in Spanish-English code-switching? The effect of noun canonicity and codeswitcher type
    Nofiya Denbaum & Ana de Prada Pérez
  • What transfers (or doesn’t) in the second language acquisition of English articles by learners from article-less native languages?
    Tania Ionin, Sea Hee Choi & Qiufen Liu
  • 15 May 2020

  • The syntactic status of English dative alternation structures in bilingual and in monolingual acquisition data
    Raquel Fernández Fuertes & Silvia Sánchez Calderón
  • 12 May 2020

  • Type of early bilingualism effect on the delateralization of /ʎ/ in Basque and Spanish
    Ander Beristain
  • Cross-linguistic influence in word order: Effects of age, dominance and surface overlap
    Jasmijn E. Bosch & Sharon Unsworth
  • 29 April 2020

  • A classification of receptive bilinguals: Why we need to distinguish them, and what they have in common
    Marina Sherkina-Lieber | LAB 10:3 (2020) pp. 412–440
  • 23 March 2020

  • Children’s thinking-for-speaking: Bidirectional effects of L1 Turkish and L2 English for motion events
    Asli Aktan-Erciyes, Tilbe Göksun, Ali İzzet Tekcan & Ayhan Aksu-Koç
  • 2 March 2020

  • LAB at ten!
    LAB 10:1 (2020) pp. 1–4
  • 20 February 2020

  • The influence of first language at the semantics–pragmatic interface: Evidence from definite and demonstrative determiners in L2 English
    Lulu Zhang
  • 13 February 2020

  • Spoken word processing in bilingual older adults: Assessing within- and cross-language competition using the visual world task
    Debra Titone, Julie Mercier, Aruna Sudarshan, Irina Pivneva, Jason Gullifer & Shari Baum
  • 11 February 2020

  • Effects of bilingualism on statistical learning in preschoolers
    Josje Verhagen & Elise de Bree
  • 21 January 2020

  • What does and doesn’t affect L2 overt pronoun production: A Corpus Study of L1-English, L1-Korean, and L1-Mandarin L2 Speakers of Japanese
    Marisa Nagano
  • 16 January 2020

  • Multiple sclerosis and bilingualism: Some initial findings
    Fraibet Aveledo, Yolanda Higueras, Theodoros Marinis, Arpita Bose, Christos Pliatsikas, Ariana Meldaña-Rivera, María Luisa Martínez-Ginés, José Manuel García-Domínguez, Alberto Lozano-Ros, Juan Pablo Cuello & Haydee Goicochea-Briceño
  • 7 January 2020

  • Object clitic production in French-speaking L2 children and children with SLI: A longitudinal comparison of elicited and spontaneous language
    Maureen Scheidnes, Laurice Tuller & Philippe Prévost
  • 19 December 2019

  • Acquisition of quantified partitivity in Catalan-Spanish bilingualism: Influence from child-level and language-level factors
    Adriana Soto-Corominas
  • 3 December 2019

  • Prosodic effects on L2 grammars: From competence constraints to a learning research agenda
    Susanne E. Carroll | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 827–832
  • Prosodic transfer in the receptive modality: Recognizing morphology within L2 prosody
    John Matthews | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 862–866
  • 14 November 2019

  • Reply to commentaries
    Heather Goad & Lydia White | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 895–900
  • 4 November 2019

  • The scope of the Prosodic Transfer Hypothesis
    Öner Özçelik | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 878–882
  • 29 October 2019

  • Plotting individual learning trajectories in the acquisition of L2 prosodic constraints
    Jennifer Cabrelli | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 822–826
  • Phonology constrains morphology differently in developing L1, cL2, and L2 Grammars
    Janet Grijzenhout | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 838–842
  • Differences in phonological awareness performance: Are there positive or negative effects of bilingual experience?
    Claire Goriot, Sharon Unsworth, Roeland van Hout, Mirjam Broersma & James M. McQueen
  • 24 October 2019

  • Verb learning and the acquisition of aspect: L1 transfer of verb semantics
    Yumiko Nishi & Yasuhiro Shirai
  • 17 October 2019

  • Possible extensions of the Prosodic Transfer Hypothesis
    Antje Muntendam | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 867–871
  • What do prosodic accounts add to the research on L2 articles?
    Danijela Trenkic | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 888–894
  • 14 October 2019

  • ‘Minimal adaptation’ and the edges of prosodic domains
    Nicole Dehé | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 833–837
  • 9 October 2019

  • Basque-Spanish bilingual children’s expressive and receptive grammatical abilities
    Rhiannon M. Anderson, Marcel R. Giezen & Marie Pourquié | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 687–709
  • Processing strategies used by Basque-French bilingual and Basque monolingual children for the production of the subject-agent in Basque
    Isabelle Duguine & Barbara Köpke | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 514–541
  • Production, comprehension and repetition of accusative case by monolingual Russian and bilingual Russian-Dutch and Russian-Hebrew-speaking children
    Bibi Janssen & Natalia Meir | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 736–765
  • Adjective-noun order in Papiamento-Dutch code-switching
    Leticia Pablos, M. Carmen Parafita Couto, Bastien Boutonnet, Amy de Jong, Marlou Perquin, Annelies de Haan & Niels O. Schiller | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 710–735
  • Dominance, mode, and individual variation in bilingual speech production and perception
    Page Piccinini & Amalia Arvaniti | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 628–658
  • Investigating vulnerabilities in grammatical processing of bilinguals: Insights from Basque-Spanish adults and children
    Marie Pourquié, Hugues Lacroix & Natalia Kartushina | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 600–627
  • Child heritage speakers’ production and comprehension of direct object clitic gender in Spanish
    Naomi Shin, Barbara Rodríguez, Aja Armijo & Molly Perara-Lunde | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 659–686
  • Bilingual language control across modalities: The relationship between mixed-language comprehension and production
    Esli Struys, Jill Surmont, Piet Van de Craen, Olga Kepinska & Maurits Van den Noort | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 542–568
  • Bilingual reference production: A cognitive-computational account
    Jacopo Torregrossa, Christiane Bongartz & Ianthi Maria Tsimpli | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 569–599
  • Editorial: 10 years of LAB
    LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 766–767
  • Psycholinguistic approaches to production and comprehension in bilingual adults and children
    Maialen Iraola Azpiroz, Shanley E. M. Allen, Kalliopi Katsika & Leigh Fernandez | LAB 9:4-5 (2019) pp. 505–513
  • 8 October 2019

  • The Prosodic Transfer Hypothesis in the grammar and its treatment of clitics
    Kuniya Nasukawa | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 872–877
  • Prosodic effects on L2 grammars
    Heather Goad & Lydia White | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 769–808
  • 7 October 2019

  • The Prosodic Transfer Hypothesis: Possible application to Spanish clitics
    Joyce Bruhn de Garavito | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 816–821
  • Evidence for syntactic feature transfer between two languages
    Niels O. Schiller | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 883–887
  • 4 October 2019

  • Types of evidence and the Prosodic Transfer Hypothesis
    John Archibald | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 809–815
  • Prosodic transfer and its relation to hypotheses of morphological development
    Roger Hawkins | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 843–848
  • Transfer cost and the developmental path to target object clitic prosody
    Julia Herschensohn & Randall Gess | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 849–853
  • Better together: The promise of the PTH as a complementary hypothesis
    Tania Leal & Jeffrey Renaud | LAB 9:6 (2019) pp. 854–861
  • Language attitudes modulate phonetic interactions between languages in bilingual speakers in diglossic settings
    Wai Ling Law, Olga Dmitrieva & Alexander L. Francis
  • 16 September 2019

  • Cross-language effects of phonological and orthographic similarity in cognate word recognition: The role of language dominance
    Haydee Carrasco-Ortiz, Mark Amengual & Stefan Th. Gries
  • 11 September 2019

  • Initial phonological transfer in L3 Brazilian Portuguese and Italian
    Jennifer Cabrelli & Carrie Pichan
  • 6 August 2019

  • Restructuring in heritage grammars: Adjective-noun and numeral-noun expressions in Israeli Russian
    Natalia Meir & Maria Polinsky
  • 16 July 2019

  • Language dominance does not always predict cross-linguistic interactions in bilingual speech production
    Mark Amengual & Miquel Simonet | LAB 10:6 (2020) pp. 847–872
  • 10 July 2019

  • Comment Clauses and mood choice in New York City Spanish: Generational constraints and innovations
    Kevin Martillo Viner | LAB 10:5 (2020) pp. 728–744
  • 5 July 2019

  • Cross-linguistic influence in the development of null arguments in early successive bilingual acquisition
    Aldona Sopata
  • 5 June 2019

  • Code-blending with depicting signs
    Ronice Müller de Quadros, Kathryn Davidson, Diane Lillo-Martin & Karen Emmorey | LAB 10:2 (2020) pp. 290–308
  • 3 June 2019

  • Present tense verb morphology of Spanish HL and L2 children in dual immersion: Feature Reassembly revisited
    Ana Fernández-Dobao & Julia Herschensohn | LAB 10:6 (2020) pp. 775–804
  • Visual working memory load constrains language non-selective activation under task-demands
    Seema Prasad, Shiji Viswambharan & Ramesh Mishra | LAB 10:6 (2020) pp. 805–846
  • 29 April 2019

  • A new look at the question of the bilingual advantage: Dual mechanisms of cognitive control
    Tanya Dash, Pierre Berroir, Ladan Ghazi-Saidi, Daniel Adrover-Roig & Ana Inés Ansaldo
  • Submission

    Four types of articles appear in LAB:

    Linguistic Approached to Bilingualism offers online submission

    Before submitting, please consult the guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors.

    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors via e-mail: editorial at

    Information about Open Access options can be found on our OA Policy page.



    The default review policy for LAB is double blind review. All author names, affiliations and other references to the authors' identity must be removed from the manuscript.

    Guidelines for Contributors

    Types of articles:

    General Research articles: 8,000-10,000 word articles that present original empirical research pertinent to the study of cognitive-linguistic bilingualism.

    Squibs and Research Reports: These small articles should not exceed 5,000 words and should present research on ongoing theoretical projects or subsets of data sets making significant contributions that are time sensitive. Accelerated review will be conducted.

    Epistemological Topics: these articles on topics of general epistemological interest in the sub-disciplines that contribute research to the journal will be between 8,000 and 12,000 words and will be by invitation only.

    Spotlight issue: Annually, one Spotlight issue will be published focusing on research of one particular language, language family or a cohort of articles addressing the same theoretical questions within the remit of the journal. Proposals for guest editing this issue should be sent to the editors and not exceed 3 pages.

    1. All inquiries should be directed towards the editors by e-mailing the journal at editorial at

    2. Contributions must be in English and spelling should be either American English or British English and should be consistent throughout the paper. If not written by a native speaker, it is advisable to have the paper checked by a native speaker prior to submission.

    3. All articles published in LAB are double-blind peer reviewed. For initial submission, authors should therefore deliver their MANUSCRIPT in electronic form (Word or rtf, accompanied by an identical PDF file), double-spaced with 3 cm/1 inch margins.

    4. Upon acceptance, the author will be requested to furnish the FINAL VERSION in electronic form (Word or rtf), accompanied by an identical PDF file. For the final accepted version the following standards MUST be followed:

    5. Authors are responsible for observing copyright laws when quoting or reproducing material. The copyright of articles published in LAB is held by the publisher. Permission for the author to use the article elsewhere will be granted by the publisher provided full acknowledgement is given to the source.

    6. Papers should be reasonably divided into sections and, if appropriate subsections. The headings of these subsections should be numbered in Arabic numerals (1.; 1.1.; 1.1.1.).

    7. Line drawings (FIGURES) should be submitted as reproducible originals. They should be numbered consecutively, and appropriate captions should be provided. Reference to any FIGURES should be given in the appropriate place where they should appear.

    8. TABLES should be numbered consecutively and should be referred to in the main text.

    9. NOTES should appear as FOOTNOTES and should be concise, kept to a minimum, and numbered consecutively throughout the paper.

    10. REFERENCES and all formatting in general, including for the reporting of STATISTICS, should follow the guidelines set out by the APA. Please consult the style sheet for a summary of the main points to which you should pay particular attention.

    11. Authors are kindly requested to check their manuscripts very carefully before submission in order to avoid delays in publication. The first author will receive a PDF file with page proofs for final correction. One set must be returned with corrections by the dates determined by the publication schedule. Any author’s alterations other than typographical corrections in the page proofs may be charged to the author.

    12. Authors of main articles as well as reviews will receive a complementary copy of the issue in which their paper appears.

    13. Manuscripts should be submitted through the journal’s online submission and manuscript tracking site.

    14. Information about Open Access options can be found on our OA Policy page.

    If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editors: editorial at



    Main BIC Subject

    CFDM: Bilingualism & multilingualism

    Main BISAC Subject

    LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General